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napodobovací chování

The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
MSH

mimicking a behavior of one individual by another.
CSP

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ponoření

The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
MSH

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noha – poškození chladem

A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews` Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)
MSH

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Immigratie

Migration into a foreign country to live permanently there.
NCI

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imobilizace

The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
MSH

render a part of the body incapable of being moved, as by a cast or splint.
CSP

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imunoadherenční reakce

A method for the detection of very small quantities of antibody in which the antigen-antibody-complement complex adheres to indicator cells, usually primate erythrocytes or nonprimate blood platelets. The reaction is dependent on the number of bound C3 molecules on the C3b receptor sites of the indicator cell.
MSH

a method for the detection of very small quantities of antibody in which the antigen-antibody-complement complex adheres to indicator cells, usually primate erythrocytes or nonprimate blood platelets; reaction is dependent on the number of bound C3 molecules on the C3b receptor sites of the indicator cell.
CSP

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nemoci imunokomplexu

Group of diseases mediated by the deposition of large soluble complexes of antigen and antibody with resultant damage to tissue. Besides SERUM SICKNESS and the ARTHUS REACTION, evidence supports a pathogenic role for immune complexes in many other IMMUNE SYSTEM DISEASES including GLOMERULONEPHRITIS, systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC) and POLYARTERITIS NODOSA.
MSH

group of diseases mediated by the deposition of large soluble complexes of antigen and antibody with resultant damage to tissue.
CSP

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imunní séra

Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
MSH

serum containing antibodies to one or more antigens; may be obtained from an immunized animal.
CSP

A blood serum or immunoglobulin fraction that contains antibodies against specific antigens obtained from previously immunized animals.
NCI

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imunitní systém

The body`s defense mechanism against foreign organisms or substances and deviant native cells. It includes the humoral immune response and the cell-mediated response and consists of a complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components.
MSH

includes the thymus, spleen, lymphatic system, bone marrow, tonsils, and Peyer`s patches, and the migratory cells these organs generate: lymphocytes, granulocytes, and cells of the monocyte- macrophage type.
CSP

The complex group of organs and cells that defends the body against infection or disease.
NCI

The complex group of organs like thymus, spleen, tonsils, lymphatic system, hematopoetic system and cells like lymphocytes, granulocytes, monocytes and macrophages that defends the body against infection or disease. It consists of a complex interrelated cellular, molecular and genetic component.
NCI

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imunologická tolerance

The specific failure of a normally responsive individual to make an immune response to a known antigen. It results from previous contact with the antigen by an immunologically immature individual (fetus or neonate) or by an adult exposed to extreme high-dose or low-dose antigen, or by exposure to radiation, antimetabolites, antilymphocytic serum, etc.
MSH

An innate tolerance that prevents the body from attacking native proteins and tissue.
NCI

The failure of the immune system to respond to an antigen that previously caused an immune response.
NCI

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imunita

nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.
CSP

Definition:Testing has shown that the patient already has immunity to the agent targeted by the immunization.


HL7V3.0

The protection against infectious disease conferred by the immune response. It encompasses the capacity to distinguish foreign material from self, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign.
NCI

The condition of being protected against an infectious disease. Immunity can be caused by a vaccine, previous infection with the same agent, or by transfer of immune substances from another person or animal.
NCI

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imunita aktivní

Resistance to a disease agent resulting from the production of specific antibodies by the host, either after exposure to the disease or after vaccination.
MSH

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imunita buněčná

Manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.
MSH

immunity mediated by T-lymphocytes through either release of lymphokines or exertion of direct cytotoxicity; responsible for reactions such as allograft rejection and delayed hypersensitivity.
CSP

Those manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.
NCI

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imunita humorální

immunity mediated by antibodies.
CSP

Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
MSH

Immune processes mediated by antibodies
NCI

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imunita získaná od matky

Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
MSH

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imunita přirozená

The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
MSH

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imunizace

Deliberate stimulation of the host`s immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
MSH

deliberate induction of host immunity.
CSP

The introduction of an immunogen with the intent of stimulating an immune response, aimed at preventing subsequent infections by more viable agents.


HL7V3.0

A technique used to cause an immune response that results in resistance to a specific disease, especially an infectious disease.
NCI

Shots may hurt a little… but the diseases they can prevent can hurt a lot more! Immunization shots, or vaccinations, are essential. They protect against things like measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B, polio, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough). Immunizations are important for adults as well as for children. Here`s why.

Your immune system helps your body fight germs by producing substances to combat them. Once it does, the immune system "remembers" the germ and can fight it again. Vaccines contain germs that have been killed or weakened. When given to a healthy person, the vaccine triggers the immune system to respond and thus build immunity.

Before vaccines, people became immune only by actually getting a disease and surviving it. Immunizations are an easier and less risky way to become immune.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inoculating an individual with either killed or live agents to prevent contraction of a disease.
NCI

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imunizace – rozvrh

Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.
MSH

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imunizace pasivní

Transfer of immunity from immunized to non-immune host by administration of serum antibodies, or transplantation of lymphocytes (ADOPTIVE TRANSFER).
MSH

use of antibodies or primed lymphocytes from an immune donor to produce immunity against an antigenic substance or organism in a nonimmune host.
CSP

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imunizace sekundární

Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.
MSH

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imunoanalýza

A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
MSH

Immunoassay


HL7V3.0

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imunoblastická lymfadenopatie

A disorder characterized by proliferation of arborizing small vessels, prominent immunoblastic proliferations and amorphous acidophilic interstitial material. Clinical manifestations include fever, sweats, weight loss, generalized lymphadenopathy and frequently hepatosplenomegaly.
MSH

An aggressive (fast-growing) type of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma marked by enlarged lymph nodes and hypergammaglobulinemia (increased antibodies in the blood). Other symptoms may include a skin rash, fever, weight loss, or night sweats.
NCI

A mature T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, characterized by systemic disease and a polymorphous infiltrate involving lymph nodes. It occurs in the middle aged and elderly, with an equal incidence in males and females. The clinical course is typically aggressive. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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imunoblotting

Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
MSH

A technique for analyzing or identifying proteins immobilized on a filter by complementary reaction with specific antibodies.
NCI

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imunochemie

Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
MSH

field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues; includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
CSP

The field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology (such as chemical studies of antigens and antibodies).
NCI

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imunokompetence

The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
MSH

The ability to produce a normal immune response.
NCI

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imunoelektroforéza

A technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion. In this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis (usually agarose), then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies. A distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.
MSH

technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion: in this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis, then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies; a distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.
CSP

Electrophoresis, Immuno


HL7V3.0

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imunoelektroforéza dvourozměrná

Immunoelectrophoresis in which a second electrophoretic transport is performed on the initially separated antigen fragments into an antibody-containing medium in a direction perpendicular to the first electrophoresis.
MSH

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imunoenzymatické techniky

Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
MSH

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imunogenetika

A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic basis of the immune response (IMMUNITY).
MSH

subdiscipline of genetics (the branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance) which deals with the genetic basis of the immune response.
CSP

A sub-field of genetics that uses both genetic and immunological analyses to study the genetics behind antibody formation and the immune response. (Biotech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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imunoglobulinové alotypy

Allelic variants of the immunoglobulin light chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) or heavy chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS) encoded by ALLELES of IMMUNOGLOBULIN GENES.
MSH

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