Additional pages

zaměstnanci – disciplína

Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
MSH

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zaměstnanci – stížnosti

Formal procedures whereby the employee expresses any dissatisfaction or feeling of injustice regarding the work situation.
MSH

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zaměstnanci – plány stimulace

Programs designed by management to motivate employees to work more efficiently with increased productivity, and greater employee satisfaction.
MSH

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zaměstnanci – hodnocení výkonnosti

The assessment of the functioning of an employee in relation to work.
MSH

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zaměstnanost

The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
MSH

The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary; the occupation for which you are paid.
NCI

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syndrom prázdného sedla

A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.
MSH

A syndrome characterized by flattening or regression of the pituitary gland within the sella turcica cavity, resulting in an MRI image of an empty sella turcica. Signs and symptoms are secondary to pituitary gland hypofunction.
NCI

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empyém

Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.
MSH

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empyém žlučníku

Presence of pus in the GALLBLADDER.
MSH

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empyém pleurální

Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.
MSH

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empyém tuberkulózní

Empyema due to MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS.
MSH

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emulgační látky

A chemical substance that functions to stabilize an emulsion.
NCI

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS that induce a dispersion of undissolved material throughout a liquid.
MSH

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emulze

Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
MSH

stable mixture of two or more immiscible liquids where one liquid, in form of fine droplets or globules, is dispersed in the other.
CSP

A suspension of liqid within another liquid or a dispersion consisting of two or more liquid phases.
NCI

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enalapril

One of the ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS that is used to treat hypertension.
MSH

1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl-L-alanyl- L-proline (as 1`-ethyl ester, maleate 1:1), is an ACE inhibitor used as an antihypertensive.
CSP

A dicarbocyl-containing peptide and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with antihypertensive activity. As a prodrug, enalapril is converted by de-esterification into its active form enalaprilat. Enalaprilat competitively binds to and inhibits ACE, thereby blocking the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. This prevents the potent vasoconstrictive actions of angiotensin II and results in vasodilation. Enalapril also decreases angiotensin II-induced aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex, which leads to an increase in sodium excretion and subsequently increases water outflow.
NCI

An antihypertensive agent that can also be used to slow or prevent the progression of heart disease in people with childhood cancer treated with drugs that may be harmful to the heart.
NCI

a drug used to treat hypertension
CHV

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enalaprilát

The active metabolite of ENALAPRIL and a potent intravenously administered angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. It is an effective agent for the treatment of essential hypertension and has beneficial hemodynamic effects in heart failure. The drug produces renal vasodilation with an increase in sodium excretion.
MSH

The active metabolite of the pro-drug enalapril, a dicarboxylate-containing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with antihypertensive activity. Enalaprilat prevents the conversion of angiotensin I into angiotensin II by inhibiting ACE, thereby leading to decreased vasopressor activity and resulting in vasodilation. This agent also decreases aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex, which leads to an increase in natriuresis.
NCI

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orgán skloviny

epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
CSP

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enbukrilát

A tissue adhesive that is applied as a monomer to moist tissue and polymerizes to form a bond. It is slowly biodegradable and used in all kinds of surgery, including dental.
MSH

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encefalitida

Inflammation of the BRAIN due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions. Viral infections (see ENCEPHALITIS, VIRAL) are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.
MSH

inflammation of the brain due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions; viral infections are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.
CSP

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. The usual cause is a viral infection, but bacteria can also cause it. Cases can range from mild to severe. For mild cases, you could have flu-like symptoms. Serious cases can cause

  • Severe headache
  • Sudden fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

For mild cases, you may just need rest, plenty of fluids and a pain reliever. For severe cases, you might need to be hospitalized. Fortunately, encephalitis is uncommon in the United States.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An acute inflammatory process affecting the brain parenchyma. Causes include viral infections and less frequently bacterial infections, toxins, and immune-mediated processes.
NCI

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virus východní encefalitidy koňské

A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
MSH

species of Alphavirus causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans.
CSP

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virus japonské encefalitidy

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
MSH

species of flavivirus, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group, which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent; infects man, birds, pigs and horses; probably transmitted by mosquitos.
CSP

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virus St. Louis encefalitidy

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
MSH

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virus venezuelské encefalitidy koňské

A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.
MSH

causes encephalomyelitis in horses, mules, and man; infection reservoir in birds, transmitted by mosquitoes; distribution in South America (including Venezuela), Mexico, and Florida.
CSP

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virus západní encefalitidy koňské

A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines in the United States, southern Canada, and parts of South America.
MSH

species of Alphavirus that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines in the United States, southern Canada, and parts of South America.
CSP

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viry encefalitidy

A collection of single-stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
MSH

collection of single stranded RNA viruses scattered across the Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Togaviridae families whose common property is the ability to induce encephalitic conditions in infected hosts.
CSP

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viry encefalitidy klíšťové

A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS that causes encephalitis and hemorrhagic fevers and is found in eastern and western Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is transmitted by TICKS and there is an associated milk-borne transmission from viremic cattle, goats, and sheep.
MSH

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encefalitida kalifornská

A viral infection of the brain caused by serotypes of California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA) transmitted to humans by the mosquito AEDES triseriatus. The majority of cases are caused by the LA CROSSE VIRUS. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; VOMITING; HEADACHE; and abdominal pain followed by SEIZURES, altered mentation, and focal neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13)
MSH

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encefalitida arbovirová

infections of the brain caused by arthropod-borne viruses primarily from the families togaviridae, flaviviridae, bunyaviridae, reoviridae and rhabdoviridae; life cycles of these viruses are characterized by zoonoses, with birds and lower mammals serving as intermediate hosts; the virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of mosquitoes or ticks; clinical manifestations include fever, headache, alterations of mentation, focal neurologic deficits, and coma.
CSP

Infections of the brain caused by arthropod-borne viruses (i.e., arboviruses) primarily from the families TOGAVIRIDAE; FLAVIVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; and RHABDOVIRIDAE. Life cycles of these viruses are characterized by ZOONOSES, with birds and lower mammals serving as intermediate hosts. The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) or TICKS. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, alterations of mentation, focal neurologic deficits, and COMA. (From Clin Microbiol Rev 1994 Jan;7(1):89-116; Walton, Brain`s Diseases of the Nervous System, 10th ed, p321)
MSH

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encefalitida japonská

A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
MSH

Viral encephalitis caused by the mosquito-born Japanese encephalitis virus. Signs and symptoms include an initial period of fever, headaches, and malaise, followed by neck rigidity, hemiparesis, and convulsions. It may lead to coma.
NCI

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encefalitida postvakcinační

An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)
MSH

An inflammatory process affecting the central nervous system. It is characterized by perivascular demyelination. Symptoms usually follow an acute viral infection or immunization and include fever, confusion, somnolence and involuntary movements. It may lead to coma and death.
NCI

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encefalitida St. Louis

A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)
MSH

brain infection caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus
CHV

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encefalitida klíšťová

Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
MSH

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