Additional pages

Německo

central European country bordering on the North and Baltic Seas, capital Berlin.
CSP

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Germany


HL7V3.0

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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germinové octany

Germine derivatives acetylated on any one or more of the hydroxy groups. These compounds are present in many polyester alkaloids which occur in Veratrum and Zygadenus species. They are used as antihypertensive agents, and in some cases, exhibit curare-like activity.
MSH

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Gerstmannův syndrom

A disorder of cognition characterized by the tetrad of finger agnosia, dysgraphia, DYSCALCULIA, and right-left disorientation. The syndrome may be developmental or acquired. Acquired Gerstmann syndrome is associated with lesions in the dominant (usually left) PARIETAL LOBE which involve the angular gyrus or subjacent white matter. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p457)
MSH

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Gerstmannova-Strausslerova-Scheinkerova nemoc

An autosomal dominant familial prion disease with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations including ATAXIA, spastic paraparesis, extrapyramidal signs, and DEMENTIA. Clinical onset is in the third to sixth decade of life and the mean duration of illness prior to death is five years. Several kindreds with variable clinical and pathologic features have been described. Pathologic features include cerebral prion protein amyloidosis, and spongiform or neurofibrillary degeneration. (From Brain Pathol 1998 Jul;8(3):499-513; Brain Pathol 1995 Jan;5(1):61-75)
MSH

A very rare and fatal disorder of spongiform encephalopathy usually caused by mutations of the prion protein (PRNP) gene. It is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid in the brain. Signs and symptoms include lack of motor coordination, unsteady gait, and difficulty walking. As the disease progresses, patients develop speech difficulties and dementia.
NCI

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gestalt teorie

A system which emphasizes that experience and behavior contain basic patterns and relationships which cannot be reduced to simpler components; that is, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
MSH

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gestalt terapie

A form of psychotherapy with emphasis on the interplay of organism and environment. Basic to this therapy is the development of awareness and maturity, as well as self-confidence.
MSH

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gestační věk

The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
MSH

age of the conceptus; in humans, this may be assessed by medical history, physical examination, early immunologic pregnancy tests, radiography, ultrasonography, and amniotic fluid analysis.
CSP

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gestonoronkaproát

A long-acting potent progestogen structurally related to PROGESTERONE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1185)
MSH

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gestrinon

A non-estrogenic contraceptive which is a weak progestin with strong anti-progesterone properties. It is effective if used once a week orally or can also be used in intravaginal devices.
MSH

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gesta

Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
MSH

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Ghana

A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d`Ivoire and Togo. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d`Ivoire and Togo. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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nádory obrovskobuněčné

Tumors of bone tissue or synovial or other soft tissue characterized by the presence of giant cells. The most common are giant cell tumor of tendon sheath and GIANT CELL TUMOR OF BONE.
MSH

A benign or malignant connective and soft tissue tumor, characterized by the presence of multinucleated osteoclast-like giant cells. Representative examples include the giant cell tumor of bone and the giant cell tumor of tendon sheath.
NCI

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obrovské buňky

Multinucleated masses produced by the fusion of many cells; often associated with viral infections. In AIDS, they are induced when the envelope glycoprotein of the HIV virus binds to the CD4 antigen of uninfected neighboring T4 cells. The resulting syncytium leads to cell death and thus may account for the cytopathic effect of the virus.
MSH

A large cell-like structure formed by the joining together of two or more cells. The plural is syncytia.
NCI

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obrovské buňky s cizími tělesy

Multinucleated cells (fused macrophages), characteristic of granulomatous inflammation, which form around exogenous material in the skin. They are similar in appearance to Langhans giant cells (GIANT CELLS, LANGHANS), but foreign-body giant cells have more abundant chromatin and their nuclei are scattered in an irregular pattern in the cytoplasm.
MSH

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Langhansovy obrovské buňky

Multinucleated cells (fused macrophages) seen in granulomatous inflammations such as tuberculosis, syphilis, sarcoidosis, and deep fungal infections. They resemble foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN BODY) but Langhans giant cells contain less chromatin and their nuclei are arranged peripherally in a horseshoe-shaped pattern. Langhans giant cells occur frequently in delayed hypersensitivity.
MSH

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hyperplazie velkých lymfatických uzlin

Large benign, hyperplastic lymph nodes. The more common hyaline vascular subtype is characterized by small hyaline vascular follicles and interfollicular capillary proliferations. Plasma cells are often present and represent another subtype with the plasma cells containing IgM and IMMUNOGLOBULIN A.
MSH

A rare disorder in which growths that are benign (not cancer) develop in lymph node tissue.
NCI

A disorder characterized by lymphoid hyperplasia in the lymph nodes. There are two histologic variants recognized: the hyaline-vascular type and the plasma cell type. In the hyaline vascular type there are hyalinized vessels present in the lymphoid follicles. In the plasma cell type there is pronounced plasma cell proliferation. Clinically, the disease may be localized; manifested with localized lymphadenopathy, or multicentric; manifested with generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, organomegaly, and sometimes POEMS syndrome. In contrast to patients with localized disease who are usually cured following resection of the lesion, patients with the multicentric form of the disease may follow a progressive clinical course, complicated by infection, Kaposi sarcoma or lymphoma.
NCI

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Giardia

genus in the Diplomonadida order; flagellate intestinal protozoa parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans; characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.
CSP

A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.
MSH

A genus of parasitic protozoa that is the cause of giardiasis.
NCI

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Giardia lamblia

A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.
MSH

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giardióza

An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.
MSH

infection of the small intestine caused by the flagellated protozoan Giardia lamlia; spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person to person contact.
CSP

small bowel infection caused by a parasite named giardia lamblia
CHV

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Gibberella

A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Hypocreaceae, order Hypocreales including several pathogens of grains and cereals. It is also the source of plant growth regulators such as gibberellin and gibberellic acid.
MSH

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gibereliny

A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.
MSH

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Gibraltar

A dependency in Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, on the southern coast of Spain. (NCI)
NCI

A dependency in Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, on the southern coast of Spain. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Giemsa barvivo

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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gigantismus

The condition of accelerated and excessive GROWTH in children or adolescents who are exposed to excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE before the closure of EPIPHYSES. It is usually caused by somatotroph hyperplasia or a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. These patients are of abnormally tall stature, more than 3 standard deviations above normal mean height for age.
MSH

condition of abnormal overgrowth or excessive size of the whole body or any of its parts.
CSP

A clinical finding indicating abnormal and excessive body growth and height resulting from the overproduction of human growth hormone.
NCI

A condition in which the whole body or any of its parts grow much larger than normal.
NCI

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Kiribati

A group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (NCI)
NCI

The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati.
MSH

A group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Gilbertova nemoc

A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.
MSH

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, resulting in harmless intermittent jaundice.
NCI

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žábry

respiratory structure of all fishes and some other aquatic animals.
CSP

A respiratory organ found in aquatic animals that allows for the exchange of dissolved oxygen from water into the blood stream.
NCI

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gingiva

Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.
MSH

that part of the oral mucosa overlying the crowns of unerupted teeth and encircling the necks of those that have erupted, serving as the supporting structure for subadjacent tissues; formed by pale pink tissue immovably attached to the bone and the teeth, which joins the alveolar mucosa at the mucogingival junction.
CSP

The soft tissue surrounding the neck of individual teeth as well as covering the alveolar bone. The tissue is fibrous and continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue of the upper and lower jaws that surrounds the base of the teeth.
NCI

The soft tissue surrounding the neck of individual teeth as well as covering the alveolar bone. The tissue is fibrous and continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.
NCI

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dásně – nemoci

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the gums or gingiva.
CSP

If you have gum disease, you`re not alone. Many U.S. adults currently have some form of the disease. It ranges from simple gum inflammation, called gingivitis, to serious damage to the tissue and bone supporting the teeth. In the worst cases, you can lose teeth.

In gingivitis, the gums become red and swollen. They can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. You can usually reverse it with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist. Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. If you have periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth and form pockets that become infected. If not treated, the bones, gums and connective tissue that support the teeth are destroyed.

NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research


MEDLINEPLUS

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dásně – exsudát

A fluid occurring in minute amounts in the gingival crevice, believed by some authorities to be an inflammatory exudate and by others to cleanse material from the crevice, containing sticky plasma proteins which improve adhesions of the epithelial attachment, have antimicrobial properties, and exert antibody activity. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
MSH

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