Additional pages

Hematosalpinx

The presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

A disorder characterized by the presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

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hematoxylin

A dye obtained from the heartwood of logwood (Haematoxylon campechianum Linn., Leguminosae) used as a stain in microscopy and in the manufacture of ink.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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PIXEAN ODOLA

presence of blood in the urine.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate blood in the urine.
NCI

Blood in the urine.
NCI

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hem

The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.
MSH

iron-porphyrin complex that is the color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin; found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.
CSP

A prosthetic group that consists of an iron atom contained in the center of a large heterocyclic organic ring called a porphyrin.
NCI

The part of certain molecules that contains iron. The heme part of hemoglobin is the substance inside red blood cells that binds to oxygen in the lungs and carries it to the tissues.
NCI

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hemová oxygenasa (decyklizující)

A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
MSH

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hemeproteiny

Proteins that contain an iron-porphyrin, or heme, prosthetic group resembling that of hemoglobin. (From Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p480)
MSH

conjugated protein containing heme as the prosthetic group.
CSP

Proteins that contain a metal-containing cofactor that consists of an iron atom contained in the center of a large heterocyclic organic ring called a porphyrin. One of the main functions of heme proteins is the retention of molecular oxygen to deliver it for enzymatic reactions. As a result, many heme-containing enzymes are located in the mitochondrion.
NCI

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hemerythrin

A non-heme iron protein consisting of eight apparently identical subunits each containing 2 iron atoms. It binds one molecule of oxygen per pair of iron atoms and functions as a respiratory protein.
MSH

protein found in the blood of earthworms which imparts its red color.
CSP

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hemianopsie

Partial or complete loss of vision in one half of the visual field(s) of one or both eyes. Subtypes include altitudinal hemianopsia, characterized by a visual defect above or below the horizontal meridian of the visual field. Homonymous hemianopsia refers to a visual defect that affects both eyes equally, and occurs either to the left or right of the midline of the visual field. Binasal hemianopsia consists of loss of vision in the nasal hemifields of both eyes. Bitemporal hemianopsia is the bilateral loss of vision in the temporal fields. Quadrantanopsia refers to loss of vision in one quarter of the visual field in one or both eyes.
MSH

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krevní a imunitní systémy

Organs involved in the production of BLOOD, including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defense against foreign organisms or substances.
MSH

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krevní a lymfatické nemoci

Hematologic diseases and diseases of the lymphatic system collectively. Hemic diseases include disorders involving the formed elements (e.g., ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION, INTRAVASCULAR) and chemical components (e.g., BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS); lymphatic diseases include disorders relating to lymph, lymph nodes, and lymphocytes.
MSH

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hemicholinium 3

A potent inhibitor of the high affinity uptake system for CHOLINE. It has less effect on the low affinity uptake system. Since choline is one of the components of ACETYLCHOLINE, treatment with hemicholinium can deplete acetylcholine from cholinergic terminals. Hemicholinium 3 is commonly used as a research tool in animal and in vitro experiments.
MSH

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hemin

Chloro(7,12-diethenyl-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-dipropanoato(4-)-N(21),N(22),N(23),N(24)) ferrate(2-) dihydrogen.
MSH

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hemipelvektomie

Amputation of a lower limb through the sacroiliac joint.
MSH

Amputation of a lower limb and part of the pelvis through the sacroiliac joint.
NCI

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hemiplegie

Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
MSH

severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body; this condition is usually caused by brain diseases that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness; less frequently, brain stem lesions; cervical spinal cord diseases, peripheral nervous system diseases, and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia.
CSP

Paralysis of one side of the body.
NCI

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Hemiptera

A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
MSH

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hemobilie

Hemorrhage in or through the BILIARY TRACT due to trauma, inflammation, CHOLELITHIASIS, vascular disease, or neoplasms.
MSH

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hemochromatóza

WHAT: Hemochromatosis: Hemochromatosis: a disorder of iron metabolism characterized by excess deposition of iron in the tissues, especially the liver. It is characterized by pigmentation of the skin, hepatic cirrhosis, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, cardiomyopathy and endocrinopathy (especially hypogonadism). Mainly seen in men over the age of 40 years. It has an associated arthropathy distinguished by involvement of the metacarpophalangeal joints (particularly the second and third), wrists, knees, shoulders, and hips. There is often an associated chondrocalcinosis.
AIR

A disorder due to the deposition of hemosiderin in the parenchymal cells, causing tissue damage and dysfunction of the liver, pancreas, heart, and pituitary. Full development of the disease in women is restricted by menstruation, pregnancy, and lower dietary intake of iron. Acquired hemochromatosis may be the result of blood transfusions, excessive dietary iron, or secondary to other disease. Idiopathic or genetic hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder of metabolism associated with a gene tightly linked to the A locus of the HLA complex on chromosome 6. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation or interruption in the storage of iron in the body.
CSP

Hemochromatosis is an inherited disease in which too much iron builds up in your body. It is one of the most common genetic diseases in the United States.

Iron is a mineral found in many foods. Your body normally absorbs about 10 percent of the iron in the food you eat. If you have hemochromatosis, you absorb more iron than you need. Your body has no natural way to get rid of the extra iron. It stores it in body tissues, especially the liver, heart and pancreas. The extra iron can damage your organs. Without treatment, it can cause your organs to fail.

The most common treatment is to remove some blood, just like when you donate blood. This is called therapeutic phlebotomy. Medicines may also help remove the extra iron. Your doctor might suggest some changes in your diet.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

An inherited metabolic disorder characterized by iron accumulation in the tissues.
NCI

A condition in which the body takes up and stores more iron than it needs. The extra iron is stored in the liver, heart, and pancreas, which may cause liver disease, heart problems, organ failure, and cancer. It may also cause bronze skin, diabetes, pain in the joints and abdomen, tiredness, and impotence. Hemochromatosis may be inherited, or it may be caused by blood transfusions.
NCI

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hemokyanin

protein found in the blood of mollusks and arthropods which imparts its blue color.
CSP

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hemocyty

Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
MSH

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Hemodialýza

therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the blood by the kidneys based on dialysis.
CSP

Removal of certain elements from the blood based on the difference in their rates of diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
MSH

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hemodialyzační roztoky

Solutions prepared for hemodialysis. The composition of the pre-dialysis solution may be varied in order to determine the effect of solvated metabolites on anoxia, malnutrition, acid-base balance, etc. Of principal interest are the effect of the choice of buffers (e.g., acetate or carbonate), the addition of cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+), and addition of carbohydrates (glucose).
MSH

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hemodialyzační jednotky nemocnice

Hospital units in which care is provided the hemodialysis patient. This includes hemodialysis centers in hospitals.
MSH

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hemodialýza doma

Long-term maintenance hemodialysis in the home.
MSH

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hemodiluce

Reduction of blood viscosity usually by the addition of cell free solutions. Used clinically (1) in states of impaired microcirculation, (2) for replacement of intraoperative blood loss without homologous blood transfusion, and (3) in cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia.
MSH

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hemodynamika

study of the movements of the blood and of the forces concerned therein.
CSP

The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
MSH

the study of the movements of the blood and of the forces concerned therein
CHV

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hemofiltrace

Extracorporeal ultrafiltration technique without hemodialysis for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.
MSH

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hemoglobin A

Normal adult human hemoglobin. The globin moiety consists of two alpha and two beta chains.
MSH

normal adult hemoglobin, composed of 2 alpha and 2 beta chains.
CSP

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hemoglobin A glykosylovaný

Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
MSH

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hemoglobin A2

An adult hemoglobin component normally present in hemolysates from human erythrocytes in concentrations of about 3%. The hemoglobin is composed of two alpha chains and two delta chains. The percentage of HbA2 varies in some hematologic disorders, but is about double in beta-thalassemia.
MSH

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hemoglobin C

A commonly occurring abnormal hemoglobin in which lysine replaces a glutamic acid residue at the sixth position of the beta chains. It results in reduced plasticity of erythrocytes.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin caused by a point mutation in the beta chains, associated with splenomegaly, jaundice, or mild hemolytic anemia.
CSP

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