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grampozitivní koky

Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram`s method.
MSH

Any spherical shaped bacteria that has a peptidoglycan rich cell wall that stains dark purple with the Gram staining technique.
NCI

Any spherical-shaped bacteria that has a peptidoglycan-rich cell wall that stains dark purple with the Gram staining technique.
NCI

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gramicidin

A group of peptide antibiotics from BACILLUS brevis. Gramicidin C or S is a cyclic, ten-amino acid polypeptide and gramicidins A, B, D are linear. Gramicidin is one of the two principal components of TYROTHRICIN which is used topically for gram-positive organisms. It is toxic to blood, liver, kidneys, meninges, and the olfactory apparatus.
MSH

group of peptide antibiotics derived from Bacilus brevis; one of the two principal components of tyrothricin which is used topically for gram-positive organisms; toxic to blood, liver, kidneys, meninges, and the olfactory apparatus.
CSP

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granty

A financial assistance mechanism through which money and/or direct assistance is provided to carry out approved activities.
NCI

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granulační tkáň

A vascular connective tissue formed on the surface of a healing wound, ulcer, or inflamed tissue. It consists of new capillaries and an infiltrate containing lymphoid cells, macrophages, and plasma cells.
MSH

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granulocyty

Leukocytes with abundant granules in the cytoplasm. They are divided into three groups according to the staining properties of the granules: neutrophilic, eosinophilic, and basophilic. Mature granulocytes are the NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and BASOPHILS.
MSH

leukocytes with abundant neutrophilic, eosinophilic or basophilic granules in the cytoplasm; mature granulocytes are the neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils.
CSP

A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during infections, allergic reactions, and asthma. Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are granulocytes. A granulocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

A leucocyte with conspicuous cytoplasmic granules. In humans the granulocytes are also classified as polymorphonuclear leucocytes and are subdivided according to the staining properties of the granules into eosinophils, basophils and neutrophils. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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granulom

A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
MSH

relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.
CSP

small lump caused by inflammation
CHV

An inflammatory reaction usually caused by infectious organisms, foreign bodies, or cholesterol deposits. It is characterized by the presence of epithelioid histiocytes and chronic inflammation. Often times giant cells are present. Necrosis is sometimes observed.
NCI

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granuloma inguinale

Anogenital ulcers caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as distinguished from lymphogranuloma inguinale (see LYMPHOGRANULOMA VENEREUM) caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. Diagnosis is made by demonstration of typical intracellular Donovan bodies in crushed-tissue smears.
MSH

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granulom z cizích těles

Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.
MSH

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granulom obrovskobuněčný

A non-neoplastic inflammatory lesion, usually of the jaw or gingiva, containing large, multinucleated cells. It includes reparative giant cell granuloma. Peripheral giant cell granuloma refers to the gingiva (giant cell epulis); central refers to the jaw.
MSH

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granulom laryngální

A tumor-like nodule or mass of inflammatory granulation tissue projecting into the lumen of the LARYNX.
MSH

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granuloma gangraenescens

A condition that is characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and perforation of the nose and the PALATE with progressive destruction of midline facial structures. This syndrome can be manifested in several diseases including the nasal type of EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA and WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS.
MSH

An aggressive, progressive, and destructive lesion affecting the nasal cavities, paranasal sinuses, and the palate. The vast majority of cases are malignant lymphoproliferations affecting the midline of the face in patients with nasal type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
NCI

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granulom plazmocelulární

A slow-growing benign pseudotumor in which plasma cells greatly outnumber the inflammatory cells.
MSH

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granulom dýchacího systému

Granulomatous disorders affecting one or more sites in the respiratory tract.
MSH

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granulomatózní nemoc chronická

A recessive X-linked defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation.
MSH

recessive X-linked defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation.
CSP

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granulózobuněčný nádor

A neoplasm composed entirely of GRANULOSA CELLS, occurring mostly in the OVARY. In the adult form, it may contain some THECA CELLS. This tumor often produces ESTRADIOL and INHIBIN. The excess estrogen exposure can lead to other malignancies in women and PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY in girls. In rare cases, granulosa cell tumors have been identified in the TESTES.
MSH

A type of slow-growing, malignant tumor that usually affects the ovary.
NCI

A slow-growing, malignant tumor, characterize by the presence of granulosa-like cells and Call-Exner bodies, that is almost always found in the ovary. In rare cases, it has also been found in the testicle. There are two types of granulosa cell tumor that can be distinguished under the microscope: the adult and the juvenile. The testicular juvenile granulosa cell tumors are perhaps the most common congenital testicular neoplasms.
NCI

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granulózo-luteinové buňky

Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).
MSH

cells surrounding the vesicular ovarian follicle and forming the stratum granulosum and cumulus oophorus; after ovulation, they are transformed to lutein cells.
CSP

A cuboidal cell derived from a spindle-shaped granulosa cell precursor. Initially, ovarian granulosa cells create a single layer surrounding an oocyte. The oocyte and its single layer of ovarian granulosa cells make up a primary follicle. Proliferation of the ovarian granulosa cells leads to multiple cell layers surrounding the oocyte and maturation into a secondary follicle. The granulosa cells extend cytoplasmic processes to form gestational gap-junction-like unions with the plasma membrane of the oocyte. The continued growth of the ovarian granulosa cells takes the oocyte to the Graafian follicle stage. Once ovulation occurs, the granulosa cells become part of the corpus luteum. A major function of an ovarian granulosa cell is hormone production and secretion.
NCI

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Poaceae

large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses; food grains come from members of this family; hay fever can be induced by pollen of many of the grasses.
CSP

A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (CEREALS) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
MSH

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kobylky

Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.
MSH

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Gravesova nemoc

a condition usually caused by excessive production of thyroid hormone and characterized by an enlarged thyroid gland
CHV

Hyperthyroidism associated with diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland (goiter), resulting from production of antibodies that are directed against the thyrotropin receptor complex of the follicular epithelial cells. As a result, the thyroid gland enlarges and secrets increased amounts of thyroid hormones. –2004
NCI

exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs.
CSP

A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).
MSH

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gravitace

Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
MSH

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Gray matter

Cell part cluster consisting predominantly of somas of neurons in the brain and the spinal cord.
FMA

gray nervous tissue composed of nerve cell bodies, unmyelinated nerve fibers and supportive tissue.
CSP

The nerve tissue composed of nerve cell bodies, unmyelinated nerve fibers and supportive tissue found in the brain and spinal cord. It is differentiated from the white matter by color of the tissues and the presence of more myelinated nerve cells in the white matter.
NCI

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lipan

Common name for fish in the genus Thymallus.
MSH

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Velká Británie

group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean in western Europe including Great Britain, Ireland, and adjacent islands.
CSP

Description:Realm code for use of Great Britain


HL7V3.0

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region Velkých jezer

The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
MSH

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Řecko

A country in Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Greece


HL7V3.0

A country in Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Grónsko

An island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Grenada

An island of the West Indies. Its capital is St. George`s. It was discovered in 1498 by Columbus who called it Concepcion. It was held at different times by the French and the British during the 18th century. The British suppressed a native uprising in 1795. It was an associate state of Great Britain 1967-74 but became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth in 1974. The original name referred to the Feast of the Immaculate Conception but it was later renamed for the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p467 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p219)
MSH

An island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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smutek

Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
MSH

sorrowful response to an immediate cause; self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
CSP

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griseofulvin

An antifungal antibiotic. Griseofulvin may be given by mouth in the treatment of tinea infections.
MSH

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tříslo

The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
MSH

The area where the thigh meets the abdomen.
NCI

The lower region of the anterior abdominal wall located laterally to the pubic region. (NCI)
NCI

The lower region of the anterior abdominal wall located laterally to the pubic region.
NCI

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