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ergotaminy

A series of structurally-related alkaloids containing the ergotaman backbone structure.
MSH

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ergothionein

A naturally occurring metabolite of HISTIDINE that has antioxidant properties.
MSH

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ergotismus

Poisoning caused by ingesting ergotized grain or by the misdirected or excessive use of ergot as a medicine.
MSH

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Eritrea

A country of eastern Africa, west of the Red Sea, bordered west and northwest by SUDAN, and south by ETHIOPIA. Its capital is Asmara.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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erotická literatura

Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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kyseliny erukové

cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.
MSH

A class of monounsaturated fatty acids with 22 carbons.
NCI

A monounsaturated very long-chain fatty acid with a 22-carbon backbone and a single double bond originating from either the 3rd, 7th, 9th, 11th or 17th positions from the methyl end.
NCI

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říhání

The ejection of gas or air through the mouth from the stomach.
MSH

To belch, the casting of upwind from the stomach.
NCI

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Erwinia

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are associated with plants as pathogens, saprophytes, or as constituents of the epiphytic flora.
MSH

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erysipel

An acute infection of the skin caused by species of STREPTOCOCCUS. This disease most frequently affects infants, young children, and the elderly. Characteristics include pink-to-red lesions that spread rapidly and are warm to the touch. The commonest site of involvement is the face.
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Erysipelothrix

A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that has a tendency to form long filaments. Its organisms are widely distributed in nature and are found in MAMMALS; BIRDS; and FISHES. Erysipelothrix may appear gram-negative because they decolorize easily.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Erysipelotrichaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Erysipelothrix genus level.
NCI

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Erysipelothrix – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus ERYSIPELOTHRIX.
MSH

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Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This species is nonsporulating, not acid fast, decolorizes rapidly so may appear Gram negative, alpha-hemolytic and catalase and oxidase negative. E. rhusiopathiae is found in a variety of host animals including fish and swine as well as in feces and sewage. It is pathogenic in a variety of organisms including domestic swine and humans, causing both cutaneous and septicemic infections and the disease swine erysipelas.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
NCI

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erythema chronicum migrans

A deep type of gyrate erythema that follows a bite by an ixodid tick; it is a stage-1 manifestation of LYME DISEASE. The site of the bite is characterized by a red papule that expands peripherally as a nonscaling, palpable band that clears centrally. This condition is often associated with systemic symptoms such as chills, fever, headache, malaise, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, backache, and stiff neck.
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erythema induratum

A type of panniculitis characterized histologically by the presence of granulomas, vasculitis, and necrosis. It is traditionally considered to be the tuberculous counterpart of nodular vasculitis, but is now known to occur without tuberculous precedent. It is seen most commonly in adolescent and menopausal women, is initiated or exacerbated by cold weather, and typically presents as one or more recurrent erythrocyanotic nodules or plaques on the calves. The nodules may progress to form indurations, ulcerations, and scars.
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erythema multiforme

A skin and mucous membrane disease characterized by an eruption of macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and/or bullae with characteristic “bull`s-eye” lesions usually occurring on the dorsal aspect of the hands and forearms.
MSH

skin and mucous membrane disease characterized by an eruption of macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and/or bullae with characteristic bull`s-eye lesions usually occurring on the dorsal aspect of the hands and forearms.
CSP

A disorder characterized by target lesions (a pink-red ring around a pale center).
NCI

A hypersensitivity reaction characterized by the sudden appearance of symmetrical cutaneous and mucocutaneous macular or popular lesions which evolve into lesions with bright red borders (target lesions). The lesions usually appear in the hands, feet, extremities, and face. Symptoms include fever, malaise, sore throat, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, arthalgia, and myalgia. Causes include infections (most commonly herpes simplex virus), drugs (e.g., sulfonamides, anticonvulsants, and antibiotics), malignancies, and collagen vascular disorders.
NCI

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erythema nodosum

An erythematous eruption commonly associated with drug reactions or infection and characterized by inflammatory nodules that are usually tender, multiple, and bilateral. These nodules are located predominantly on the shins with less common occurrence on the thighs and forearms. They undergo characteristic color changes ending in temporary bruise-like areas. This condition usually subsides in 3-6 weeks without scarring or atrophy.
MSH

erythematous eruption commonly associated with drug reactions or infection and characterized by inflammatory nodules that are usually tender, multiple, and bilateral; these nodules are located predominantly on the shins with less common occurrence on the thighs and forearms; they undergo characteristic color changes ending in temporary bruise-like areas; this condition usually subsides in 3-6 weeks without scarring or atrophy.
CSP

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erytrazma

A chronic bacterial infection of major folds of the skin, caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum.
MSH

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Erythrina

A genus of leguminous shrubs or trees, mainly tropical, yielding certain alkaloids, lectins, and other useful compounds.
MSH

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erythritol

A four-carbon sugar that is found in algae, fungi, and lichens. It is twice as sweet as sucrose and can be used as a coronary vasodilator.
MSH

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erythrityltetranitrát

A vasodilator with general properties similar to NITROGLYCERIN. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1020)
MSH

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virus ptačí erytroblastózy

A defective avian leukemia virus in the family ALPHARETROVIRUS, causing progressive anemia and weakness in domestic and wild fowl.
MSH

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erytroblastóza fetální

A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
MSH

hemolytic anemia of the fetus or newborn caused by transplacental transmission of maternally formed antibody, usually secondary to an incompatibility between the blood groups of mother and offspring.
CSP

A disorder caused when there is a Rh-factor blood-type incompatibility between the mother and fetus, and the mother`s immune system forms antibodies that attack the red blood cells of her unborn child. This disorder can only occur if the mother is Rh-negative and the fetus is Rh-positive.
NCI

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erytroblasty

Immature, nucleated ERYTHROCYTES occupying the stage of ERYTHROPOIESIS that follows formation of ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS and precedes formation of RETICULOCYTES. The normal series is called normoblasts. Cells called MEGALOBLASTS are a pathologic series of erythroblasts.
MSH

Red blood cells that are at the last stage of development, still containing a nucleus, that are found in the bone marrow and occasionally in the peripheral blood.
NCI

An immature, nucleated erythrocyte occupying the stage of erythropoiesis that follows formation of erythroid progenitor cells and precedes formation of reticulocytes.
NCI

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Erythrocebus patas

A species of the genus ERYTHROCEBUS, subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE. It inhabits the flat open arid country of Africa. It is also known as the patas monkey or the red monkey.
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erythrokruoriny

High molecular weight (1,500,000 to 3,000,000) hemoglobins found in the plasma of many polychete and oligochete annelid worms and various mollusks. They bind one mole of oxygen per heme and function as oxygen carriers.
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erytrocyty – agregace

The formation of clumps of RED BLOOD CELLS under low or non-flow conditions, resulting from the attraction forces between the red blood cells. The cells adhere to each other in rouleaux aggregates. Slight mechanical force, such as occurs in the circulation, is enough to disperse these aggregates. Stronger or weaker than normal aggregation may result from a variety of effects in the ERYTHROCYTE MEMBRANE or in BLOOD PLASMA. The degree of aggregation is affected by ERYTHROCYTE DEFORMABILITY, erythrocyte membrane sialylation, masking of negative surface charge by plasma proteins, etc. BLOOD VISCOSITY and the ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE are affected by the amount of erythrocyte aggregation and are parameters used to measure the aggregation.
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erytrocyty – agregace intravaskulární

Clumping of ERYTHROCYTES, in vivo, in intact blood vessels. Increased and/or abnormal aggregation may lead to impairment of MICROCIRCULATION (blood sludging and THROMBUS formation) and development of VASCULAR DISEASES.
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erytrocyty – stárnutí

The senescence of RED BLOOD CELLS. Lacking the organelles that make protein synthesis possible, the mature erythrocyte is incapable of self-repair, reproduction, and carrying out certain functions performed by other cells. This limits the average life span of an erythrocyte to 120 days.
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erytrocyty – počet

The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
MSH

number of red blood cells per unit volume in a sample of venous blood.
CSP

The determination of the number of erythrocytes in a blood sample.
NCI

A measurement of the total erythrocytes in a biological specimen.
NCI

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erytrocyty – měnlivost tvaru

Ability of ERYTHROCYTES to change shape as they pass through narrow spaces, such as the microvasculature.
MSH

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