Additional pages

haptoglobiny

Plasma glycoproteins that form a stable complex with hemoglobin to aid the recycling of heme iron. They are encoded in man by a gene on the short arm of chromosome 16.
MSH

a blood glycoprotein found in the alpha globulin fraction which binds free hemoglobin.
CSP

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Harderianova žlázka

A sebaceous gland that, in some animals, acts as an accessory to the lacrimal gland. The harderian gland excretes fluid that facilitates movement of the third eyelid.
MSH

A gland producing tears in a third eyelid in the corner of each eye, as seen in animals.
NCI

An accessory gland of the orbit.
NCI

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Melanoom, Harding-Passey

A melanin-forming tumor that arose spontaneously in a non-inbred mouse, and that is transplantable to mice of many strains but does not ordinarily metastasize. (dictionarybarn.com)
NCI

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tvrdost

The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
MSH

quality of firmness produced by cohesion of the particles composing a substance, observed by its inflexibility or resistance to indentation or distortion.
CSP

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tvrdost – testy

A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

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harmalin

A beta-carboline alkaloid isolated from seeds of PEGANUM.
MSH

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harmin

Alkaloid isolated from seeds of Peganum harmala L., Zygophyllaceae. It is identical to banisterine, or telepathine, from Banisteria caapi and is one of the active ingredients of hallucinogenic drinks made in the western Amazon region from related plants. It has no therapeutic use, but (as banisterine) was hailed as a cure for postencephalitic Parkinson disease in the 1920`s.
MSH

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haringtoniny

Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS. They are esters of the alkaloid cephalotaxine and may be effective as antineoplastic agents.
MSH

tetracyclic spiro-benzazepine isolated from the seeds of Cephalotaxus; esters of the alkaloid cephalotaxine may be effective as antineoplastic agents.
CSP

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Hartmannella

A genus of free-living amoebae found in fresh water. The cysts usually pass harmlessly through the intestinal tract of man and may thus be found in feces. Occasionally, these organisms cause respiratory tract infections or generalized fatal meningoencephalitis.
MSH

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Hartnupova nemoc

An autosomal recessive disorder due to defective absorption of NEUTRAL AMINO ACIDS by both the intestine and the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. The abnormal urinary loss of TRYPTOPHAN, a precursor of NIACIN, leads to a NICOTINAMIDE deficiency, PELLAGRA-like light-sensitive rash, CEREBELLAR ATAXIA, emotional instability, and aminoaciduria. Mutations involve the neurotransmitter transporter gene SLC6A19.
MSH

disorder of amino acid transport characterized by the childhood (or rarely adult) onset of photosensitive dermatitis and intermittent neurologic symptoms; ataxia, personality changes, migraine headaches, and photophobia may occur periodically; results from impaired sodium-dependent transport of neutral amino acids across the brush border membrane of the small intestine and renal tubular epithelium.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC6A19 gene. It is characterized by defective absorption of neutral amino acids. Signs and symptoms include skin eruptions reminiscent of pellagra, aminoaciduria, and cerebellar ataxia.
NCI

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virus myšího sarkomu Harveyové

A replication-defective mouse sarcoma virus (SARCOMA VIRUSES, MURINE) first described by J.J. Harvey in 1964.
MSH

A replication-defective mouse sarcoma virus first described by J.J. Harvey in 1964. The ras gene was first identified in this virus.
NCI

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nenávist

An enduring attitude or sentiment toward persons or objects manifested by anger, aversion and desire for the misfortune of others.
MSH

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Havajské ostrovy

state of the United States of America, consisting of a chain of islands in the central Pacific Ocean; capitol city is Honolulu.
CSP

A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)
MSH

A pacific island state in the United States. Its capital is Honolulu.
NCI

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sezónní alergická rýma

seasonal variety of allergic rhinitis, marked by acute conjunctivitis with lacrimation and itching; regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific allergens.
CSP

Each spring, summer, and fall, trees, weeds and grasses release tiny pollen grains into the air. Some of the pollen ends up in your nose and throat. This can trigger a type of allergy called hay fever.

Symptoms can include

  • Sneezing, often with a runny or clogged nose
  • Coughing and postnasal drip
  • Itching eyes, nose and throat
  • Dark circles under the eyes

Taking medicines, using nasal sprays and rinsing out your nose can relieve symptoms. Allergy shots can help make you less sensitive to pollen and provide long-term relief.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Allergic rhinitis caused by outdoor allergens.
NCI

Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.
MSH

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nebezpečné látky

Substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as additives to food, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion. The concept includes safe handling, transportation, and storage of these substances.
MSH

substances which, upon release into the atmosphere, water, or soil, or which, in direct contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membranes, or as a food additive, cause health risks to humans or animals through absorption, inhalation, or ingestion.
CSP

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nebezpečný odpad

Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.
MSH

Even if you use them properly, many chemicals can still harm human health and the environment. When you throw these substances away, they become hazardous waste. Some hazardous wastes come from products in our homes. Our garbage can include such hazardous wastes as old batteries, bug spray cans and paint thinner. U.S. residents generate 1.6 million tons of household hazardous waste per year. Hazardous waste is also a by-product of manufacturing.

You may have hazardous wastes in your basement or garage. How do you get rid of them? Don`t pour them down the drain, flush them or put them in the garbage. See if you can donate or recycle. Many communities have household hazardous waste collection programs. Check to see if there is one in your area.

Environmental Protection Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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hlava

Body part, which consists of a maximal set of diverse subclasses of organ and organ part spatially associated with the skull, it is partially surrounded by skin of head. Examples: There is only one head.
UWDA

upper, anterior, or proximal extremity of a structure or body, especially that part of an organism which contains the brain and the organs of special sense.
CSP

Cardinal body part, which consists of a maximal set of diverse subclasses of organ and organ part spatially associated with the skull, it is partially surrounded by skin of head. Examples: There is only one head.
FMA

The anterior and superior part of a human or animal bearing the mouth, the brain and sensory organs.
NCI

The anterior and superior part of a human bearing the mouth, the brain and sensory organs.
NCI

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hlava a krk – nádory

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
MSH

new abnormal tissue from head or neck areas of the body that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm affecting one of the following areas: base of skull and facial bones, sinuses, orbits, salivary glands, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, thyroid, facial and neck musculature and lymph nodes draining these areas.
NCI

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kraniocerebrální poranění

Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
MSH

Chances are you`ve bumped your head before. Usually, the injury is minor because your skull is hard and it protects your brain. But other head injuries can be more severe, such as a skull fracture, concussion, or traumatic brain injury.

Head injuries can be open or closed. A closed injury does not break through the skull. With an open, or penetrating, injury, an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Closed injuries are not always less severe than open injuries.

Some common causes of head injuries are falls, motor vehicle accidents, violence, and sports injuries.

It is important to know the warning signs of a moderate or severe head injury. Get help immediately if the injured person has

  • A headache that gets worse or does not go away
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • An inability to wake up
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
  • Loss of coordination
  • Increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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hlava – ochranné prostředky

Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
MSH

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ZEFALEA (ESKL.DOLOR R09,MIGRANA N89)

The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
MSH

pain in the cranial region that may occur as an isolated and benign symptom or as a manifestation of a wide variety of conditions.
CSP

Oh my aching head! Nearly everyone has had a headache. The most common type of headache is a tension headache. Tension headaches are due to tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and jaw. They are often related to stress, depression or anxiety. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too much, don`t get enough sleep, miss meals or use alcohol.

Other common types of headaches include migraines, cluster headaches and sinus headaches. Most people can feel much better by making lifestyle changes, learning ways to relax and taking pain relievers.

Headaches can have many causes, but serious causes of headaches are rare. Sometimes headaches warn of a more serious disorder. Let your health care provider know if you have sudden, severe headaches. Get medical help right away if you have a headache after a blow to your head, or if you have a headache along with a stiff neck, fever, confusion, loss of consciousness or pain in the eye or ear.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in various parts of the head, not confined to the area of distribution of any nerve.
NCI

Pain in various parts of the head, not confined to the area of distribution of any nerve.
NCI

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Headgear, orthodontie

An extraoral orthodontic appliance designed to create traction for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.
NCI

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zdraví

The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
MSH

state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
CSP

The physical and mental integrity of the subjects participating in a clinical trial. [ICH]
NCI

Refers to a person`s state of physical, mental and social well-being; usually it refers specifically to the state of being in good health, a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and does not consist only of the absence of disease or infirmity. In any organism health constitutes a form of homeostasis with inputs and outputs of energy and mass in approximate equilibrium allowing for growth and continued survival. In humans, a subjective feeling of well-being coming from somatic and cognitive perceptions is considered an essential component of health.
NCI

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zdravé chování

Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
MSH

human attitudes and behaviors related to health; e.g., diet, exercise, care-seeking, substance avoidance, therapy compliance, etc.
CSP

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nemocenské dávky pracujícím – plány

Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
MSH

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zdravotní péče – koalice

Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
MSH

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zdravotní péče – přidělování

Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
MSH

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zdravotní výchova

Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
MSH

educating patients and the public in areas of health concern; do not confuse with the education of health care personnel, such as physicians, dentists, etc, see appropriate terms under HEALTH CARE PERSONNEL EDUCATION; however, for the narrower terms, the training of medical personnel about those fields is included and may be postcoordinated with a health care personnel education term, ie neoplasm/cancer education may be postcoordinated with medical education.
CSP

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zdravotní výchova zubní

Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
MSH

education to the public which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis; for education for the professional care of teeth use DENTISTRY EDUCATION.
CSP

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zdravotnická zařízení

institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
CSP

Health facilities are places that provide health care. They include hospitals, clinics, outpatient care centers and specialized care centers, such as birthing centers and psychiatric care centers.

When you choose a health facility, you might want to consider

  • How close it is
  • Whether your health insurance will pay for services there
  • Whether your health care provider can treat you there
  • The quality of the facility

Quality is important. Some facilities do a better job than others. One way to learn about the quality of a facility is to look at report cards developed by state and consumer groups.


MEDLINEPLUS

An organization that devotes some or all of its resources (people, places, things) to the delivery of healthcare services (including the financial and administrative management of those resources). A healthcare facility may be manifest as a single physical location (e.g. building), or, alternatively, as a distributed collection of physical spaces. EXAMPLE(S): Northwestern Memorial Hospital
NCI

The buildings and organizations where healthcare services are provided.
NCI

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