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EZTULA

A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
MSH

Coughing is a reflex that keeps your throat and airways clear. Although it can be annoying, coughing helps your body heal or protect itself. Coughs can be either acute or chronic. Acute coughs begin suddenly and usually last no more than 2 to 3 weeks. Acute coughs are the kind you most often get with a cold or flu. Chronic coughs last longer than 2 to 3 weeks. Causes of chronic cough include

Water can help ease your cough – whether you drink it or add it to the air with a steamy shower or vaporizer. If you have a cold or the flu, antihistamines may work better than non-prescription cough medicines. Children under four should not have cough medicine. For children over four, use caution and read labels carefully.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by sudden, often repetitive, spasmodic contraction of the thoracic cavity, resulting in violent release of air from the lungs and usually accompanied by a distinctive sound.
NCI

A sudden, often repetitive, spasmodic contraction of the thoracic cavity, resulting in violent release of air from the lungs, and usually accompanied by a distinctive sound.
NCI

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kumafos

A organothiophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an anthelmintic, insecticide, and as a nematocide.
MSH

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kyseliny kumarové

Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.
MSH

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coumarin

oxygen containing heterocyclic compound, obtainable naturally from several plants, or produced synthetically from an amino acid of phenylalanine; it is used for the preparation of drugs especially anticoagulants such as bishydroxycoumarin (dicoumarol) and warfarin (coumadin); coumarin glycosides such as dicoumarol and warfarin, are widely used as rodenticides.
CSP

A class of organic compounds containing a benzopyrone (a bicyclic structure of phenyl ring fused to a second-6 member ring that has five carbons, an oxygen atom at the 1 position, and a ketone attachment at the 2 position). Also refers to the simplest coumarin compound H-benzopyran-one (C9H6O2). the chemical structure is C1=CC=C2C(=C1)C=CC(=O)O2.
NCI

A substance used to make drugs that prevent and treat blood clots in blood vessels and treat certain heart conditions. Coumarin is taken from certain plants and can also be made in the laboratory. It is a type of anticoagulant.
NCI

O hydroxycinnamic acid. Pleasant smelling compound found in many plants and released on wilting. Has anticoagulant activity by competing with Vitamin K. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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kumariny

Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid. The various coumarins have a wide range of proposed actions and uses including as ANTICOAGULANTS, pharmaceutical aids, indicators and reagents, photoreactive substances, and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS.
MSH

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kumestrol

A daidzein derivative occurring naturally in forage crops which has some estrogenic activity.
MSH

A type of coumestan. Coumestans are estrogen-like substances (phytoestrogens) made by some plants. Coumestans may have anticancer effects.
NCI

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poradenství

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
MSH

the use of psychological methods in testing the interests of and giving professional guidance to individuals.
CSP

The act of receiving professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems.
NCI

The process by which a professional counselor helps a person cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve personal problems.
NCI

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Professional counsellor

A provider who is trained and educated in the performance of behavior health services through interpersonal communications and analysis. Training and education at the specialty level usually requires a master`s degree and clinical experience and supervision for licensure or certification. Sources: Abridged from definitions provided by the National Board of Certified Counselors and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors.


HL7V3.0

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imunoelektroforéza protisměrná

Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.
MSH

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kontrapulzace

A technique for assisting the circulation by decreasing the afterload of the left ventricle and augmenting the diastolic pressure. It may be achieved by intra-aortic balloon, or by implanting a special pumping device in the chest, or externally by applying a negative pressure to the lower extremities during cardiac systole.
MSH

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protipřenos (psychologie)

Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
MSH

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námluvy

Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
MSH

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kravské neštovice

A mild, eruptive skin disease of milk cows caused by COWPOX VIRUS, with lesions occurring principally on the udder and teats. Human infection may occur while milking an infected animal.
MSH

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virus kravských neštovic

A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of COWPOX. It is closely related to but antigenically different from VACCINIA VIRUS.
MSH

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Coxiella

A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that is widely distributed in TICKS and various mammals throughout the world. Infection with this genus is particularly prevalent in CATTLE; SHEEP; and GOATS.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, acidophilic, rod-shaped, obligate intracellular bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Coxiella genus level.
NCI

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Coxiella burnetii

species of gram negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell; etiologic agent of Q fever; historically classified within the Rickettsiales order, is now taxonomically placed in the Legionellales order, Coxiellaceae family.
CSP

A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
MSH

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is obligately intracellular, sporeforming, acidophilic, pleomorphic and catalase positive. C. burnetti is pathogenic, being the causative agent of Q fever.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Coxiella burnetii.
NCI

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Coxsackieviruses B

One of the two groups of coxsackieviruses. They contain several serotypes and are associated with epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC;) (B1, B3), myocarditis and endocarditis (B3, B1), respiratory disorders (B3, B5), and kidney, pancreas, and liver disorders.
MSH

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viry coxsackie – infekce

A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
MSH

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Coxsackie Viruses

cause herpangina, aseptic meningitis, pleurodynia, nyalgis, orchitis and myocarditis; divided into groups A and B on basis of disease signs in suckling mice.
CSP

Heterogeneous serotypes of various species in the genus ENTEROVIRUS, found in association with various diseases in man and other animals. The specific coxsackieviruses are distributed among the species HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS A; HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS B; and HUMAN ENTEROVIRUS C. The name is derived from a village in New York State where the virus was first identified.
MSH

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Brachyura

An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.
MSH

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syndrom prasklého zubu

Incomplete fracture of any part of a tooth, characterized by pain during mastication and sensitivity to heat, cold, sweet or sour tastes, and alcohol; it is often undiagnosed because the tooth is usually X-ray negative and normal to pulp vitality tests.
MSH

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lebeční jáma zadní

The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.
MSH

The infratentorial compartment of the cranial cavity. Its boundaries are formed by the sphenoid bone, temporal bone, and parietal bone, and it contains the cerebellum and brain stem.
NCI

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kraniální nervy – nemoci

Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate.
MSH

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kraniální nervy – nádory

Benign and malignant neoplasms that arise from one or more of the twelve cranial nerves.
MSH

Abnormal growth of the cells that comprise the cranial nerves.
NCI

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kraniální nervy

twelve pairs of nerves that carry general afferent, visceral afferent, special afferent, somatic efferent, and autonomic efferent fibers.
CSP

Neural tree organ which is continuous with the brain. Examples: Trochlear nerve, facial nerve.
FMA

Any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem.
NCI

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sinus craniales

Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).
MSH

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lebeční švy

A type of fibrous joint between bones of the head.
MSH

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kraniofaciální dysostóza

Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.
MSH

autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acrocephaly, exophthalmos, hypertelorism, strabismus, parrot-beaked nose, and hypoplastic maxilla with relative mandibular prognathism.
CSP

A syndrome inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. It is characterized by early fusion of the bones of the skull and face. Patients have a distinctive facial appearance which includes low-set ears, brachycephaly, hypertelorism, exophthalmos, and mandibular prognathism.
NCI

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kraniologie

The scientific study of variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium.
MSH

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Craniometrie

The measurement of the dimensions of the SKULL.
MSH

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