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catgut

Sterile collagen strands obtained from healthy mammals. They are used as absorbable surgical ligatures and are frequently impregnated with chromium or silver for increased strength. They tend to cause tissue reaction.
MSH

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katarze

The release of ideas, thoughts, and repressed material from the unconscious, accompanied by an emotional response and relief. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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purgativa

Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.
MSH

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kathepsin D

An intracellular proteinase found in a variety of tissue. It has specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A. The enzyme is involved in catabolism of cartilage and connective tissue. EC 3.4.23.5. (Formerly EC 3.4.4.23).
MSH

Cathepsin D, encoded by the CTSD Gene, is a lysosomal aspartyl protease composed of a dimer of disulfide-linked heavy and light chains, both produced from a single protein precursor. It has a specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A, decomposing cytoplasmic proteins, cell organelles, collagen, elastase and proteoglycans. Cathepsin D takes part in angiogenesis and activates osteoclasts, and plays a major role in the destruction of bone tissue by cholesteatoma. Transcription of the CTSD gene is initiated from several sites, including one which is a start site for an estrogen-regulated transcript. Mutations in this gene are involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including breast and ovarian cancer, and possibly Alzheimer disease. (From LocusLink, PMID 12185597 and NCI)
NCI

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kathepsiny

A group of lysosomal proteinases or endopeptidases found in aqueous extracts of a variety of animal tissues. They function optimally within an acidic pH range. The cathepsins occur as a variety of enzyme subtypes including SERINE PROTEASES; ASPARTIC PROTEINASES; and CYSTEINE PROTEASES.
MSH

Lysosomal proteinases or endopeptidases that function optimally at an acidic pH to catalyze the hydrolysis of peptidic bonds. Elevated cathepsin enzyme activity in either serum or extracellular matrix is often indicative of pathological conditions such as Alzheimer`s disease, several types of cancer, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
NCI

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katetrizace

Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
MSH

heading term for the use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids; for catheterization with diagnostic purposes use narrower term DIAGNOSTIC CATHETERIZATION; also consider heart or urinary catheterization.
CSP

use or insertion of catheter for therapeutic purposes
CHV

A technique in which a hollow, flexible tube is used to drain body fluids or to introduce fluids into the body, or to examine or widen a narrowed vein or artery.
NCI

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katetrizace centrálních vén

Placement of an intravenous catheter in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein for central venous pressure determination, chemotherapy, hemodialysis, or hyperalimentation.
MSH

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periferní katetrizace

Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
MSH

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Swanova-Ganzova katetrizace

Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.
MSH

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zaváděcí katetry

Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.
MSH

A hollow tube left implanted in a body canal or organ, especially the bladder, to promote drainage. (Dictionary.com)
NCI

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katexe

Attachment, conscious or unconscious, of emotional feeling and significance to an idea, object or most commonly a person.
MSH

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katodové záření

A stream of low-energy ELECTRONS produced in cathode ray tubes.
MSH

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katolictví

The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
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kationtoměniče

High molecular weight insoluble polymers which contain functional anionic groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions with cations.
MSH

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kationty

positively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.
CSP

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kationty dvojmocné

positively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms with a valence of plus 2, which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.
CSP

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kationty jednomocné

Positively charged atoms, radicals or group of atoms with a valence of plus 1, which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.
MSH

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kočky

The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
MSH

The domestic cat, Felis catus.
NCI

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Cattellův faktor osobnosti – dotazník

Self report questionnaire which yields 16 scores on personality traits, such as reserved vs. outgoing, humble vs. assertive, etc.
MSH

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skot

Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
MSH

use to refer to Bos taurus, a domestic bovine animal regardless of sex or age.
CSP

Domesticated ungulates that are raised for beef, dairy products, and leather, and used for labor.
NCI

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skot – nemoci

Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
MSH

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Caucasoid Race

Denotes a person with European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestral origin who identifies, or is identified, as White. Reference: FDA Guidance on Race & Ethnicity ( http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/5656fnl.htm )
NCI

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
NCI

Denotes person with European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestral origin who identifies, or is identified, as White.
NCI

A group distinguished by classification according to physical features. This group, also called Europoid, centers around the Mediterranean Sea but includes other parts of Europe. (from Winick: Dictionary of Anthropology, 1972; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d College ed)
MSH

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cauda equina

The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.
MSH

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nucleus caudatus

elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.
CSP

Nucleus of brain which is an elongated crescent-shaped mass lying parallel and adjacent to the lateral ventricle throughout its extent.
FMA

An elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain. (MeSH)
NCI

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kauzalgie

A complex regional pain syndrome characterized by burning pain and marked sensitivity to touch (HYPERESTHESIA) in the distribution of an injured peripheral nerve. Autonomic dysfunction in the form of sudomotor (i.e., sympathetic innervation to sweat glands), vasomotor, and trophic skin changes may also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1359)
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příčina smrti

Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
MSH

The circumstance or condition that results in the death of a living being.
NCI

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kaustika

Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.
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kauterizace

The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.
MSH

To destroy tissue using a hot or cold instrument, an electrical current, or a chemical that burns or dissolves the tissue. This process may be used to kill certain types of small tumors or to seal off blood vessels to stop bleeding.
NCI

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sinus cavernosus

An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.
MSH

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Tandheelkundige onderlaag

Cavity varnish is a device that consists of a compound intended to coat a prepared cavity of a tooth before insertion of restorative materials. The device is intended to prevent penetration of restorative materials, such as amalgam, into the dentinal tissue.
SPN

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