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hyperkalciurie

abnormally high calcium in the urine; may be due to hyperabsorption of calcium, with the formation of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate renal stones.
CSP

Excretion of abnormally high level of CALCIUM in the URINE, greater than 4 mg/kg/day.
MSH

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hyperkapnie

A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
MSH

excess carbon dioxide in the blood.
CSP

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hypercementóza

A regressive change of teeth characterized by excessive development of secondary cementum on the tooth surface. It may occur on any part of the root, but the apical two-thirds are most commonly affected. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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hypercholesterolémie

A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.
MSH

abnormally high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
CSP

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hyperlipoproteinémie typ II

characterized by increased plasma concentration of cholesterol carried in low density lipoproteins (LDL) and by a deficiency in a cell surface receptor which regulates LDL degradation and cholesterol synthesis.
CSP

A group of familial disorders characterized by elevated circulating cholesterol contained in either LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS alone or also in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (pre-beta lipoproteins).
MSH

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hyperemesis gravidarum

Intractable VOMITING that develops in early PREGNANCY and persists. This can lead to DEHYDRATION and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

Severe, intractable vomiting during pregnancy (usually the first trimester) accompanied by dehydration, weight loss, and electrolyte imbalances.
NCI

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hyperémie

The presence of an increased amount of blood in a body part or an organ leading to congestion or engorgement of blood vessels. Hyperemia can be due to increase of blood flow into the area (active or arterial), or due to obstruction of outflow of blood from the area (passive or venous).
MSH

The presence of an increased amount of blood in a part or organ; engorgement.
NCI

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hyperestézie

Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.
MSH

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hypergamaglobulinémie

An excess of GAMMA-GLOBULINS in the serum due to chronic infections or PARAPROTEINEMIAS.
MSH

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hyperglykémie

abnormally high blood glucose level.
CSP

Higher than normal amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood. Hyperglycemia can be a sign of diabetes or other conditions.
NCI

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance.
NCI

A high level of blood sugar. It is usually an indication of diabetes mellitus.
NCI

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hyperglykemické hyperosmolární neketotické kóma

A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.
MSH

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hyperhidróza

Excessive sweating. In the localized type, the most frequent sites are the palms, soles, axillae, inguinal folds, and the perineal area. Its chief cause is thought to be emotional. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be induced by a hot, humid environment, by fever, or by vigorous exercise.
MSH

Excessive perspiration.
NCI

A disorder characterized by excessive perspiration.
NCI

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hyperinzulinismus

A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
MSH

syndrome with excessively high insulin levels in the blood; it may cause hypoglycemia; etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor, autoantibodies against insulin, defective insulin receptor, or overuse of exogeneous insulin or hypoglycemic agents.
CSP

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hyperkalémie

Abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, most often due to defective renal excretion. It is characterized clinically by electrocardiographic abnormalities (elevated T waves and depressed P waves, and eventually by atrial asystole). In severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, most often due to defective renal excretion; characterized clinically by electrocardiographic abnormalities; in severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of potassium in the blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs.
NCI

Higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs.
NCI

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hyperlipidémie

excess of lipids in the blood.
CSP

Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
MSH

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hyperlipidémie familiární kombinovaná

A type of familial lipid metabolism disorder characterized by a variable pattern of elevated plasma CHOLESTEROL and/or TRIGLYCERIDES. Multiple genes on different chromosomes may be involved, such as the major late transcription factor (UPSTREAM STIMULATORY FACTORS) on CHROMOSOME 1.
MSH

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hyperlipoproteinémie

metabolic disease characterized by excess plasma lipoproteins, due to a disorder of lipoprotein metabolism; may be acquired or familial.
CSP

Conditions with abnormally elevated levels of LIPOPROTEINS in the blood. They may be inherited, acquired, primary, or secondary. Hyperlipoproteinemias are classified according to the pattern of lipoproteins on electrophoresis or ultracentrifugation.
MSH

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hyperlipoproteinémie typ III

An autosomal recessively inherited disorder characterized by the accumulation of intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL or broad-beta-lipoprotein). IDL has a CHOLESTEROL to TRIGLYCERIDES ratio greater than that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. This disorder is due to mutation of APOLIPOPROTEINS E, a receptor-binding component of VLDL and CHYLOMICRONS, resulting in their reduced clearance and high plasma levels of both cholesterol and triglycerides.
MSH

rather uncommon form of familial hyperlipemia characterized by the presence of lipoproteins of abnormal composition; the main abnormal lipoproteins are called beta-VLDL and have a different apoprotein content and a higher proportion of cholesterol relative to triglyceride than normal VLDL.
CSP

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hyperlipoproteinémie typ IV

A hypertriglyceridemia disorder, often with autosomal dominant inheritance. It is characterized by the persistent elevations of plasma TRIGLYCERIDES, endogenously synthesized and contained predominantly in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (pre-beta lipoproteins). In contrast, the plasma CHOLESTEROL and PHOSPHOLIPIDS usually remain within normal limits.
MSH

characterized by an isolated elevation in the plasma level of endogenously synthesized triglyceride carried in VLDL; considered to be an autosomal dominant trait.
CSP

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hyperlipoproteinémie typ V

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
MSH

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hypernatriémie

Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

excessive amount of sodium in the blood.
CSP

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hyperopie

A refractive error in which rays of light entering the eye parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus behind the retina, as a result of the eyeball being too short from front to back. It is also called farsightedness because the near point is more distant than it is in emmetropia with an equal amplitude of accommodation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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hyperostóza

Increase in the mass of bone per unit volume.
MSH

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hyperostosis frontalis interna

Thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone, which may be associated with hypertrichosis and obesity. It most commonly affects women near menopause.
MSH

A condition of unknown etiology characterized by thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone of the skull. It is seen more often in females and is usually bilateral.
NCI

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hyperostóza kortikální vrozená

A disease of young infants characterized by soft tissue swellings over the affected bones, fever, and irritability, and marked by periods of remission and exacerbation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare congenital disorder characterized by thickening or expansion of the bones.
NCI

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hyperostóza difuzní idiopatická skeletální

A disease of elderly men characterized by large osteophytes that bridge vertebrae and ossification of ligaments and tendon insertions.
MSH

A rare degenerative disorder that affects the spine. It is characterized by ossification of ligaments resulting in calcifications along the sides of the spinal vertebrae.
NCI

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hyperostóza sternokostoklavikulární

A rare, benign rheumatologic disorder or syndrome characterized by hyperostosis and soft tissue ossification between the clavicles and the anterior part of the upper ribs. It is often associated with the dermatologic disorder palmoplantar pustulosis, particularly in Japan. Careful diagnosis is required to distinguish it from psoriatic arthritis, OSTEITIS DEFORMANS, and other diseases. Spondylitis of pustulosis palmaris et plantaris is one of the possible causes; also, evidence suggests one origin may be bone infection. Bone imaging is especially useful for diagnosis. It was originally described by Sonozaki in 1974.
MSH

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hyperoxalurie

Excretion of an excessive amount of OXALATES in the urine.
MSH

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hyperoxalurie primární

A genetic disorder characterized by excretion of large amounts of OXALATES in urine; NEPHROLITHIASIS; NEPHROCALCINOSIS; early onset of RENAL FAILURE; and often a generalized deposit of CALCIUM OXALATE. There are subtypes classified by the enzyme defects in glyoxylate metabolism.
MSH

either of two genetic disorders characterized by urinary excretion of large amounts of oxalate, with nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, early onset of renal failure, and often a generalized deposit of calcium oxalate, resulting from a defect in glyoxalate metabolism.
CSP

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hyperparatyreoidismus

WHAT: Hyperparathyroidism.
AIR

A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES.
MSH

abnormally increased activity of the parathyroid glands, which may be primary or secondary; primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with neoplasia or hyperplasia; excess of parathyroid hormone leads to alteration in function of bone, renal tubules, and gastrointestinal mucosa.
CSP

Hyperfunction of the parathyroid glands resulting in the overproduction of parathyroid hormone. It may be primary or secondary; primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid hyperplasia, parathyroid carcinoma, and multiple endocrine neoplasia. It is associated with hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia. Signs and symptoms include weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, constipation, depression, bone pain, osteoporosis, cystic bone lesions, and kidney stones. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is caused by the chronic stimulation of the parathyroid glands in patients with chronic renal failure, rickets, and malabsorption syndromes.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an increase in production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands. This results in hypercalcemia (abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood).
NCI

A condition in which the parathyroid gland (one of four pea-sized organs found on the thyroid) makes too much parathyroid hormone. This causes a loss of calcium from the bones and an increased level of calcium in the blood. Symptoms include bone pain and kidney problems.
NCI

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