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zdravotnické služby pro staré lidi

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
MSH

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zdravotnické služby – zneužívání

Excessive or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.
MSH

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zdravotnické služby – potřeby a požadavky

Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
MSH

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zdravotnické služby – výzkum

The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
MSH

Description:Activities conducted for the purposes of obtaining healthcare knowledge.


HL7V3.0

The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
NCI

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zdravotnické služby domorodé

Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
MSH

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zdravotní stav

The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
MSH

A person becomes eligible for a program because of a qualifying health condition or injury.

Examples: A person is determined to have a qualifying health conditions include pregnancy, HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis, end stage renal disease, breast or cervical cancer, or other condition requiring specialized health services, hospice, institutional or community based care provided under a program


HL7V3.0

Code specifying non-clinical indicators related to health status used to assess or establish eligibility for coverage under a policy or program, e.g., pregnancy, disability, drug use, mental health issues.


HL7V3.0

The state of a subject`s mental or physical condition.
NCI

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zdravotní stav – ukazatelé

The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
MSH

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zdravotnické přehledy

a systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
CSP

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agentury pro zdravotnické systémy

Health planning and resources development agencies which function in each health service area of the United States (PL 93-641).
MSH

a department of government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and health services.
CSP

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zdravotní péče – plánování

Statements of goals for the delivery of health services pertaining to the Health Systems Agency service area, established under PL 93-641, and consistent with national guidelines for health planning.
MSH

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efekt zdravého dělníka

Phenomenon of workers` usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.
MSH

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sluch

The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
MSH

sensation of sound.
CSP

The series of events required for an organism to receive an auditory stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. Sonic stimuli are detected in the form of vibrations and are processed to form a sound. [GOC:ai]
GO

process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized and interpreted by the organism.
CSP

The auditory faculty, the perception of sound by the ear.
NCI

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sluchové pomůcky

Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing; devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids.
CSP

A hearing aid is a small electronic device that you wear in or behind your ear. It magnifies sound vibrations entering the ear. That makes some sounds louder. A hearing aid can help people hear more in both quiet and noisy situations.

Hearing aids help people who have hearing loss from damage to the small sensory cells in the inner ear. The damage can occur as a result of disease, aging, or injury from noise or certain medicines.

Only about one out of five people who would benefit from a hearing aid actually uses one. If you think a hearing aid could help you, visit your doctor.

NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders


MEDLINEPLUS

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nedoslýchavost bilaterální

Partial hearing loss in both ears.
MSH

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nedoslýchavost centrální

Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.
MSH

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nedoslýchavost převodní

Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.
MSH

involves lesions of the external and middle ear resulting in malconduction of airborne sound.
CSP

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nedoslýchavost funkční

Hearing loss without a physical basis. Often observed in patients with psychological or behavioral disorders.
MSH

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nedoslýchavost vysokých frekvencí

Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.
MSH

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nedoslýchavost z hluku

Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
MSH

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nedoslýchavost percepční

Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.
MSH

due to lesions of the cochlea and the auditory division of the eighth cranial nerve; problem of cellular dysfunction rather than airborne conduction.
CSP

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sluchové testy

a general term for the measurement of hearing.
CSP

A graphic record of the softest sounds that a person can hear at various frequencies, used to measure hearing loss.
NCI

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srdce

The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
MSH

Organ with cavitated organ parts, which is connected to the systemic and pulmonary arterial and venous trees. Examples: There is only one heart.
UWDA

hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
CSP

Organ with cavitated organ parts, which is continuous with the systemic and
pulmonary arterial and venous trees. Examples: There is only one heart.
FMA

A hollow muscular organ which receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. It is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves — right or venous and left or arterial — each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle). (NCI)
NCI

A hollow organ located slightly to the left of the middle portion of the chest. It is composed of muscle and it is divided by a septum into two sides: the right side which receives de-oxygenated blood from the body and the left side which sends newly oxygenated blood to the body. Each side is composed of two chambers: the atrium (receiving blood) and ventricle (ejecting blood).
NCI

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srdce – aneurysma

A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.
MSH

aneurysmal dilatation of a portion of the wall of the ventricle, usually the left, or, rarely, a saccular protrusion through it (false aneurysm of the heart); usually consequent to myocardial infarction but other causes such as bacterial endocarditis or trauma have been described.
CSP

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srdce – zástava

Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.
MSH

cessation of the heart beat.
CSP

Sudden cessation of the pumping function of the heart, with disappearance of arterial blood pressure, connoting either ventricular fibrillation or ventricular standstill.
NCI

The heart has an internal electrical system that controls the rhythm of the heartbeat. Problems can cause abnormal heart rhythms, called arrhythmias. There are many types of arrhythmia. During an arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or it can stop beating. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart develops an arrhythmia that causes it to stop beating. This is different than a heart attack, where the heart usually continues to beat but blood flow to the heart is blocked.

There are many possible causes of cardiac arrest. They include coronary heart disease, heart attack, electrocution, drowning, or choking. There may not be a known cause to the cardiac arrest.

Without medical attention, the person will die within a few minutes. People are less likely to die if they have early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. Defibrillation is delivering an electric shock to restore the heart rhythm to normal.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Sudden cessation of the pumping function of the heart, with disappearance of arterial blood pressure, connoting either ventricular fibrillation or ventricular standstill.
NCI

A disorder characterized by cessation of the pumping function of the heart.
NCI

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srdce – zástava umělá

A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).
MSH

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srdeční síně

upper right or left chambers of the heart.
CSP

General anatomical term which refers to a chamber or cavity to which are connected one or more chambers or passageways. Examples: right atrium of heart, atrium of middle nasal meatus, atrium of tympanic cavity, atrium of alveolus.
FMA

Cardiac chamber which consists of a wall that surrounds the cavity of an atrium.
FMA

The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
MSH

Of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body, especially one of the upper chambers of the heart.
NCI

The paired upper chambers of the heart. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vein and pumps blood into the left ventricle. The right atrium receives venous deoxygenated blood from the entire body via the superior and inferior vena cavae and pumps blood into the right ventricle.
NCI

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srdce – poslech

Act of listening for sounds within the heart.
MSH

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srdce – blokáda

Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.
MSH

impairment of conduction in heart excitation; often applied specifically to atrioventricular heart block.
CSP

An impairment of transmission of the cardiac electrical impulse along the fibers normally responsible impulse propagation.
NCI

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srdce – katetrizace

Procedure which includes placement of catheter, recording of intracardiac and intravascular pressure, obtaining blood samples for chemical analysis, and cardiac output measurement, etc. Specific angiographic injection techniques are also involved.
MSH

procedure which includes insertion of a tubular device into the heart for recording of intracardiac and intravascular pressure, obtaining blood samples for chemical analysis, and cardiac output measurement, injecting or withdrawing fluids, etc.
CSP

A procedure in which a thin plastic tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery or vein in the arm or leg and then advanced into the chambers of the heart or into the coronary arteries. Catheterization can measure blood pressure within the heart and how much oxygen is in the blood. It`s also used to get information about the pumping ability of the heart muscle. Catheters are also used to inject dye into the coronary arteries. Catheters with a balloon on the tip are used in the procedure called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
NCI

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srdce – převodní systém

An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
MSH

impulse conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle and having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
CSP

Conducting tissue of heart which consists of specialized cardiac myocyte in the myocardium.
FMA

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