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gonadotropiny koňské

Gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary or the placenta in horses. This term generally refers to the gonadotropins found in the pregnant mare serum, a rich source of equine CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. Unlike that in humans, the equine LUTEINIZING HORMONE, BETA SUBUNIT is identical to the equine choronic gonadotropin, beta. Equine gonadotropins prepared from pregnant mare serum are used in reproductive studies.
MSH

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gonadotropiny hypofyzární

Hormones secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR) that stimulate gonadal functions in both males and females. They include FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE that stimulates germ cell maturation (OOGENESIS; SPERMATOGENESIS), and LUTEINIZING HORMONE that stimulates the production of sex steroids (ESTROGENS; PROGESTERONE; ANDROGENS).
MSH

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gonády

The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.
MSH

gamete-producing glands.
CSP

General anatomical term which refers to ovary or testis.
FMA

The part of the reproductive system that produces and releases eggs (ovaries) or sperm (testicles/testes).
NCI

A reproductive system organ that produces and releases either sperm (testis) or eggs (ovary).
NCI

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gonany

Steroids containing the fundamental tetracyclic unit with no methyl groups at C-10 and C-13 and with no side chain at C-17. The concept includes both saturated and unsaturated derivatives.
MSH

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gonioskopie

Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye with a specialized optical instrument (gonioscope) or a contact prism lens.
MSH

A procedure in which a gonioscope (special lens) is used to look at the front part of the eye between the cornea (the clear layer) and the iris (the colored part of the eye). Gonioscopy checks for blockages in the area where fluid drains out of the eye.
NCI

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gonorea

Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
MSH

acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract; the etiologic agent is Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
CSP

Gonorrhea is a curable sexually transmitted disease. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth or anus.

Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms, especially in women. In men, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating and discharge from the penis. If untreated, it can cause epididymitis, which affects the testicles and can lead to infertility. In women, gonorrhea can cause bleeding between periods, pain when urinating and increased discharge from the vagina. If untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes problems with pregnancy and infertility. Gonorrhea can pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.

You can cure gonorrhea with antibiotics prescribed by your health care provider. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading gonorrhea.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A common sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhea. It is transmitted through vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse. Infected individuals may be asymptomatic. Symptoms in males include burning sensation during urination, discharge from the penis, and painful swelling of the testes. Symptoms in females include painful urination, vaginal discharge, and vaginal bleeding between periods. If untreated, the infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.
NCI

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Gorilla gorilla

anthropoid ape (Gorilla gorilla) of western equatorial Africa related to the chimpanzee but less erect and much larger.
CSP

This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.
MSH

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gossypol

A dimeric sesquiterpene found in cottonseed (GOSSYPIUM). The (-) isomer is active as a male contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS, MALE) whereas toxic symptoms are associated with the (+) isomer.
MSH

A substance being studied in the treatment of several types of cancer. It comes from the seed of the cotton plant (Gossypium). It blocks the growth of cells and may kill cancer cells. Cottonseed meal toxin may also act as a male contraceptive (a type of birth control).
NCI

An orally-active polyphenolic aldehyde with potential antineoplastic activity. Derived primarily from unrefined cottonseed oil, gossypol induces cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and inducing apoptosis. This agent also inhibits cell-signaling enzymes, resulting in inhibition of cell growth, and may act as a male contraceptive. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=505287&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=505287&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C529″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally-active polyphenolic aldehyde with potential antineoplastic activity. Derived primarily from unrefined cottonseed oil, gossypol induces cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and inducing apoptosis. This agent also inhibits cell-signaling enzymes, resulting in inhibition of cell growth, and may act as a male contraceptive.
NCI

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GOTA

hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of uric acid calculi.
CSP

Gout is a common, painful form of arthritis. It causes swollen, red, hot and stiff joints. Gout occurs when uric acid builds up in your blood. This happens if your body produces extra acid or does not eliminate enough, or if you eat too many foods with purines, such as liver and dried beans. Pseudogout has similar symptoms and is sometimes confused with gout. However, it is caused by calcium phosphate, not uric acid.

Often, gout first attacks your big toe. It can also attack ankles, heels, knees, wrists, fingers and elbows.

You are more likely to get gout if you

  • Are a man
  • Have family member with gout
  • Drink alcohol

At first, gout attacks usually get better in days. Eventually, attacks last longer and occur more often. Uric acid buildup can lead to kidney stones. Untreated gout can cause permanent joint and kidney damage. You can treat gout with medicines.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition marked by increased levels of uric acid in the blood, joints, and tissue. The buildup of uric acid in the joints and tissues causes arthritis and inflammation.
NCI

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antiuratika

Agents that increase uric acid excretion by the kidney (URICOSURIC AGENTS), decrease uric acid production (antihyperuricemics), or alleviate the pain and inflammation of acute attacks of gout.
MSH

agents used in prevention or treatment of gout; they may increase uric acid excretion, decrease uric acid production, or alleviate the pain and inflammation of acute attacks of gout.
CSP

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vládní výbor

The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.
MSH

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vláda

The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
MSH

The political organization by which a state or nation is ruled. (http://dictionary.law.com)
NCI

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vládní organizace

Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
MSH

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vládní programy

Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
MSH

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úřední publikace

Works consisting of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.
MSH

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ovariální folikul

An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.
MSH

A cavity in the ovary containing a maturing ovum
CHV

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Gradenigův syndrom

Inflammation of PETROUS BONE secondary to chronic OTITIS MEDIA. Its symptoms include fever, occipital headache, ear and retroorbital pain, and facial paralysis.
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transplantát – imunologická podpora

The induction of prolonged survival and growth of allografts of either tumors or normal tissues which would ordinarily be rejected. It may be induced passively by introducing graft-specific antibodies from previously immunized donors, which bind to the graft`s surface antigens, masking them from recognition by T-cells; or actively by prior immunization of the recipient with graft antigens which evoke specific antibodies and form antigen-antibody complexes which bind to the antigen receptor sites of the T-cells and block their cytotoxic activity.
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štěp – okluze vaskulární

Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
MSH

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rejekce štěpu

An immune response with both cellular and humoral components, directed against an allogeneic transplant, whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient.
MSH

cell-mediated immune response by the host body to a surgically grafted organ or tissue that results in failure of the organ or tissue to survive; can be acute or chronic.
CSP

Failure of transplanted tissue to become functional or operational, often as a result of destruction by the host`s immune system.
NCI

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štěp – přežívání

The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
MSH

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nemoc příjemce po transplantaci

The clinical entity characterized by anorexia, diarrhea, loss of hair, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, growth retardation, and eventual death brought about by the GRAFT VS HOST REACTION.
MSH

caused by immunologically competent T cells in the graft recognizing and attacking host tissues as foreign; clinical symptoms include skin rashes, diarrhea, and abnormal liver functions.
CSP

A disease caused when cells from a donated stem cell graft attack the normal tissue of the transplant patient. Symptoms include jaundice, skin rash or blisters, a dry mouth, or dry eyes.
NCI

An incompatibility reaction (which may be fatal) in a subject (host) of low immunological competence (deficient lymphoid tissue) who has been the recipient of immunologically competent lymphoid tissue from a donor who lacks at least one antigen possessed by the recipient host; the reaction, or disease, is the result of action of the transplanted cells against those host tissues that possess the antigen not possessed by the donor. Seen most commonly following bone marrow transplantation, acute disease is seen after 5-40 days and chronic disease weeks to months after transplantation, affecting, principally, the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and skin.
NCI

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reakce štěpu proti příjemci

An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.
MSH

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gramnegativní aerobní baktérie

A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.
MSH

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gramnegativní anaerobní baktérie

A large group of anaerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.
MSH

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gramnegativní baktérie

Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram`s method.
MSH

bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram`s method; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

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gramnegativní chemolitotrofní baktérie

A large group of bacteria including those which oxidize ammonia or nitrite, metabolize sulfur and sulfur compounds, or deposit iron and/or manganese oxides.
MSH

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gramnegativní fakultativně anaerobní tyčinky

A large group of facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
MSH

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grampozitivní nesporulující tyčinky

A gram-positive, non-spore-forming group of bacteria comprising organisms that have morphological and physiological characteristics in common.
MSH

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grampozitivní baktérie

Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram`s method.
MSH

bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram`s method; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

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