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diabetické neuropatie

Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
MSH

common complication of diabetes mellitus in which nerves are damaged as a result of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels).
CSP

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diabetická retinopatie

Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.
MSH

retinal changes occurring in diabetes mellitus, marked by microaneurysms, exudates, and hemorrhages, and sometimes by neovascularization.
CSP

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diacetyl

Carrier of aroma of butter, vinegar, coffee, and other foods.
MSH

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heroin

A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

narcotic analgesic drug prepared from morphine, now prohibited in the United States even for medicinal uses because of the danger of addiction.
CSP

Heroin is a drug made from morphine, a natural substance in the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder. Heroin can be injected, smoked or snorted. Heroin abuse is a serious problem in the United States. Major health problems from heroin include miscarriages, heart infections and death from overdose. People who inject the drug also risk infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.

Regular use of heroin can lead to tolerance. This means users need more and more drug to have the same effect. At higher doses over time, the body becomes dependent on heroin. If dependent users stop heroin, they have withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, diarrhea, vomiting and cold flashes.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


MEDLINEPLUS

A substance made from morphine. Heroin is very addictive and it is illegal to use or sell it in the United States. It is a type of opiate.
NCI

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diagnóza

The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
MSH

general term for detecting and classifying diseases.
CSP

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms.
NCI

Set of codes depicting clinical disease and conditions


HL7V3.0

The investigation, analysis and recognition of the presence and nature of disease, condition, or injury from expressed signs and symptoms; also, the scientific determination of any kind; the concise results of such an investigation.
NCI

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brain disorder diagnosis

determination of a brain disorder based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

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diagnostické techniky kardiovaskulární

determination of a cardiovascular disorder based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
MSH

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diagnóza počítačová

Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
MSH

computer hardware, database, software or program used by medical and health personnel to assist in patient diagnostic testing; for recommended schedules of therapy use COMPUTER ASSISTED PATIENT CARE.
CSP

The use of computers for the interpretation of medical images.
NCI

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diferenciální diagnóza

Determination of which one of two or more diseases or conditions a patient is suffering from by systematically comparing and contrasting results of diagnostic measures.
MSH

Deciding a diagnosis through the comparison of multiple possible diagnoses
CHV

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diagnostické techniky – trávicí ústrojí

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky otologické

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the ear or of hearing disorders or demonstration of hearing acuity or loss.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky endokrinologické

determination of disorder of the endocrine system (an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system) based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky oftalmologické

determination of an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the organ of sight based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky neurologické

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky porodnicko-gynekologické

determination of disorders of the female reproductive system based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.
MSH

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diagnóza stomatologická

Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky radioisotopové

determination of disease using an isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity; index with a specific diagnostic term.
CSP

Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky – dýchací systém

determination of disorder(s) of the respiratory system based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky chirurgické

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky urologické

detection or classification of urinary tract diseases or disorders.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.
MSH

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diagnóza chybná

Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
MSH

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diagnostické zobrazování

Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
MSH

Diagnostic imaging refers to technologies that doctors use to look inside your body for clues about a medical condition. A variety of machines and techniques can create pictures of the structures and activities inside your body. The technology your doctor uses will depend on your symptoms and the part of your body being examined. X-rays, CT scans, nuclear medicine scans, MRI scans and ultrasound are all types of diagnostic imaging.

Many imaging tests are painless and easy. Some require you to stay still for a long time inside a machine, though. This can be uncomfortable. Certain tests involve radiation, but these are generally considered safe because the dosage is very low.

For some imaging tests, a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube is inserted in your body. This tool is called a scope. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside a particular organ, such as your heart, lungs or colon. These procedures often require anesthesia.


MEDLINEPLUS

Any method that uses a visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation.
NCI

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skupiny s příbuznou diagnózou

A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
MSH

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diagnostické služby

Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
MSH

services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the determination of the presence of disease(s) or condition(s) or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another.
CSP

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diagnostické testy rutinní

Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
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diagnostic use

Used with chemical compounds, drugs, and physical agents when these substances are used for studies of clinical function of an organ, or for the diagnosis of human or animal diseases.
MSH

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dialýza

A process of selective diffusion through a membrane. It is usually used to separate low-molecular-weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high-molecular-weight solutes which do not. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

process of selective diffusion through a membrane; it is usually used to separate low molecular weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high molecular weight solutes which do not; for therapeutic dialysis use DIALYSIS THERAPY
CSP

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Dialýza

The process of cleansing the blood when the kidneys are not able to filter the blood.
NCI

dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity or kidneys as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
CSP

When your kidneys are healthy, they clean your blood. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, you need treatment to replace the work your kidneys used to do. Unless you have a kidney transplant, you will need a treatment called dialysis.

There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both types filter your blood to rid your body of harmful wastes, extra salt and water. Hemodialysis does that with a machine. Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen, called the peritoneal membrane, to filter your blood. Each type has both risks and benefits. They also require that you follow a special diet. Your doctor can help you decide the best type of dialysis for you.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A procedure to remove toxic substances from the blood that is used in patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease or acute kidney failure.
NCI

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dialyzační roztoky

Solutions prepared for exchange across a semipermeable membrane of solutes below a molecular size determined by the cutoff threshold of the membrane material.
MSH

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diamfenetid

Anthelmintic. It has been shown to be useful in fasciola infections in sheep.
MSH

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