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zvířata – upravování se

An animal`s cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
MSH

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virus Grossův

causes many kinds of leukemia in newborn mice and rats.
CSP

A murine reverse-transcribing RNA retrovirus with type C morphology that has been shown to induce lymphatic leukemia in infected mice.
NCI

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skupinové domovy

Housing for groups of patients, children, or others who need or desire emotional or physical support. They are usually established as planned, single housekeeping units in residential dwellings that provide care and supervision for small groups of residents, who, although unrelated, live together as a family.
MSH

Group Home


HL7V3.0

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skupinová praxe

Any group of three or more full-time physicians organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
MSH

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skupinová praxe stomatologická

Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
MSH

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skupinová praxe předplacená

An organized group of three or more full-time physicians rendering services for a fixed prepayment.
MSH

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skupinové procesy

The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.
MSH

procedures by which a group of individuals approach and solve their common objectives.
CSP

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skupinová struktura

The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
MSH

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růst

Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
MSH

The increase in size or mass of an entire organism, a part of an organism or a cell. [GOC:bf, GOC:ma]
GO

Processes that promote either specific or nonspecific formation of additional tissue mass, typically by cell proliferation.
NCI

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růst a vývoj

includes normal and pathological, biological and psychological, age-related changes; includes the entire life span and may be used for any species.
CSP

The series of changes to the shape, size, components, and functions of an individual organism that occur over time as the organism progresses from its initial form to full size and maturity.
MSH

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růst – poruchy

Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
MSH

Does your child seem much shorter – or much taller – than other kids his or her age? It could be normal, or it could be a sign of a problem. Very slow or very fast growth can sometimes signal a gland problem or disease.

The pituitary gland makes growth hormone, which stimulates the growth of bone and other tissues. Children who have too little of it may be very short. Treatment with growth hormone can stimulate growth.

People can also have too much growth hormone. Usually the cause is a pituitary gland tumor, which is not cancer. Too much growth hormone can cause gigantism in children, where their bones and their body grow too much. In adults, it can cause acromegaly, which makes the hands, feet and face larger than normal. Possible treatments include surgery to remove the tumor, medicines and radiation therapy.


MEDLINEPLUS

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inhibitory růstu

Endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of human and animal cells or micro-organisms, as distinguished from those affecting plant growth (= PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS).
MSH

endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of animals, plants, fungi, or their tissues, or the growth of microorganisms.
CSP

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růstová ploténka

The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.
MSH

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růstové faktory

signal molecules that are involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation.
CSP

Substances made by the body that function to regulate cell division and cell survival. Some growth factors are also produced in the laboratory and used in biological therapy.
NCI

Growth Factors are extracellular signaling molecules (ligands) involved in control of target cell proliferation, cell survival, and cell differentiation. (NCI)
NCI

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Gryllidae

The family Gryllidae consists of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus, which is used in neurological and physiological studies. Other genera include Gryllotalpa (mole cricket); Gryllus (field cricket); and Oecanthus (tree cricket).
MSH

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GTP-cyklohydrolasa

(GTP cyclohydrolase I) or GTP 7,8-8,9-dihydrolase (pyrophosphate-forming) (GTP cyclohydrolase II). An enzyme group that hydrolyzes the imidazole ring of GTP, releasing carbon-8 as formate. Two C-N bonds are hydrolyzed and the pentase unit is isomerized. This is the first step in the synthesis of folic acid from GTP. EC 3.5.4.16 (GTP cyclohydrolase I) and EC 3.5.4.25 (GTP cyclohydrolase II).
MSH

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GTP-fosfohydrolasy

nonEC; family of high energy phosphate hydrolases; unlike ATPases, which are mainly involved in bioenergetics, GTPases are mainly involved in biological signal transduction.
CSP

Enzymes that hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-.
MSH

Proteins that hydrolyze guanine triphosphate to yield guanine diphosphate. This is a class of proteins that belongs to a family of high energy phosphate hydrolases. Members of this family play major roles in biological signal transduction pathways.
NCI

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Guadeloupe

The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
MSH

Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (NCI)
NCI

Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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guajak

Resin from wood of certain species of GUAIACUM. It is used as clinical reagent for occult blood.
MSH

A substance from a type of tree called Guaiacum that grows in the Caribbean. Guaiac is used in the fecal occult blood test (a test for blood in human stool samples).
NCI

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guajakol

An agent thought to have disinfectant properties and used as an expectorant. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p747)
MSH

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guaifenesin

An expectorant
CHV

An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
MSH

A glyceryl guaiacolate with expectorant effects. Guaifenesin increases respiratory tract mucus secretions, acts as an irritant to gastric vagal receptors and recruits efferent parasympathetic reflexes that cause glandular exocytosis. This agent reduces the viscosity of mucus secretion by reducing adhesiveness and surface tension as well as increasing hydration of mucus. Guaifenesin promotes the efficiency of the mucociliary mechanism important in removing accumulated secretions from the upper and lower airway.
NCI

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Guam

An island in Micronesia, east of the Philippines, the largest and southernmost of the Marianas. Its capital is Agana. It was discovered by Magellan in 1521 and occupied by Spain in 1565. They ceded it to the United States in 1898. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered by the Department of the Interior since 1950. The derivation of the name Guam is in dispute. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p471)
MSH

Island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. (NCI)
NCI

Island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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guanabenz

An alpha-2 selective adrenergic agonist used as an antihypertensive agent.
MSH

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guanazol

A cytostatic triazole derivative which is not to be confused with guanazolo, the generic name for 8-azaguanine.
MSH

A cytostatic triazole derivative antimetabolite. Guanazole scavenges tyrosine free radicals, thereby inhibiting mammalian ribonucleotide reductase activity and DNA synthesis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39252&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39252&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C531″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A cytostatic triazole derivative antimetabolite. Guanazole scavenges tyrosine free radicals, thereby inhibiting mammalian ribonucleotide reductase activity and DNA synthesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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guanethidin

An antihypertensive agent that acts by inhibiting selectively transmission in post-ganglionic adrenergic nerves. It is believed to act mainly by preventing the release of norepinephrine at nerve endings and causes depletion of norepinephrine in peripheral sympathetic nerve terminals as well as in tissues.
MSH

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guanidiny

A family of iminourea derivatives. The parent compound has been isolated from mushrooms, corn germ, rice hulls, mussels, earthworms, and turnip juice. Derivatives may have antiviral and antifungal properties.
MSH

family of iminourea derivatives which may have antiviral and antifungal properties; the parent compound is a strong organic base existing primarily as guanidium ions at physiological pH, found in the urine as a normal product of protein metabolism and also used in laboratory research as a protein denaturant.
CSP

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guanin

2-amino-6-hydroxypurine; one of the 5 major bases (with adenine, thymine, cytosine, and uracil) found in nucleic acids.
CSP

A chemical compound that is used to make one of the building blocks of DNA and RNA. It is a type of purine.
NCI

A purine base that is a constituent of nucleotides occuring in nucleic acids.
NCI

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guanindeaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of guanine to form xanthine. EC 3.5.4.3.
MSH

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guaninnukleotidy

phosphate ester of a guanine nucleoside, particularly the 5`-phosphate of guanine in N-glycosidic linkage with ribose or deoxyribose as occurs in nucleic acid.
CSP

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guanosin

A purine nucleoside that has guanine linked by its N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is a component of ribonucleic acid and its nucleotides play important roles in metabolism. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

purine nucleoside that has guanine linked by its N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose; a component of ribonucleic acid; its nucleotides play important roles in metabolism.
CSP

A purine nucleoside formed from a beta-N9-glycosidic bond between guanine and a ribose ring and is essential for metabolism.
NCI

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