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bornaská nemoc

An encephalomyelitis of horses, sheep and cattle caused by BORNA DISEASE VIRUS.
MSH

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virus bornaské nemoci

A species in the genus Bornavirus, family BORNAVIRIDAE, causing a rare and usually fatal encephalitic disease in horses and other domestic animals and possibly deer. Its name derives from the city in Saxony where the condition was first described in 1894, but the disease occurs in Europe, N. Africa, and the Near East.
MSH

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Borneo

An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
MSH

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borohydridy

A class of inorganic or organic compounds that contain the borohydride (BH4-) anion.
MSH

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bor

A trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight [10.806; 10.821]. Boron-10, an isotope of boron, is used as a neutron absorber in BORON NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY.
MSH

highly reactive nonmetallic trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight 10.81; boron 10 is a stable isotope that emits gamma rays after neutron capture and is used in radiation detectors.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight 11.
NCI

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bor – sloučeniny

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain boron as an integral part of the molecule.
MSH

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kyseliny borové

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain the basic structure RB(OH)2.
MSH

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Borrelia

causes borreliosis in man; helical rod with 3-10 coarse uneven coils and bent or hooked ends; gram negative; unique motility by a flexing motion of the cell; transmited to man by the human louse or various species of ticks.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, helical bacteria, various species of which produce RELAPSING FEVER in humans and other animals.
MSH

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Borrelia genus level.
NCI

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Borrelia burgdorferi

A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.
MSH

A species of bacteria within the phylum Spirochaetes that is the causative agent of Lyme disease.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Borrelia burgdorferi.
NCI

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Borrelia – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus BORRELIA.
MSH

series of infections caused by Borrelia spp.; characterized by a fever lasting 4 days and then suddenly ending; relapses become progressively milder.
CSP

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Bosna a Hercegovina

A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, “current”; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).
MSH

A country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia. (NCI)
NCI

country of eastern Europe, created in 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia, capital Sarajevo.
CSP

A country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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botanika

The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
MSH

Botany; the branch of biology that studies plants.
NCI

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Botrytis

A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
MSH

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Botswana

A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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krmení lahví

Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
MSH

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botulinový antitoxin

Antiserum given therapeutically in BOTULISM.
MSH

botulinum antitoxin


HL7V3.0

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botulotoxiny typ A

A serotype of botulinum toxins that has specificity for cleavage of SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25.
MSH

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botulotoxiny

Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.
MSH

toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum; there are at least seven different substances, most being proteins; they have neuro-, entero-, and hemotoxic properties, are immunogenic, and are among the most potent poisons known; used medically to block release of acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses.
CSP

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botulismus

A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
MSH

disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, which interfere with the presynaptic release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction; clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute paralysis, blurred vision and diplopia; botulism may be classified into several subtypes such as food borne, infant, wound, and others.
CSP

Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, which occurs in soil. It produces a toxin that affects your nerves. There are three kinds of botulism. Foodborne botulism comes from eating foods contaminated with the toxin. Wounds infected with toxin-producing bacteria result in wound botulism. Infant botulism is caused by consuming the spores of the bacteria, usually from honey. All three forms can be deadly and are medical emergencies.

Symptoms include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth and muscle weakness. Treatment may include antitoxins, intensive medical care or surgery of infected wounds.

To prevent botulism:

  • Be very careful when canning foods at home
  • Do not let babies eat honey
  • Get prompt medical care for infected wounds

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A serious bacterial infection caused by botulinum toxin which is produced by Clostridium botulinum. Patients are infected usually by ingestion of contaminated food or wound contamination. It leads to muscle paralysis which may result in respiratory failure.
NCI

a neurologic disease caused by the toxin of the bacteria called Clostridium botulinum
CHV

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horečka boutonneuse

A febrile disease of the Mediterranean area, the Crimea, Africa, and India, caused by infection with RICKETTSIA CONORII.
MSH

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viry bovinní diarey

A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
MSH

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virus bovinní leukémie

The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
MSH

causes leukemia; cattle, sheep, and goats can be experimentally infected.
CSP

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Bovine papillomavirus

causes papillomas on the head and neck and in the mouth and esophagus; injection into hamsters and mice produces fibrosarcomas.
CSP

A group of double-stranded DNA viruses that cause warts on the skin and alimentary track of cattle and other mammals.
NCI

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virus bovinní herpetické mamilitidy

A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing mammillitis in cattle in Great Britain and South Africa.
MSH

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bovinní diarea

Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
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Bowenova nemoc

A persistent progressive non-elevated red scaly or crusted plaque which is due to an intradermal carcinoma and is potentially malignant. Atypical squamous cells proliferate through the whole thickness of the epidermis. The lesions may occur anywhere on the skin surface or on mucosal surfaces. The cause most frequently found is trivalent arsenic compounds. Freezing, cauterization or diathermy coagulation is often effective. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, pp2428-9)
MSH

A form of squamous cell carcinoma in situ. It is a distinct clinicopathological entity and arises from the skin or the mucocutaneous junction. It affects predominantly white males in their 6-8th decades of life. Exposed and non-exposed skin sites are equally affected. UV damage and ingestion of inorganic arsenic may play a role in the development of the disease. On the skin surface, it presents as a single or multiple erythematous, scaly, keratotic patches or plaques. The clinical entity of erythroplasia of Queyrat is regarded as Bowen disease of the penis and it presents as an asymptomatic, red, circumscribed plaque. Morphologically, Bowen disease is characterized by the presence of hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, dyskeratosis, and acanthosis. The keratotic squamous cells are atypical and display hyperchromatism and abnormal mitotic figures. The dermoepidermal basement membrane is intact. Complete surgical removal of the lesion may be curative.
NCI

A skin disease marked by scaly or thickened patches on the skin and often caused by prolonged exposure to arsenic. The patches often occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin and in older white men. These patches may become malignant (cancer).
NCI

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box

A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.
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výztuhy

Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

An orthopedic device used to support a moveable body part.
NCI

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arteria brachialis

The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
MSH

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries. (NCI)
NCI

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries.
NCI

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plexus brachialis

The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.
MSH

A network of nerves that sends signals from the spine to the arm and hand.
NCI

A nerve network originating from C5 to T1 that supplies cutaneous and muscular innervation to the arm and hand. (NCI)
NCI

a network of the nerves around the neck
CHV

A nerve network originating from C5 to T1 that supplies cutaneous and muscular innervation to the arm and hand.
NCI

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