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homosteroidy

Steroids whose structure has been expanded by the addition of one or more carbon atoms to the ring skeleton in any of the four rings.
MSH

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homozygot

An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.
MSH

an individual or cell characterized by having identical alleles at one or more loci in homologous chromosome segments.
CSP

Having two identical allelic forms of a gene, one inherited from each parent, on each of the two homologous chromosomes.
NCI

Occurs when both alleles at a particular gene locus are the same. A person may be homozygous for the normal allele or for a mutation.
NCI

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Honduras

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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med

A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
MSH

A sweet and viscous fluid produced by honey bees from flower nectar and other plant fluids.
NCI

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Hongkong

The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
MSH

A special administrative region of China, bordering the South China Sea and China. (NCI)
NCI

A special administrative region of China, bordering the South China Sea and China. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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hlísti oblí – infekce

Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
MSH

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hordeolum

Purulent infection of one of the sebaceous glands of Zeis along the eyelid margin (external) or of the meibomian gland on the conjunctival side of the eyelid (internal).
MSH

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hormony – antagonisté

Chemical substances which inhibit the function of the endocrine glands, the biosynthesis of their secreted hormones, or the action of hormones upon their specific sites.
MSH

substance or agent which suppresses, prevents or opposes the actions of hormones.
CSP

Substances that inhibit or antagonize the function of the endocrine glands, the biosynthesis or biological effect of secreted hormones.
NCI

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Hormone Receptor

postcoordinate with specific hormone terms if needed.
CSP

A cell protein that binds a specific hormone. The hormone receptor may be on the surface of the cell or inside the cell. Many changes take place in a cell after a hormone binds to its receptor.
NCI

Ligand binding proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell. The hormone receptor can be cytoplasmic/nuclear, or associated with the cell membrane in the case of receptors whose ligands cannot penetrate the membrane.
NCI

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hormony

Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.
MSH

chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs, especially substances secreted by various endocrine glands and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs.
CSP

Hormones are your body`s chemical messengers. They travel in your bloodstream to tissues or organs. They work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes, including

  • Growth and development
  • Metabolism – how your body gets energy from the foods you eat
  • Sexual function
  • Reproduction
  • Mood

Endocrine glands, which are special groups of cells, make hormones. The major endocrine glands are the pituitary, pineal, thymus, thyroid, adrenal glands and pancreas. In addition, men produce hormones in their testes and women produce them in their ovaries.

Hormones are powerful. It takes only a tiny amount to cause big changes in cells or even your whole body. That is why too much or too little of a certain hormone can be serious. Laboratory tests can measure the hormone levels in your blood, urine or saliva. Your health care provider may perform these tests if you have symptoms of a hormone disorder. Home pregnancy tests are similar – they test for pregnancy hormones in your urine.


MEDLINEPLUS

One of many chemicals made by glands in the body. Hormones circulate in the bloodstream and control the actions of certain cells or organs. Some hormones can also be made in the laboratory.
NCI

Any synthetic or animal-derived agent that is chemically identical or similar to an endogenous hormone with therapeutic application.
NCI

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hormony ektopické

Hormones released from neoplasms or from other cells that are not the usual sources of hormones.
MSH

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hormony, hormonální náhražky a antagonisté

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists.
MSH

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hormone analog

synthetic or natural chemical compounds which resemble naturally occurring hormones in structure and/or function.
CSP

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Hornerův syndrom

A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)
MSH

syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye; clinical features include miosis, mild blepharoptosis, and hemifacial anhidrosis (decreased sweating); lesions of the brain stem, cervical spinal cord, first thoracic nerve root, apex of the lung, carotid artery, cavernous sinus, and apex of the orbit may cause this condition.
CSP

A condition in which one side of the face is flushed, does not produce sweat, and has a constricted pupil and drooping eyelid. It can be caused by an injury to, or paralysis of, nerves in the neck, or by a tumor.
NCI

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koně – nemoci

Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
MSH

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křenová peroxidasa

An enzyme isolated from horseradish which is able to act as an antigen. It is frequently used as a histochemical tracer for light and electron microscopy. Its antigenicity has permitted its use as a combined antigen and marker in experimental immunology.
MSH

nonEC; a peroxidase isolated from the horseradish plant and used in a variety of light and electron microscopic staining procedures; phagocytosed HRP has extraordinary intracellular survival time and can be used to trace intercellular gap connections, neuronal transport, and vesicle flux.
CSP

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koně

Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
MSH

large solid-hoofed herbivorous mammal (Equus caballus, family Equidae, the horse family) domesticated since a prehistoric period and used as a beast of burden, a draft animal, or for riding.
CSP

The domestic horse, Equus caballus.
NCI

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Xiphosura

An arthropod subclass (Xiphosura) comprising the North American (Limulus) and Asiatic (Tachypleus) genera of horseshoe crabs.
MSH

only living member of the class Malacostraca; not a true crab; body has a broadly oval shell and a long slender tail; lives in a marine environment.
CSP

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hospice

Facilities or services which are especially devoted to providing palliative and supportive care to the patient with a terminal illness and to the patient`s family.
MSH

facility that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families.
CSP

An establishment that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families via physical, psychological, social and other forms of care.
NCI

program that provides spiritual, emotional, and physical care to terminally ill patients and their family
CHV

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nemocnice – řízení

Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
NCI

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správní pracovníci nemocnice

Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.
MSH

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nemocniční pomocníci

Volunteer organizations whose members perform work for the hospital without compensation.
MSH

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nemocnice – lůžková kapacita

The number of beds which a hospital has been designed and constructed to contain. It may also refer to the number of beds set up and staffed for use.
MSH

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nemocniční komunikační systémy

The transmission of messages to staff and patients within a hospital.
MSH

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nemocnice – oddělení

Major administrative divisions of the hospital.
MSH

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nemocnice – design a konstrukce

The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.
MSH

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distribuční systémy nemocniční

Systems for delivering hospital supplies, food, laundry, etc., to patient care areas.
MSH

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nemocniční informační systémy

Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
MSH

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Ziekenhuisorganisatie en -bestuur

management of the internal organization of the hospital.
CSP

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nemocnice – plánování

Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
MSH

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