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Zea mays

any of numerous cultivated forms of a widely grown, usually tall annual cereal grass (Zea mays) bearing grains or kernels on large ears; the grains or kernels of this plant, used as food for humans and livestock or for the extraction of an edible oil or starch; also called Indian corn, maize.
CSP

A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its seed, corn, used as food and animal fodder.
MSH

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kukuřičný olej

Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
MSH

An oil extracted from the germ of corn. Refined corn oil is about 59% polyunsaturated fatty acid, 24% monounsaturated fatty acid, and 13% saturated fatty acid. The main use of corn oil is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes it a useful frying oil.
NCI

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rohovka

The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior.
CSP

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside.
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue. (NCI)
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue.
NCI

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rohovka – nemoci

Diseases of the cornea.
MSH

pathological process affecting the transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye.
CSP

Your cornea is the outermost layer of your eye. It is clear and shaped like a dome. The cornea helps to shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful matter. It also helps your eye to focus. If you wear contact lenses, they float on top of your corneas.

Problems with the cornea include

  • Refractive errors
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Dystrophies – conditions in which parts of the cornea lose clarity due to a buildup of cloudy material

Treatments of corneal disorders include medicines, corneal transplantation and corneal laser surgery.

NIH National Eye Institute


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rohovka – dystrofie dědičné

Bilateral hereditary disorders of the cornea, usually autosomal dominant, which may be present at birth but more frequently develop during adolescence and progress slowly throughout life. Central macular dystrophy is transmitted as an autosomal recessive defect.
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rohovka – edém

An excessive amount of fluid in the cornea due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium causing decreased visual acuity.
MSH

excessive amount of fluid in the transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium, causing decreased visual acuity.
CSP

Hazy, swollen cornea.
NCI

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rohovka – zákal

Disorder occurring in the central or peripheral area of the cornea. The usual degree of transparency becomes relatively opaque.
MSH

clouding that can occur in the transparent part of the coat of the eyeball or cornea, secondary to inflammation, infection or irritant exposure by a foreign body or chemical.
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rohovka – stroma

The lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes.
MSH

lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes.
CSP

The lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes. (MeSH)
NCI

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rohovka – transplantace

Partial or total replacement of the CORNEA from one human or animal to another.
MSH

plastic surgery of the cornea; partial or total replacement of the cornea.
CSP

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BETZURINGOKO ULTZERA(INKL.HERPESA)

loss of epithelial tissue from the surface of the cornea due to progressive erosion and necrosis of the tissue; usually caused by bacterial, fungal, or viral infection.
CSP

Area of epithelial tissue loss from corneal surface; associated with inflammatory cells in the cornea and anterior chamber.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an area of epithelial tissue loss on the surface of the cornea. It is associated with inflammatory cells in the cornea and anterior chamber.
NCI

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Cornellův lékařský index

Self-administered health questionnaire developed to obtain details of the medical history as an adjunct to the medical interview. It consists of 195 questions divided into eighteen sections; the first twelve deal with somatic complaints and the last six with mood and feeling patterns. The Index is used also as a personality inventory or in epidemiologic studies.
MSH

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koronární aneurysma

Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
MSH

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koronární arterioskleróza

Thickening and loss of elasticity of the CORONARY ARTERIES, leading to progressive arterial insufficiency (CORONARY DISEASE).
MSH

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koronární artérie – bypass

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
MSH

surgical procedure creating a bridge between the ascending aorta and one or more of the three major coronary arteries, distal to an obstructive lesion, using autologous tissue transplanted from the saphenous vein.
CSP

Surgery in which a healthy blood vessel taken from another part of the body is used to make a new path for blood around a blocked artery leading to the heart. This restores the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart.
NCI

Surgery performed to bypass partially or completely occluded coronary arteries, thereby increasing the blood supply of the heart.
NCI

If you have coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. If lifestyle changes and medicines don`t help, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery.

The surgery uses a piece of a vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. The surgeon attaches this to the coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass the blockage. Some people need more than one bypass.

You may need bypass surgery for various reasons. Another procedure for CAD, angioplasty, may not have widened the artery enough. In some cases, the angioplasty tube can`t reach the blockage.

A bypass also can close again. This happens in more than 10 percent of bypass surgeries, usually after 10 or more years.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


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koronární jednotky

The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive intensive care.
MSH

advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients with coronary disorders whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring; it is usually administered in specially equipped units of a hospital.
CSP

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koronární oběh

The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
MSH

vessels, supply, and movement of blood through the heart induced by its pumping action.
CSP

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koronární nemoc

An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
MSH

imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the coronary vessels to supply sufficient blood flow.
CSP

Narrowing of the coronary arteries due to fatty deposits inside the arterial walls.
NCI

A disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart). Coronary artery disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis (a build up of fatty material and plaque inside the coronary arteries). The disease may cause chest pain, shortness of breath during exercise, and heart attacks. The risk of coronary artery disease is increased by having a family history of coronary artery disease before age 50, older age, smoking tobacco, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, lack of exercise, and obesity.
NCI

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koronární trombóza

Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
MSH

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koronární vasospasmus

Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.
MSH

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koronární cévy – anomálie

Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
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koronární cévy

The veins and arteries of the HEART.
MSH

veins and arteries of the heart.
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Coronaviridae

a family of RNA viruses; RNA comprises one molecule (+)-sense ssRNA; host range includes man, mouse, pig, dog, cow, and rats; respiratory and fecal/oral transmission; mechanical transmission is also common.
CSP

Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.
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Coronaviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.
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ohledači mrtvol a lékařští vyšetřovatelé

Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.
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corpora allata

Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
MSH

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corpus callosum

Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.
MSH

the main neocortical commissure of the cerebral hemispheres; it is subdivided into a genu, a rostrum, a body, and a splenium.
CSP

A white matter structure within the cleft that separates the left and right cerebral hemispheres in the mammalian brain. It is composed of a wide, flat bundle of 200-250 million axonal projections.
NCI

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corpus luteum

The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
MSH

yellow body derived from the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; luteinization, the process of corpus luteum formation, is regulated by luteinizing hormone.
CSP

A group of cells that remain of the Graafian follicle following ovulation. This structure is composed of endocrine tissue and produces progesterone. This is needed to prepare the uterine lining for implantation by the fertilized egg. (NCI)
NCI

A group of cells that remain of the Graafian follicle following ovulation. This structure is composed of endocrine tissue and produces progesterone. This is needed to prepare the uterine lining for implantation by the fertilized egg.
NCI

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corpus luteum – udržení

Process of maintaining the functions of CORPORA LUTEA, specifically PROGESTERONE production which is regulated primarily by pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in cycling females, and by PLACENTAL HORMONES in pregnant females. The ability to maintain luteal functions is important in PREGNANCY MAINTENANCE.
MSH

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luteolýza

The lysis or structural demise of the corpus luteum. During normal luteolysis, two closely related events occur. First, there is loss of the capacity to synthesize and secrete progesterone (functional luteolysis) followed by loss of the cells that comprise the corpus luteum (structural luteolysis). Preventing luteolysis is crucial to maintain pregnancy. [http://ovary.stanford.edu, PMID:10617764]
GO

Degradation of CORPUS LUTEUM. In the absence of pregnancy and diminishing trophic hormones, the corpus luteum undergoes luteolysis which is characterized by the involution and cessation of its endocrine function.
MSH

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corpus striatum

Striped gray and white matter consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The white matter is the internal capsule.
MSH

striped gray and white matter consisting of the neostriatum and paleostriatum (globus pallidus); located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; the gray substance is made up of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the globus pallidus and putamen; the white matter is the internal capsule.
CSP

Striped gray and white matter consisting of the neostriatum and paleostriatum (globus pallidus). It is located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus. The white matter is the internal capsule. (MeSH)
NCI

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