Additional pages

vrozené srdeční vady

Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
MSH

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of major birth defect.

A baby`s heart begins to develop shortly after conception. During development, structural defects can occur. These defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart and the arteries and veins near the heart. Congenital heart defects can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can

  • Slow down
  • Go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place
  • Be blocked completely

Treatment for the defect can include medicines, surgery and other medical proceduresand heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type and severity of the defect and a child`s age, size and general health. Today, many children born with complex heart defects grow to adulthood and lead productive lives.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Imperfections or malformations of the heart, existing at birth
CHV

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – nemoci

Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the heart.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the cardiac system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

If you`re like most people, you think that heart disease is a problem for other folks. But heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many different forms of heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary artery disease and happens slowly over time. It`s the major reason people have heart attacks.

Other kinds of heart problems may happen to the valves in the heart, or the heart may not pump well and cause heart failure. Some people are born with heart disease.

You can help reduce your risk of heart disease by taking steps to control factors that put you at greater risk:

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the cardiac system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kardiomegalie

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
MSH

hypertrophy or enlargement of the heart.
CSP

Abnormal enlargement of the heart.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

DESKONPENTSAZIO KARDIAKOA

inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate to fill tissue metabolic requirements or the ability to do so only at an elevated filling pressure.
CSP

Inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate to meet tissue metabolic requirements or the ability to do so only at an elevated filling pressure.
NCI

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
MSH

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can`t pump enough blood throughout the body. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart is not able to pump blood the way it should.

The weakening of the heart`s pumping ability causes

  • Blood and fluid to back up into the lungs
  • The buildup of fluid in the feet, ankles and legs – called edema
  • Tiredness and shortness of breath

The leading causes of heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and diabetes.

Treatment includes treating the underlying cause of your heart failure, medicines, and heart transplantation if other treatments fail.

Heart failure is a serious condition. About 5 million people in the U.S. have heart failure. It contributes to 300,000 deaths each year.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate to fill tissue metabolic requirements or the ability to do so only at an elevated filling pressure.
NCI

A disorder characterized by the inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate volume to meet tissue metabolic requirements, or, the ability to do so only at an elevation in the filling pressure.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

městnavé srdeční selhání

complication of heart diseases; defective cardiac filling and/or impaired contraction and emptying, resulting in the heart`s inability to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues or to be able to do so only with an elevated filling pressure.
CSP

Weakness of the heart muscle that leads to a buildup of fluid in body tissues.
NCI

Heart failure accompanied by EDEMA, such as swelling of the legs and ankles and congestion in the lungs.
MSH

Failure of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues, resulting in tissue congestion and edema. Signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – poranění

General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – masáž

Rhythmic compression of the heart by pressure applied manually over the sternum (closed heart massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open heart massage). It is done to reinstate and maintain circulation. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

BIHOTZ PUTZALDIA EZ

Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
MSH

A periodic humming or blowing sound heard on auscultation of the heart that can indicate the presence of cardiac disease; murmurs are the result of vibrations caused by the turbulent flow of blood in the heart or great vessels. Murmurs are characterized according to the area of generation (mitral, aortic, tricuspid, or pulmonary) and according to the period of the cycle (systolic or diastolic).
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – nádory

Tumors in any part of the heart. They include primary cardiac tumors and metastatic tumors to the heart. Their interference with normal cardiac functions can cause a wide variety of symptoms including HEART FAILURE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; or EMBOLISM.
MSH

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm affecting the heart.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční frekvence

The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
MSH

number of times the heart ventricles contract per unit of time.
CSP

The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually expressed as beats per minute.
NCI

The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually expressed as beats per minute. (NCI)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční frekvence fetální

The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
MSH

The number of fetal cardiac beats per minute.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – ruptura

Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – ruptura poinfarktová

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – defekty septa

Abnormalities in any part of the HEART SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communication between the left and the right chambers of the heart. The abnormal blood flow inside the heart may be caused by defects in the ATRIAL SEPTUM, the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM, or both.
MSH

defects in the cardiac septa, resulting in abnormal communications between the opposite chambers of the heart that exist at, and usually before, birth regardless of their causation.
CSP

A congenital disorder characterized by the presence of an abnormal communication between the atria or the ventricles of the heart due to defects in the cardiac septum.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – defekty síňového septa

Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.
MSH

A congenital disorder characterized by the presence of a defect (opening) in the septum that separates the two atria of the heart. The atrial septal opening that is present in the fetus and normally closes within weeks or months after birth.
NCI

defect in the wall between the lower chambers of the heart
CHV

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – defekty komorového septa

Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.
MSH

A congenital disorder characterized by the presence of a defect (opening) in the septum that separates the two ventricles of the heart. It causes oxygenated blood to flow from the left to the right ventricle and to the pulmonary circulation. If untreated, it may result in pulmonary hypertension.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční septum

This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.
MSH

thin membranous structure between the two heart atria or the thick muscular structure between the two heart ventricles.
CSP

The tissue in the heart that separates the two atria (atrial septum) and the two ventricles (ventricular septum).
NCI

Septum of organ which has as its parts the membranous and muscular parts that separates the right side of the heart from the left side of the heart.
FMA

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční ozvy

The sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart. There are four distinct sounds: the first occurs at the beginning of SYSTOLE and is heard as a “lubb” sound; the second is produced by the closing of the AORTIC VALVE and PULMONARY VALVE and is heard as a “dupp” sound; the third is produced by vibrations of the ventricular walls when suddenly distended by the rush of blood from the HEART ATRIA; and the fourth is produced by atrial contraction and ventricular filling.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kardiochirurgické výkony

procedures performed on the heart, used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
CSP

Surgery performed on the heart.
MSH

Each day, thousands of people in the U.S. have heart surgery. There are many different types of heart surgery. Surgeries may be used to

  • Repair or replace the valves that control blood flow through the heart`s chambers
  • Bypass or widen blocked or narrowed arteries to the heart
  • Repair aneurysms, or bulges in the aorta, which can be deadly if they burst
  • Implant devices to regulate heart rhythms
  • Destroy small amounts of tissue that disturb electrical flow through the heart
  • Make channels in the heart muscle to allow blood from a heart chamber directly into the heart muscle
  • Boost the heart`s pumping power with muscles taken from the back or abdomen
  • Replace the damaged heart with a heart from a donor


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

transplantace srdce

The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.
MSH

transference of a heart or heart tissue between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
CSP

A heart transplant removes a damaged or diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy one. The healthy heart comes from a donor who has died. It is the last resort for people with heart failure when all other treatments have failed. Heart transplants are now the third most common organ transplant operation in the U.S.

Doctors may recommend a heart transplant for heart failure caused by


MEDLINEPLUS

A surgical procedure in which a damaged heart is removed and replaced by another heart from a suitable donor. It is performed in patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

nemoci srdečních chlopní

Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal functioning of heart valves.
CSP

Any heart disorder characterized by a defect in valve structure or function.
NCI

Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood flow through or out of your heart, and then shut to keep it from flowing backward. But sometimes they don`t work properly. What can happen?

  • Blood can leak back through the valve in the wrong direction, which is called regurgitation
  • One of the valves, the mitral valve, sometimes has "floppy" flaps and doesn`t close tightly. This is called mitral valve prolapse, and it`s one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation
  • When the valve doesn`t open enough, which blocks blood flow, it is called stenosis

Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures or surgery to repair or replace the valve.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce – chlopenní protézy

A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.
MSH

device that substitutes for a heart valve; may be composed of biological material and/or synthetic material.
CSP

An external limb prosthetic component is a device intended for medical purposes that, when put together with other appropriate components, constitutes a total prosthesis. Examples of external limb prosthetic components include the following: Ankle, foot, hip, knee, and socket components; mechanical or powered hand, hook, wrist unit, elbow joint, and shoulder joint components; and cable and prosthesis suction valves.
SPN

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční chlopně

flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of blood from the heart ventricles to the heart atria or from the pulmonary arteries or aorta to the ventricles.
CSP

Anatomical valve which has as its parts the endocardium and fibroelastic connective tissue attached to the fibrous ring of heart.
FMA

Any of the four heart valves, including the two atrioventricular valves and the two semilunar valves, that regulate the flow of blood through the chambers of the heart.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdeční komory

lower right and left chambers of the mammalian heart; the right ventricle pumps venous blood into the lungs and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
CSP

Cardiac chamber which consists of a wall that surrounds the cavity of a ventricle.
FMA

The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
MSH

The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right pumps venous blood into the lungs and the left pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation. (MeSH)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

umělé srdce

A pumping mechanism that duplicates the output, rate, and blood pressure of the natural heart. It may replace the function of the entire heart or a portion of it, and may be an intracorporeal, extracorporeal, or paracorporeal heart. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

pumping mechanism that duplicates the output, rate, and blood pressure of the natural heart; may replace the function of the entire heart or a portion of it, and may be an intracorporeal, extracorporeal, or paracorporeal heart.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

přístroj pro mimotělní oběh

Apparatus that provides mechanical circulatory support during open-heart surgery, by passing the heart to facilitate surgery on the organ. The basic function of the machine is to oxygenate the body`s venous supply of blood and then pump it back into the arterial system. The machine also provides intracardiac suction, filtration, and temperature control. Some of the more important components of these machines include pumps, oxygenators, temperature regulators, and filters. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

podpůrné srdeční systémy

Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the left ventricle, to pump blood; they consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors; the devices are used after myocardial infarction or to wean the repaired heart from the heart-lung machine after open-heart surgery.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

srdce a plíce – transplantace

The simultaneous, or near simultaneous, transference of heart and lungs from one human or animal to another.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

URDAIL SAMINTASUNA/BIOTZERRE

Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.
MSH

Almost everyone has heartburn sometimes. Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in your chest or throat. It happens when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. If you have heartburn more than twice a week, you may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). With GERD, the muscles at the end of your esophagus do not close tightly enough. This allows contents of the stomach to back up, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it.

Pregnancy, certain foods, alcohol and some medications can bring on heartburn. Treating heartburn is important because over time reflux can damage the esophagus. Over-the-counter medicines may help. If the heartburn continues, you may need prescription medicines or surgery.

If you have other symptoms such as crushing chest pain, it could be a heart attack. Get help immediately.


MEDLINEPLUS

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

hydroperikarditida

A tick-borne septicemic disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by EHRLICHIA RUMINANTIUM.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…