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hyperparatyreoidismus sekundární

Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.
MSH

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hyperfágie

ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
CSP

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hyperpituitarismus

Disease of the glandular, anterior portion of the pituitary (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR) resulting in hypersecretion of ADENOHYPOPHYSEAL HORMONES such as GROWTH HORMONE; PROLACTIN; THYROTROPIN; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE ; and ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE. Hyperpituitarism usually is caused by a functional ADENOMA.
MSH

diminution or cessatin of anterior pituitary function; leads to a variety of hormone deficiencies.
CSP

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hyperplazie

An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.
MSH

abnormal multiplication of otherwise normal cells, leading to tissue enlargement.
CSP

An abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue.
NCI

An abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or a tissue with consequent enlargement.
NCI

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hyperprolaktinémie

Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)
MSH

increased levels of prolactin in the blood, which may be associated with amenorrhea and galactorrhea; relatively common etiologies include prolactinoma, medication effect, kidney failure, granulomatous diseases of the pituitary gland, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release; ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur.
CSP

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ALERGIA/ALERGI ERREAKZIOA(EZ)

Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
MSH

state of previously immunized body in which tissue damage results from the immune response to a further dose of antigen.
CSP

Hypersensitivity to an agent caused by an immunologic response to an initial exposure


HL7V3.0

An exaggerated response by the immune system to a drug or other substance.
NCI

An inflammatory response to an exogenous environmental antigen or an endogenous antigen initiated by the adaptive immune system. [GOC:jal, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”]
GO

An allergy is a reaction of your immune system to something that does not bother most other people. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one thing. Substances that often cause reactions are

How do you get allergies? Scientists think both genes and the environment have something to do with it. Normally, your immune system fights germs. It is your body`s defense system. In most allergic reactions, however, it is responding to a false alarm.

Allergies can cause a runny nose, sneezing, itching, rashes, swelling or asthma. Symptoms vary. Although allergies can make you feel bad, they usually won`t kill you. However, a severe reaction called anaphylaxis is life-threatening.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Hypersensitivity; a local or general reaction of an organism following contact with a specific allergen to which it has been previously exposed and to which it has become sensitized.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an adverse local or general response from exposure to an allergen.
NCI

A local or general reaction of an organism following contact with a specific allergen to which it has been previously exposed and to which it has become sensitized.
NCI

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pozdní přecitlivělost

An increased reactivity to specific antigens mediated not by antibodies but by cells.
MSH

increased reactivity to specific antigens mediated not by antibodies but by cells.
CSP

An inflammatory response that develops 24 to 72 hours after exposure to an antigen that the immune system recognizes as foreign. This type of immune response involves mainly T cells rather than antibodies (which are made by B cells).
NCI

An inflammatory response driven by T cell recognition of processed soluble or cell-associated antigens leading to cytokine release and leukocyte activation. [GOC:add, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”]
GO

Delayed hypersensitivity reaction (DTH) – type IV reaction, an inflammatory response that develops 24 to 72 hours after exposure to an antigen that the immune system recognizes as foreign. DTH is mediated by T cells rather than by antibodies. Th1 cells produce interferon gamma, interleukin (IL)-2, and tumor necrosis factor-beta and promote a cell-mediated immune response.
NCI

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časná přecitlivělost

hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
CSP

An inflammatory response driven by antigen recognition by antibodies bound to Fc receptors on mast cells or basophils, occurring within minutes after exposure of a sensitized individual to the antigen, and leading to the release of a variety of inflammatory mediators such as histamines. [GOC:add, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”]
GO

Immediate hypersensitivity reaction – type I reaction, involves immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated release of chemical mediators from mast cells and basophils. Th2 cells produce IL-4 and IL-13, which then act on B cells to promote the production of antigen-specific IgE. Reexposure to the antigen can then result in the antigen binding to and cross-linking the bound IgE antibodies on the mast cells and basophils. This causes the release of preformed mediators (histamine, tryptase, tryptase, chemotactic factors), newly synthesized mediators (leukotrienes, prostaglandin, thromboxane, platelet-activating factor, adenosine, bradykinin), and cytokines from these cells that results in structural and functional changes to the affected tissue.
NCI

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poruchy nadměrné spavosti

Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
MSH

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hypersplenismus

Condition characterized by splenomegaly, some reduction in the number of circulating blood cells in the presence of a normal or hyperactive bone marrow, and the potential for reversal by splenectomy.
MSH

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hypertelorismus

Abnormal increase in the interorbital distance due to overdevelopment of the lesser wings of the sphenoid.
MSH

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hypertenze

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
MSH

persistantly high arterial blood pressure.
CSP

A blood pressure of 140/90 or higher. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. It can harm the arteries and cause an increase in the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and blindness.
NCI

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure.

Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressures. Usually they are written one above or before the other. A reading of

  • 120/80 or lower is normal blood pressure
  • 140/90 or higher is high blood pressure
  • Between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number is prehypertension

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it can cause serious problems such as stroke, heart failure, heart attack and kidney failure. You can control high blood pressure through healthy lifestyle habits and taking medicines, if needed.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by a pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevation in the blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mm Hg.
NCI

Pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg.
NCI

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hypertenze maligní

A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
MSH

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portální hypertenze

Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
MSH

abnormally increased pressure in the portal venous system, frequently seen in cirrhosis of the liver and other conditions causing obstruction of the portal vein.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an increase in blood pressure in the portal venous system.
NCI

High blood pressure in the vein that carries blood to the liver from the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, and gallbladder. It is usually caused by a block in the blood flow through the liver due to cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver.
NCI

Increased blood pressure in the portal venous system. It is most commonly caused by cirrhosis. Other causes include portal vein thrombosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, and right heart failure. Complications include ascites, esophageal varices, encephalopathy, and splenomegaly.
NCI

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hypertenze plicní

Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
MSH

increased pressure with the the pulmonary circulation, usually secondary to cardiac or pulmonary disease.
CSP

Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries to your lungs. It is a serious condition for which there are treatments but no cure. If you have it, the blood vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood from your heart to your lungs become hard and narrow. Your heart has to work harder to pump the blood through. Over time, your heart weakens and cannot do its job and you can develop heart failure.

There are two main kinds of pulmonary hypertension. One runs in families or appears for no known reason. The other kind is related to another condition, usually heart or lung disease.

Treating pulmonary hypertension involves treating the heart or lung disease, medicines, oxygen and sometimes lung transplantation.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an increase in pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

Increased pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

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hypertenze renální

Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
MSH

hypertension due to renal disease.
CSP

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hypertenze renovaskulární

Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
MSH

High blood pressure secondary to renal artery stenosis.
NCI

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hypertermie indukovaná

Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.
MSH

Treatment of disease using heat.
NCI

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hypertyreóza

Hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND. Elevated levels of thyroid hormones increase BASAL METABOLIC RATE.
MSH

excessive functional activity of the thyroid gland.
CSP

Too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms include weight loss, chest pain, cramps, diarrhea, and nervousness.
NCI

A disorder characterized by excessive levels of thyroid hormone in the body. Common causes include an overactive thyroid gland or thyroid hormone overdose.
NCI

Overactivity of the thyroid gland resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormone and increased metabolic rate. Causes include diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland (Graves` disease), single nodule in the thyroid gland, and thyroiditis. The symptoms are related to the increased metabolic rate and include weight loss, fatigue, heat intolerance, excessive sweating, diarrhea, tachycardia, insomnia, muscle weakness, and tremor.
NCI

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hypertyroxinémie

Abnormally elevated THYROXINE level in the BLOOD.
MSH

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hypertonické roztoky

Solutions that have a greater osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
MSH

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hypertrichóza

Excessive hair growth at inappropriate locations, such as on the extremities, the head, and the back. It is caused by genetic or acquired factors, and is an androgen-independent process. This concept does not include HIRSUTISM which is an androgen-dependent excess hair growth in WOMEN and CHILDREN.
MSH

Generalized or localized hair growth of abnormal length and density. It may be congenital or acquired (e.g., drug-induced).
NCI

A disorder characterized by hair density or length beyond the accepted limits of normal in a particular body region, for a particular age or race.
NCI

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hypertriglyceridémie

A condition of elevated levels of TRIGLYCERIDES in the blood.
MSH

condition of elevated triglyceride concentration in the blood; an inherited form occurs in familial hyperlipoproteinemia IIb and hyperlipoproteinemia type IV; linked to higher risk of heart disease and arteriosclerosis.
CSP

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hypertrofie

General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
MSH

general increase in bulk of a body part or organ due to an increase in cell volume; it is not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells.
CSP

Abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ.
NCI

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Hypertropie

Vertical strabismus in which there is permanent upward deviation of the visual axis of one eye.
NCI

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DISNEA PSILOGENOA (HIPERAIREZTAPENA)

A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
MSH

Abnormally prolonged, rapid, and deep breathing.
NCI

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hypervitaminóza A

A symptom complex resulting from ingesting excessive amounts of VITAMIN A.
MSH

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hypestézie

Absent or reduced sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation.
MSH

Impairment of tactile sensitivity manifesting as partial loss of sensitivity to sensory stimuli.
NCI

Consisting of abnormally decreased sensitivity, particularly to touch.
NCI

An abnormally decreased sensitivity to touch, pressure, or pain.
NCI

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hyphéma

Bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.
MSH

Hemorrhage within the anterior chamber of the eye; bloodshot.
NCI

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hypnóza

A state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.
MSH

state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.
CSP

A trance-like state in which a person becomes more aware and focused and is more open to suggestion.
NCI

Therapeutic use of hypnotism. It has been used to treat phobias and anxiety, to manage pain, and to extinguish habits and addictions. (Taber`s)
NCI

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