Additional pages

hypnotika a sedativa

Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
MSH

agents used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
CSP

A drug that calms and soothes, and reduces stress and tension. Tranquilizers are used to treat anxiety and insomnia.
NCI

A drug or substance used to calm a person down, relieve anxiety, or help a person sleep.
NCI

Any agent that depresses the central nervous system (CNS) and is used to induce calm and sleep.
NCI

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porucha sexuální touhy hypoaktivní

A disorder characterized by a recurrent or persistent lack of desire for sexual activity. The lack of sexual desire is not attributable to another psychiatric disorder or to the physiological effects of substance use or a general medical condition.
NCI

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hypoaldosteronismus

A congenital or acquired condition of insufficient production of ALDOSTERONE by the ADRENAL CORTEX leading to diminished aldosterone-mediated synthesis of Na(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE in renal tubular cells. Clinical symptoms include HYPERKALEMIA, sodium-wasting, HYPOTENSION, and sometimes metabolic ACIDOSIS.
MSH

aldosterone deficiency, usually associated with hypoadrenalism and characterized by hypotension, dehydration, and a tendency to excrete excessive amounts of sodium.
CSP

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hypobetalipoproteinémie

Conditions with abnormally low levels of BETA-LIPOPROTEINS (low density lipoproteins or LDL) in the blood. It is defined as LDL values equal to or less than the 5th percentile for the population. They include the autosomal dominant form involving mutation of the APOLIPOPROTEINS B gene, and the autosomal recessive form involving mutation of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. All are characterized by low LDL and dietary fat malabsorption.
MSH

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hypokalcémie

Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek`s sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

reduction of the blood calcium below normal; manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate a low concentration of calcium in the blood.
NCI

Lower than normal levels of calcium in the circulating blood.
NCI

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kyselina chlorná

An oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent.
MSH

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hypochondrie

Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person`s misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)
MSH

preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person`s misinterpretation of bodily symptoms.
CSP

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Hypocreales

An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that includes a number of species which are parasitic on higher plants, insects, or fungi. Other species are saprotrophic.
MSH

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hypodermyiáza

Infestation with larvae of the genus Hypoderma, the warble fly.
MSH

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Hypogalakcie

A condition of less than normal MILK secretion.
MSH

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plexus hypogastricus

A complex network of nerve fibers in the pelvic region. The hypogastric plexus distributes sympathetic fibers from the lumbar paravertebral ganglia and the aortic plexus, parasympathetic fibers from the pelvic nerve, and visceral afferents. The bilateral pelvic plexus is in its lateral extent.
MSH

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nervus hypoglossus

The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
MSH

twelfth cranial nerve; originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus); also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
CSP

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HIPOGLIZEMIA

A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.
MSH

syndrome of abnormally low blood glucose level; clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies; severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger, sweating, paresthesia, impaired mental function, seizures, coma, and even death.
CSP

Abnormally low blood sugar.
NCI

Did you know you have sugar in your blood? Your body needs glucose, a form of sugar, to have enough energy. After you eat, your blood absorbs glucose. If you eat more sugar than your body needs, your muscles and liver store the extra. When your blood sugar begins to fall, a hormone tells your liver to release glucose. In most people, this raises blood sugar. If it doesn`t, you have hypoglycemia, and your blood sugar can be dangerously low. Signs include

  • Hunger
  • Shakiness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Feeling anxious or weak

Hypoglycemia is usually a side effect of diabetes medicines. Eating or drinking something with carbohydrates can help. If it happens often, your health care provider may need to change your treatment plan.

You can also have low blood sugar without having diabetes. In that case, your health care provider will try to find the cause using laboratory tests to measure blood glucose, insulin and other chemicals that play a part in the body`s use of energy.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate a low concentration of glucose in the blood.
NCI

Abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.
NCI

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hypoglykemika

Substances which lower blood glucose levels.
MSH

class of agents which lower blood glucose levels.
CSP

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. If you can`t control your diabetes with wise food choices and physical activity, you may need diabetes medicines. The kind of medicine you take depends on your type of diabetes, your schedule, and your other health conditions.

With Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin.

Type 2 diabetes, the most common type, can start when the body doesn`t use insulin as it should. If your body can`t keep up with the need for insulin, you may need to take pills. Some people need both insulin and pills. Along with meal planning and physical activity, diabetes pills help people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes keep their blood glucose levels on target. Several kinds of pills are available. Each works in a different way. Many people take two or three kinds of pills. Some people take combination pills. Combination pills contain two kinds of diabetes medicine in one tablet. Some people take pills and insulin.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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hypoglyciny

Methylene cyclopropyl alanine and congeners isolated from the unripe edible fruit of the AKEE plant (BLIGHIA SAPIDA). Hypoglycin B is the gamma-glutamyl congener of hypoglycin A. They are very toxic and teratogenic, causing a syndrome called Jamaican vomiting sickness that includes a fall in blood glucose due to the interference of FATTY ACIDS and LEUCINE metabolism which leads to VOMITING, liver damage, CONVULSIONS and DEATH.
MSH

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hypogonadismus

Condition resulting from deficient gonadal functions, such as GAMETOGENESIS and the production of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES. It is characterized by delay in GROWTH, germ cell maturation, and development of secondary sex characteristics. Hypogonadism can be due to a deficiency of GONADOTROPINS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) or due to primary gonadal failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism).
MSH

condition resulting from or characterized by abnormally decreased functional activity of the gonads, with retardation of growth and sexual development.
CSP

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hypohidróza

Abnormally diminished or absent perspiration. Both generalized and segmented (reduced or absent sweating in circumscribed locations) forms of the disease are usually associated with other underlying conditions.
MSH

A disorder characterized by reduced sweating.
NCI

Reduced sweating. Causes include burns, dehydration, radiation, and leprosy.
NCI

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hypokalémie

Abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood. It may result from potassium loss by renal secretion or by the gastrointestinal route, as by vomiting or diarrhea. It may be manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities (depression of the T wave and elevation of the U wave), by renal disease, and by gastrointestinal disorders. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood; may result from excessive potassium loss by the renal or gastrointestinal route, from decreased intake, or from transcellular shifts; manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities, and by renal and gastrointestinal disorders.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate a low concentration of potassium in the blood.
NCI

Lower than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood.
NCI

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hypolipoproteinémie

presence of abnormally low levels of lipoproteins in the serum.
CSP

Conditions with abnormally low levels of LIPOPROTEINS in the blood. This may involve any of the lipoprotein subclasses, including ALPHA-LIPOPROTEINS (high-density lipoproteins); BETA-LIPOPROTEINS (low-density lipoproteins); and PREBETA-LIPOPROTEINS (very-low-density lipoproteins).
MSH

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hyponatriémie

Deficiency of sodium in the blood; salt depletion. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

abnormally low sodium levels in the blood; salt depletion.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate a low concentration of sodium in the blood.
NCI

Lower than normal levels of sodium in the circulating blood.
NCI

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hypoparatyreoidismus

A condition caused by a deficiency of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH). It is characterized by HYPOCALCEMIA and hyperphosphatemia. Hypocalcemia leads to TETANY. The acquired form is due to removal or injuries to the PARATHYROID GLANDS. The congenital form is due to mutations of genes, such as TBX1; (see DIGEORGE SYNDROME); CASR encoding CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTOR; or PTH encoding parathyroid hormone.
MSH

condition produced by greatly reduced function of the parathyroids possibly due to autoimmune disease or genetic factors, or by the removal of those bodies; lack of parathyroid hormone leads to a fall in plasma calcium level, which may result in increase neuromuscular excitability and ultimately tetany followed by a rise in plasma phosphate level.
CSP

An endocrine disorder characterized by decreased production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands. It is usually caused by damage of the parathyroid glands during head and neck surgery. Signs and symptoms include muscle cramps, abdominal pain, dry skin, brittle nails, cataracts, tetany, and convulsions.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a decrease in production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands.
NCI

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hypofarynx – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the HYPOPHARYNX.
MSH

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hypofarynx

The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
MSH

The bottom part of the throat. Cancer of the hypopharynx is also called hypopharyngeal cancer.
NCI

The lower part of the pharynx that connects to the esophagus. (NCI)
NCI

The lower part of the pharynx that connects to the esophagus.
NCI

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hypofosfatázie

A genetic metabolic disorder resulting from serum and bone alkaline phosphatase deficiency leading to hypercalcemia, ethanolamine phosphatemia, and ethanolamine phosphaturia. Clinical manifestations include severe skeletal defects resembling vitamin D-resistant rickets, failure of the calvarium to calcify, dyspnea, cyanosis, vomiting, constipation, renal calcinosis, failure to thrive, disorders of movement, beading of the costochondral junction, and rachitic bone changes. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

genetic metabolic disorder resulting from serum and bone alkaline phosphatase deficiency leading to hypercalcemia, ethanolamine phosphatemia, and ethanolamine phosphaturia; manifestations include severe skeletal defects resembling vitamin D resistant rickets, failure of the calvarium to calcify, dyspnea, cyanosis, vomiting, constipation, renal calcinosis, failure to thrive, disorders of movement, beading of the costochondral junction, and rachitic bone changes.
CSP

A rare, serious metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. It is characterized by low activity of TNSALP in the serum. The signs and symptoms vary significantly and include death in utero, failure to thrive, premature loss of deciduous teeth, early loss of the adult dentition, hypercalcemia, osteomalacia, skeletal defects, renal stones, and movement disorders.
NCI

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hypofosfatémie familiární

An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
MSH

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hypofyzektomie

Surgical removal or destruction of the hypophysis, or pituitary gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

surgical removal or chemical destruction of the hypophysis, or pituitary gland.
CSP

Surgical removal of part or all of the pituitary gland.
NCI

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hypofyzektomie chemická

Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.
MSH

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hypopituitarismus

Diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland (including LH; FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE; SOMATOTROPIN; and CORTICOTROPIN). This may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory PITUITARY NEOPLASMS, metastatic tumors, infarction, PITUITARY APOPLEXY, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
MSH

diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland (including luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, somatotropin; and corticotropin); may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory pituitary neoplasms, metastatic tumors, infarction, pituitary apoplexy, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
CSP

A condition of diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland. This may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory pituitary neoplasms, metastatic tumors, infarction, pituitary apoplexy, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
NCI

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hypoproteinémie

A condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range. Hypoproteinemia can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, EDEMA, or PROTEINURIA.
MSH

condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range; can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, edema, or proteinuria.
CSP

A laboratory test result indicating abnormally low levels of total protein in the serum.
NCI

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hypoprotrombinémie

absence or reduced levels of prothrombin in the blood.
CSP

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