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aspartát-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates aspartic acid with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.12.
MSH

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aspartylglukosylaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of N(4)-(beta-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl)-L-asparagine and water to N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminylamine and L-aspartate. It acts only on asparagine-oligosaccharides containing one amino acid, i.e. the ASPARAGINE has free alpha-amino and alpha-carboxyl groups. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
MSH

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aspergilóza

Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.
MSH

disease condition caused by species of Aspergillus and marked by inflammatory granulomatous lesions in the skin, ear, orbit, nasal sinuses, lungs, and sometimes in the bones and meninges.
CSP

An infectious fungal disease that occurs most often in the skin, ears, nasal sinuses, and lungs of people with suppressed immune systems.
NCI

Aspergillosis is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) that is very common in the environment. There are different kinds of aspergillosis. One kind is allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (also called ABPA). Symptoms of ABPA include wheezing and coughing. ABPA can affect healthy people but it is most common in people with asthma or cystic fibrosis.

Another kind is invasive aspergillosis, which invades and damages tissues in the body. It usually affects the lungs, but it can also cause infection in other organs and spread throughout the body. It affects people who have immune system problems, such as people who have had a transplant, are taking high doses of steroids, or getting chemotherapy for some cancers.

Your doctor might do a variety of tests to make the diagnosis, including a chest x-ray, CT scan of the lungs, or examining tissues for signs of the fungus. Treatment is with antifungal drugs.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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aspergilóza alergická bronchopulmonální

Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
MSH

An immune reaction to aspergillus in patients usually suffering from asthma or cystic fibrosis.
NCI

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Aspergillus

genus of mitosporic fungi.
CSP

A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
MSH

A genus of highly aerobic fungi in the phylum Ascomycota that grow as molds on the surface of a substrate.
NCI

Fungi commonly found in soil. Certain types of Aspergillus may cause disease, especially in people who have suppressed immune systems.
NCI

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Aspergillus flavus

species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin; also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
CSP

A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs.
NCI

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Aspergillus fumigatus

A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota with a stable haploid genome, no known sexual cycle, and that reproduces by forming conidiospores that are released into the environment.
NCI

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Aspergillus nidulans

A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
MSH

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Aspergillus niger

An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that is ubiquitous in the environment. They are generally considered asexual, although forms that reproduce sexually have been found.
NCI

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Aspergillus ochraceus

An imperfect fungus that produces ochratoxins and contaminates cereals and coffee beans.
MSH

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Aspergillus oryzae

An imperfect fungus present on most agricultural seeds and often responsible for the spoilage of seeds in bulk storage. It is also used in the production of fermented food or drink, especially in Japan.
MSH

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asfyxie

A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
MSH

The stopping of respiration or the asphyxia that results from it.
NCI

A condition due to lack of oxygen in respired air, resulting in impending or actual cessation of life.
NCI

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asfyxie novorozenců

Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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Dryopteris

A plant genus of the family DRYOPTERIDACEAE. Members contain aspidin and filicic acid.
MSH

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nadechnutí

Taking ambient air into the lungs; breathing in.
NCI

To draw in with the breath through the nose or mouth.
NCI

In medicine, refers to the act of taking a substance into the body by breathing.
NCI

Inhalation


HL7V3.0

The act of BREATHING in.
MSH

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aspirace (psychologie)

Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.
MSH

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Aspirin

The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
MSH

prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain; has antiinflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins; aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis.
CSP

A drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clotting. Aspirin belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. It is also being studied in cancer prevention.
NCI

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C287″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties.
NCI

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asertivita

Strongly insistent, self-assured, and demanding behavior.
MSH

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krevní oběh podpůrný

Pumping that aids the natural activity of the heart. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

surgical support techniques that with pumping aids the natural activity of the heart.
CSP

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asociace

A functional relationship between psychological phenomena of such nature that the presence of one tends to evoke the other; also, the process by which such a relationship is established.
MSH

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asociační učení

The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
MSH

items are experienced together such that at a later time when one item is experienced alone, the other item is recalled.
CSP

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astatin

Astatine. A radioactive halogen with the atomic symbol At, atomic number 85, and atomic weight 210. Its isotopes range in mass number from 200 to 219 and all have an extremely short half-life. Astatine may be of use in the treatment of hyperthyroidism.
MSH

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astenie

Clinical sign or symptom manifested as debility, or lack or loss of strength and energy.
MSH

Weakness; lack of energy and strength.
NCI

A sign or symptom of weakness and diminished or absent energy and strength.
NCI

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astenopie

Term generally used to describe complaints related to refractive error, ocular muscle imbalance, including pain or aching around the eyes, burning and itchiness of the eyelids, ocular fatigue, and headaches.
MSH

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ARNASESTUA

A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
MSH

form of bronchial disorder associated with airway obstruction, marked by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of the bronchi.
CSP

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your airways. Your airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the inside walls of your airways become sore and swollen. That makes them very sensitive, and they may react strongly to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. When your airways react, they get narrower and your lungs get less air. This can cause wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing, especially early in the morning or at night.

When your asthma symptoms become worse than usual, it`s called an asthma attack. In a severe asthma attack, the airways can close so much that your vital organs do not get enough oxygen. People can die from severe asthma attacks.

Asthma is treated with two kinds of medicines: quick-relief medicines to stop asthma symptoms and long-term control medicines to prevent symptoms.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A chronic disease in which the bronchial airways in the lungs become narrowed and swollen, making it difficult to breathe. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, and rapid breathing. An attack may be brought on by pet hair, dust, smoke, pollen, mold, exercise, cold air, or stress.
NCI

A chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways.
NCI

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astma z námahy

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
MSH

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astigmatismus

Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

optical defect in which refractive power is not uniform in all directions (meridians); light rays entering the eye are bent unequally by different meridians, which prevents formation of a sharp image focus on the retina.
CSP

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adstringencia

Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.
MSH

With a binding, contracting action on mucous membranes, skin, and other tissues, Astringent substances reduce irritation and inflammation; create a barrier against infection; help wounds and burns to heal; arrest secretion; and control bleeding. (NCI04)
NCI

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astrocyty

A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system – the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes (from “star” cells) are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with “end feet” which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and “reactive astrocytes” (along with MICROGLIA) respond to injury.
MSH

neuroglial CNS cells of ectodermal origin characterized by fibrous, protoplasmic, or plasmatofibrous processes.
CSP

A large, star-shaped cell that holds nerve cells in place and helps them develop and work the way they should. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell.
NCI

The largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with “end feet” which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the blood brain barrier. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and “reactive astrocytes” (along with microglia) respond to injury. Astrocytes have high- affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitter, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is not well understood. (MeSH)
NCI

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astrocytom

Neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord derived from glial cells which vary from histologically benign forms to highly anaplastic and malignant tumors. Fibrillary astrocytomas are the most common type and may be classified in order of increasing malignancy (grades I through IV). In the first two decades of life, astrocytomas tend to originate in the cerebellar hemispheres; in adults, they most frequently arise in the cerebrum and frequently undergo malignant transformation. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2013-7; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1082)
MSH

neoplasms composed of astrocytes of the brain and spinal cord derived from glial cells which vary from histologically benign forms to highly anaplastic and malignant tumors.
CSP

A tumor of the brain or spinal cord showing astrocytic differentiation. It includes the following clinicopathological entities: pilocytic astrocytoma, diffuse astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma.
NCI

A tumor that begins in the brain or spinal cord in small, star-shaped cells called astrocytes.
NCI

a kind of brain tumor
CHV

A glial tumor of the brain or spinal cord showing astrocytic differentiation. It includes the following clinicopathological entities: pilocytic astrocytoma, diffuse astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, and glioblastoma.
NCI

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