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pohlavní orgány

The external and internal organs related to reproduction.
MSH

The external sex organs.
NCI

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pohlavní orgány ženské

The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN`S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
MSH

The external female sexual organs.
NCI

Female internal and external organs of reproduction.
NCI

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pohlavní orgány mužské

The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).
MSH

The external male sexual organs.
NCI

Male internal and external organs of reproduction.
NCI

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genom

The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
MSH

complete gene complement of an organism, contained in a set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, or a single chromosome in bacteria; can also mean the DNA or RNA molecule in viruses.
CSP

The complete genetic material of an organism.
NCI

a complete collection of genetic information
CHV

The complete genomic content of an organism, and possibly the full DNA sequence of that organism. It is contained in a set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, a single chromosome in bacteria, or a DNA or RNA molecule in viruses.
NCI

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genom lidský

The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
MSH

The total gene complement, about 3 billion base pairs of DNA, contained in the human chromosomes.
NCI

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genomová knihovna

A form of GENE LIBRARY containing the complete DNA sequences present in the genome of a given organism. It contrasts with a cDNA library which contains only sequences utilized in protein coding (lacking introns).
MSH

A collection of DNA molecules, derived from restriction fragments that have been cloned in vectors, that includes all or part of the genetic material of an organism. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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genotyp

The genetic constitution of the individual comprised of the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
MSH

entire genetic constitution of an individual; the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
CSP

At its broadest level, genotype includes the entire genetic constitution of an individual. It is often applied more narrowly to the set of alleles present at one or more specific loci.
NCI

The genetic constitution of an organism or cell, as distinct from its expressed features or phenotype.
NCI

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gentamiciny

A complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, Gentamicins C1, C2, and C1(subA), obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit protein synthesis (GENETIC TRANSLATION).
MSH

complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species; broad-spectrum antibiotics; may cause ear and kidney damage; they act to inhibit protein synthesis.
CSP

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A broad – aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. Gentamicin is an antibiotic complex consisting of four major (C1, C1a, C2, and C2a) and several minor components. This agent irreversibly binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit. Specifically, this antibiotic is lodged between 16S rRNA and S12 protein within the 30S subunit. This leads to interference with translational initiation complex, misreading of mRNA, thereby hampering protein synthesis and resulting in bactericidal effect. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
NCI

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Gentiana

A plant genus of the family GENTIANACEAE. Members contain secoiridoids.
MSH

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genciánová violeť

A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
MSH

A blue dye, extracted from plant of genus Gentiana, used in topical solution with antifungal and antimitotic properties. Gentian violet (GV) dissociates into positive (GV+) and negative ions (Cl-) that penetrate both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial cells. The GV+ interacts with negatively charged components of the bacterial cell wall including lipopolysaccharides, peptidoglycan and DNA. This agent is a mutagen and mitotic poison, thereby inhibits cell growth. GV elicits a photodynamic action mediated by a free-radical mechanism. Furthermore, this agent dissipates action potential on the bacterial mitochondrial membrane by inducing permeability, thereby leading to respiratory inhibition and subsequent cell death.
NCI

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gentisáty

Salts and esters of gentisic acid.
MSH

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zeměpisné pojmy

header term for any geographic location; for D43 grants, and R03 TW grants (Fogarty International Center awards), index specific country when possible.
CSP

All of the continents and every country situated within, the UNITED STATES and each of the constituent states arranged by region, CANADA and each of its provinces, AUSTRALIA and each of its states, the major bodies of water and major islands on both hemispheres, and selected major cities. Although the geographic locations are not printed in INDEX MEDICUS as main headings, in indexing they are significant in epidemiologic studies and historical articles and for locating administrative units in education and the delivery of health care.
MSH

Any demarcated area of the Earth; may be determined by both natural and human boundaries.
NCI

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zeměpis

The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

The science that deals with the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of the earth, including its structure, features, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is inhabited. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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geologie

The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

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Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt form of oxytetracycline, a tetracycline derivative produced by Streptomyces rimosus exhibiting antimicrobial activity. Oxytetracycline hydrochloride interferes with binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex, thereby preventing peptide elongation and inhibiting protein synthesis. It is often used to treat skin conditions.
NCI

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Georgia

A state in the southeastern United States. Its capital is Atlanta.
NCI

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Gruzie

A country in Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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geotrichóza

Infection due to the fungus Geotrichum.
MSH

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Geotrichum

A mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungal genus, various species of which have been isolated from pulmonary lesions. Teleomorphs include Dipodascus and Galactomyces.
MSH

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Gerbillinae

A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.
MSH

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Gerbils

A small mammal belonging to the Gerbillinae subfamily, this omnivorous rodent grows to be 6-12 inches in length, with the tail making up approximately half of its total length. The most common spontaneous tumors that form in gerbils are ovarian tumors and skin carcinomas of the ears, feet, mid-abdomen, and tail base. The average gestational period of the gerbil embryo is 35 days and the gerbil has a life span of 3-4 years. Gerbils are docile, social creatures and can be housed as pairs or in groups of three.
NCI

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geriatrický odhad

Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
MSH

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geriatrické zubní lékařství

The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.
MSH

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geriatrické ošetřovatelství

Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
MSH

nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes or psychiatric institutions.
CSP

Nursing practices for older age individuals
NCI

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geriatrická psychiatrie

A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.
MSH

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geriatrie

The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
MSH

The branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to elderly people.
NCI

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zárodečné buňky

The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.
MSH

reproductive cells in multicellular organisms.
CSP

Nucleated cell which has a haploid set (23 pairs) of chromosomes.Haploid nucleated cell
FMA

A reproductive cell of the body. Germ cells are egg cells in females and sperm cells in males.
NCI

Nucleated cell which has or pre-determined to have a haploid set (23 pairs) of chromosomes.
UWDA

Gametes, also known as sex cells or germ cells, are the cells that come together during fertilization or conception in organisms that reproduce sexually. Their genetic complement consists of a single set of unpaired chromosomes.
NCI

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zárodečné listy

The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.
MSH

one of the three layers of primodial cells comprising the early embryo, formed during gastrulation.
CSP

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gnotobiologické modely

Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
MSH

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germanium

A rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance and atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.63.
MSH

rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance, atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.59.
CSP

a kind of chemical element
CHV

An element with atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.64.
NCI

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