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Gypsite

An pulverulent variety of gypsum.
MSH

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gyrátová atrofie

Progressive, autosomal recessive, diffuse atrophy of the choroid, pigment epithelium, and sensory retina that begins in childhood.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the OAT gene. It is characterized by progressive atrophy of the retina and choroid, leading to loss of vision and blindness.
NCI

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gyrus cinguli

One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the cerebral hemisphere. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and interhemispheric commissure and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
MSH

one of three essential structures comprising the limbic lobe, the other two being the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus.
CSP

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protonové ATPasy

two domain protein (F1 and F0) of inner mitochondrial membrane which couples electron transport to ATP synthesis via the proton gradient across the membrane when uncoupled, the reverse (ATPase) reaction drives a proton pump.
CSP

Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.
MSH

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protonové pumpy

Integral membrane proteins that transport protons across a membrane. This transport can be linked to the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. What is referred to as proton pump inhibitors frequently is about POTASSIUM HYDROGEN ATPASE.
MSH

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H-2 antigeny

The major group of transplantation antigens in the mouse.
MSH

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H-reflex

A monosynaptic reflex elicited by stimulating a nerve, particularly the tibial nerve, with an electric shock.
MSH

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H-Y antigen

A sex-specific cell surface antigen produced by the sex-determining gene of the Y chromosome in mammals. It causes syngeneic grafts from males to females to be rejected and interacts with somatic elements of the embryologic undifferentiated gonad to produce testicular organogenesis.
MSH

sex-specific cell surface antigen produced by the sex-determining gene of the Y chromosome in mammals; causes syngeneic grafts from males to females to be rejected and interacts with somatic elements of the embryologic undifferentiated gonad to produce testicular organogenesis.
CSP

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zvyky

Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
MSH

acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested in personality.
CSP

A pattern of repeat behavior requiring little conscious thought.
NCI

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habituace (psychofyziologie)

The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.
MSH

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hemonchiáza

Infection with nematodes of the genus HAEMONCHUS, characterized by digestive abnormalities and anemia similar to that from hookworm infestation.
MSH

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Haemonchus

A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.
MSH

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Haemophilus

genus of Pasteurellaceae that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans; organisms are described as gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod shaped, and nonmotile.
CSP

A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans. Its organisms are described as gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod-shaped, and nonmotile.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli bacteria belonging to the Proteobacteria phylum.
NCI

a kind of bacteria
CHV

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Haemophilus genus level.
NCI

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Haemophilus influenzae, biotype III

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Haemophilus aegyptius.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is urease, catalase and oxidase positive, nonhemolytic and indole negative. H. aegyptius is a pathogen and the causative agent of conjunctivitis and Brazilian purpuric fever.
NCI

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Haemophilus ducreyi

A species of HAEMOPHILUS that appears to be the pathogen or causative agent of the sexually transmitted disease, CHANCROID.
MSH

species of Haemophilus that appears to be the pathogen or causative agent of the sexually transmitted disease, chancroid.
CSP

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Haemophilus – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
MSH

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Haemophilus influenzae

species of Haemophilus found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals; the species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
CSP

A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic or aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, catalase and oxidase positive, porphyrin negative, requires both X and V factors to grow in culture, and may be encapsulated or nonencapsulated. H. influenzae is an opportunistic pathogen causing a wide variety of infections including osteomyelitis, meningitis, conjunctivitis and pneumonia.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Haemophilus influenzae.
NCI

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hafnium

Hafnium. A metal element of atomic number 72 and atomic weight 178.49, symbol Hf. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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vlasy, chlupy

A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
MSH

filament-like structure composed of keratin, consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the skin from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a hair follicle.
CSP

The filamentous outgrowth of the epidermis. (NCI)
NCI

The filamentous outgrowth of the epidermis.
NCI

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vláskové buňky

cells found in the epithelial lining of the labyrinth of the inner ear; the hairs are stereovilli that restrict the plane in which deformation of the apical membrane of the cell can be brought about by movement of fluid or by sound; movement of the single stereocilium transduces mechanical movements into electrical receptor potentials.
CSP

Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
MSH

Mechanoreceptors located in the organ of Corti that are sensitive to auditory stimuli and in the vestibular apparatus that are sensitive to movement of the head. In each case the accessory sensory structures are arranged so that appropriate stimuli cause movement of the hair-like projections (stereocilia and kinocilia) which relay the information centrally in the nervous system. (MeSH)
NCI

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vláskové buňky vnitřní

Auditory sensory cells of organ of Corti, usually placed in one row medially to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus). Inner hair cells are in fewer numbers than the OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS, and their STEREOCILIA are approximately twice as thick as those of the outer hair cells.
MSH

A cell situated on the inner most layer of the basilar membrane of the cochlea. Each cell has multiple, sensitive strands called stereocilia. In the resting state the stereocilia are leaning on each other in a conical bundle and touch the tectorial membrane. When the cochlea moves in response to sound, a slight shearing force occurs between the basilar and tectorial membranes, the stereocilia bend and send electrical impulses to the brain via the eighth cranial nerve.
NCI

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vlasy, chlupy – barva

Color of hair or fur.
MSH

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vlasy – nemoci

Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
MSH

Did you know that the average person has 5 million hairs? Hair grows all over your body except on your lips, palms and the soles of your feet. It takes about a month for healthy hair to grow half an inch. Most hairs grow for up to six years and then fall out. New hairs grow in their place.

Hair helps keep you warm. It also protects your eyes, ears and nose from small particles in the air. Common problem with the hair and scalp include hair loss, infections, and flaking.


MEDLINEPLUS

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vlasová barviva

Dyes used as cosmetics to change hair color either permanently or temporarily.
MSH

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vlasové přípravky

Hair grooming, cleansing and modifying products meant for topical application to hair, usually human. They include sprays, bleaches, dyes, conditioners, rinses, shampoos, nutrient lotions, etc.
MSH

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Haiti

A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola – Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
MSH

A country comprising the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. (NCI)
NCI

A country comprising the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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halcinonid

A glucocorticoid used topically in the treatment of DERMATITIS; ECZEMA; or PSORIASIS. It may cause skin irritation.
MSH

A topical, synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties. Halcinonide exerts its effect by interacting with specific intracellular receptors, and the ligand-receptor complex subsequently modulates gene expressions via the typical glucocorticoid signalling pathway. This results in the synthesis of certain anti-inflammatory proteins as well as in synthesis inhibition of certain inflammatory mediators. Consequently, an overall reduction in chronic inflammation and autoimmune reactions are accomplished. (NCI05)
NCI

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poločas

The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
MSH

The time it takes for a substance to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity. (MeSH)
NCI

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domovy s denní péčí

Specialized residences for persons who do not require full hospitalization, and are not well enough to function completely within the community without professional supervision, protection and support.
MSH

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halitóza

An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.
MSH

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