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kostní dřeň

The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
MSH

soft tissue filling the cavities of bones; exists in two types, yellow and red; yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells; red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes; bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
CSP

The soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones. It produces white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
NCI

The tissue occupying the spaces of bone. It consists of blood vessel sinuses and a network of hematopoietic cells which give rise to the red cells, white cells, and megakaryocytes. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue occupying the spaces of bone. It consists of blood vessel sinuses and a network of hematopoietic cells which give rise to the red cells, white cells, and megakaryocytes.
NCI

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Biopsie kostní dřeně

A procedure in which a small sample of bone with bone marrow inside it is removed, usually from the hip bone. A small area of skin and the surface of the bone underneath are numbed with an anesthetic. Then, a special, wide needle is pushed into the bone and rotated to remove a sample of bone with the bone marrow inside it. The sample is sent to a laboratory to be looked at under a microscope. This procedure may be done at the same time as a bone marrow aspiration.
NCI

A biopsy involving the removal of a core tissue containing bone spicules and hematopoietic elements embedded in the marrow stroma. This procedure is done in the hip area mainly for the diagnosis and evaluation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic hematopoietic disorders (e.g. anemias, leukemias, lymphomas) and the evaluation of the spread of solid tumors (e.g. carcinomas, sarcomas) and lymphomas for therapeutic purposes.
NCI

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buňky dřeně kostní

Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
MSH

Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells, stromal cells, mega karyocytes, and the immediate precursors of most blood cells. (MeSH)
NCI

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kostní dřeň – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the bone marrow.
CSP

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting.

If you have a bone marrow disease, there are problems with the stem cells or how they develop. Leukemia is a cancer in which the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. With aplastic anemia, the bone marrow doesn`t make red blood cells. Other diseases, such as lymphoma, can spread into the bone marrow and affect the production of blood cells. Other causes of bone marrow disorders include your genetic makeup and environmental factors.

Symptoms of bone marrow diseases vary. Treatments depend on the disorder and how severe it is. They might involve medicines, blood transfusions or a bone marrow transplant.


MEDLINEPLUS

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kostní dřeň – vyšetřování

Removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histologic picture.
MSH

removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histology.
CSP

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transplantace kostní dřeně

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
MSH

transference of bone marrow within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

procedure to replace bone marrow that has been destroyed by treatment with high doses of anticancer drugs or radiation. Transplantation may be autologous (an individual`s own marrow saved before treatment), allogeneic (marrow donated by someone else), or syngeneic (marrow donated by an identical twin).
NCI

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting.

If there is a problem with your bone marrow, a transplant can give you healthy new marrow. You could need a transplant because of a disease, such as bone marrow diseases or cancers like leukemia or lymphoma. Or you might need one if a strong cancer treatment kills your healthy blood cells.

People with cancer sometimes donate bone marrow before treatment to be transplanted later. But often the new marrow comes from a donor, either a close family member or someone unrelated.


MEDLINEPLUS

A procedure to replace diseased or pathologic bone marrow with transplanted healthy bone marrow cells.
NCI

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kosti – nádory

Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
MSH

new abnormal bone tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific bones.
CSP

A benign or malignant (primary or metastatic) tumor involving the bone. Common malignant tumor types involving the bones are metastatic carcinomas and sarcomas. — 2003
NCI

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kostní destičky

Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

metal bar with perforations for the insertion of screws; used to immobilize fractured bone segments.
CSP

A bone plate is a metal device intended to stabilize fractured bone structures in the oral cavity. The bone segments are attached to the plate with screws to prevent movement of the segments.
SPN

a metal device used to fix bone fracture
CHV

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kosti – regenerace

Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
MSH

renewal or repair of lost bone tissue.
CSP

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kosti – resorpce

Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
MSH

The process in which specialized cells known as osteoclasts degrade the organic and inorganic portions of bone, and endocytose and transport the degradation products. [GOC:mah, PMID:10968780]
GO

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kostní šrouby

A smooth or threaded metallic bone fixation fastener is a device intended to be implanted that consists of a stiff wire segment or rod made of alloys, such as cobalt-chromium-molybdenum and stainless steel, and that may be smooth on the outside, fully or partially threaded, straight or U-shaped; and may be either blunt pointed, sharp pointed, or have a formed, slotted head on the end. It may be used for fixation of bone fractures, for bone reconstructions, as a guide pin for insertion of other implants, or it may be implanted through the skin so that a pulling force (traction) may be applied to the skeletal system.
SPN

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kosti – transplantace

The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
MSH

transference of a bony tissue or bones, within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

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kostní dráty

Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
MSH

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kyselina bongkreková

An antibiotic produced by Pseudomonas cocovenenans. It is an inhibitor of MITOCHONDRIAL ADP, ATP TRANSLOCASES. Specifically, it blocks adenine nucleotide efflux from mitochondria by enhancing membrane binding.
MSH

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knihovnické třídění

A general term covering bibliographical and bibliothecal classifications. It mostly refers to library CLASSIFICATION for arrangement of books and documents on the shelves. (Harrod`s Librarians` Glossary, 7th ed, p85)
MSH

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polygrafie

The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing books. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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recenze

Works consisting of critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
MSH

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knihy

long written or printed literary composition.
CSP

A volume made up of pages fastened along one edge and enclosed between protective covers. (from American Heritage Dictionary)
NCI

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knihy ilustrované

Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
MSH

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borany

The collective name for the boron hydrides, which are analogous to the alkanes and silanes. Numerous boranes are known. Some have high calorific values and are used in high-energy fuels. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

any of a series of boron hydrides based on the BH3 unit.
CSP

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boritany

Inorganic or organic salts and esters of boric acid.
MSH

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border disease

Congenital disorder of lambs caused by a virus closely related to or identical with certain strains of bovine viral diarrhea virus.
MSH

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hraniční porucha osobnosti

A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
MSH

severe personality disorder that develops in early childhood; characterized by a lack of control of anger, intense and frequent mood changes, impulsive acts, disturbed interpersonal relationships, and life-threatening behaviors.
CSP

A serious mental illness marked by unstable moods and impulsive behavior. People with BPD have problems with relationships, family and work life, long-term planning, and self-identity. Symptoms include intense bouts of anger, depression, and anxiety that may lead to self-injury or suicide, drug or alcohol abuse, excessive spending, binge eating, or risky sex. A person with BPD who is diagnosed with cancer may be at an increased risk of suicide.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of unstable self-image and mood together with volatile interpersonal relationships, self-damaging impulsivity, recurrent suicidal threats or gestures and/or self-mutilating behavior.
NCI

Borderline personality disorder. A serious mental illness marked by unstable moods and impulsive behavior. People with BPD have problems with relationships, family and work life, long-term planning, and self-identity. Symptoms include intense bouts of anger, depression, and anxiety that may lead to self-injury or suicide, drug or alcohol abuse, excessive spending, binge eating, or risky sex. A person with BPD who is diagnosed with cancer may be at an increased risk of suicide.
NCI

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Bordetella

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria whose cells are minute coccobacilli. It consists of both parasitic and pathogenic species.
MSH

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Bordetella genus level.
NCI

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Bordetella – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus BORDETELLA.
MSH

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Bordetella pertussis

species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of whooping cough; its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
MSH

A species of bacteria within the phylum Proteobacteria consisting of gram-negative aerobic coccobacillus that are the causative agent of pertussis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Bordetella pertussis.
NCI

bacteria causing pertussis
CHV

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nuda

A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.
MSH

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boric acid

borates; derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.
CSP

A weakly acidic hydrate of boric oxide with mild antiseptic, antifungal, and antiviral properties. The exact mechanism of action of boric acid is unknown; generally cytotoxic to all cells. It is used in the treatment of yeast infections and cold sores.
NCI

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kyseliny borité

Inorganic and organic derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.
MSH

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kyseliny borinové

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain the general structure R2B(OH).
MSH

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