Additional pages

imunologické testy

Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.
MSH

Laboratory test involving interaction of antigens with specific antibodies.
NCI

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Technieken, immunoperoxidase

immunocytochemical methods using antibody coupled to the enzyme peroxidase to stain tissue constituents.
CSP

An immunological procedure in which antibodies are coupled with a peroxidase molecule. Following localization via the antibody, the peroxidase is reacted with a corresponding substrate to produce a product which can be seen with a light microscope.
NCI

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imunoprecipitace

serologic tests in which a positive reaction manifested by visible precipitation occurs when a soluble antigen reacts with its antibody.
CSP

The aggregation of soluble ANTIGENS with ANTIBODIES, alone or with antibody binding factors such as ANTI-ANTIBODIES or STAPHYLOCOCCAL PROTEIN A, into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
MSH

Antigen aggregation with antibody, in the right ratios, to cause precipitation.
NCI

Precipitation, Immune precipitation


HL7V3.0

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imunoproliferační poruchy

Disorders characterized by abnormal proliferation of primary cells of the immune system or by excessive production of immunoglobulins.
MSH

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imunoproliferační nemoc tenkého střeva

A condition that is caused by HYPERPLASIA of LYMPHOCYTES in the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL) and the mesenteric LYMPH NODES. These lymphocytes produce an anomalous alpha heavy chain protein. Generally, these IPSID patients have either concurrent LYMPHOMA or develop lymphoma within a few years. The disease was first described in the Mediterranean region and is characterized by malabsorption; WEIGHT LOSS; DIARRHEA; and STEATORRHEA.
MSH

A clonal disorder, also known as immunoproliferative small intestinal disease or Mediterranean lymphoma, characterised by the secretion of a defective alpha heavy chain. It predominantly affects young people in the Mediterranean region. It involves the small intestine, and patients usually present with malabsorption syndrome, abdominal pain, weight loss, and fever. There is extensive villous atrophy of the small intestinal mucosa, which is heavily infiltrated by small lymphocytes and plasma cells. The small intestinal morphologic changes are consistent with a mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT lymphoma). Alpha heavy chain disease frequently progresses to large B-cell lymphoma, and normally has a poor prognosis.
NCI

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imunoproteiny

Blood proteins whose activities affect or play a role in the functioning of the immune system.
MSH

A complex consisting of an immune component and a protein. This complex molecule modulates a variety of activities that are regulated by the immune system.
NCI

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imunoradiometrická analýza

Form of radioimmunoassay in which excess specific labeled antibody is added directly to the test antigen being measured.
MSH

Immunoassay, Immunoradiometric Assay


HL7V3.0

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imunosorpční techniky

Techniques for removal by adsorption and subsequent elution of a specific antibody or antigen using an immunosorbent containing the homologous antigen or antibody.
MSH

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imunosorbenty

An insoluble support for an ANTIGEN or ANTIBODIES that is used in AFFINITY CHROMATOGRAPHY to adsorb the homologous antibody or antigen from a mixture. Many different substances are used, among them SEPHAROSE; GLUTARALDEHYDE; copolymers of ANHYDRIDES; polyacrylamides, etc.
MSH

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imunosuprese

Deliberate prevention or diminution of the host`s immune response. It may be nonspecific as in the administration of immunosuppressive agents (drugs or radiation) or by lymphocyte depletion or may be specific as in desensitization or the simultaneous administration of antigen and immunosuppressive drugs.
MSH

deliberate suppression of immune system function for experimental or therapeutic purposes.
CSP

Therapy used to decrease the body`s immune response, such as drugs given to prevent transplant rejection.
NCI

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Imunosuprese

natural, usually physiologic downregulation of the immune system; compare with ARTIFICIAL IMMUNOSUPPRESSION.
CSP

An Immunosuppressive Effect involves interference with, or restraint of, the function of biologic molecules and complexes, or cellular, cell, or tissue components of a normal immune response.
NCI

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imunosupresiva

Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
MSH

agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action; cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis; others may act through activation of suppressor T-cell populations or by inhibiting the activation of helper cells.
CSP

An agent that decreases the body`s immune responses. It reduces the body`s ability to fight infections and other diseases, such as cancer. Immunosuppressants may be used to keep a person from rejecting a bone marrow or organ transplant. They are also used in the treatment of conditions marked by over-active immune responses, such as auto-immune diseases and allergies.
NCI

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imunoterapie

Manipulation of the host`s immune system in treatment of disease. It includes both active and passive immunization as well as immunosuppressive therapy to prevent graft rejection.
MSH

use of immunologic agents to therapeutically enhance or suppress the immune system; includes immunization, vaccines, artificial immunosuppression, treatment with cytokines or immunoconjugates, and lymphocyte deletion therapy; in addition also index the specific disorder therapy and immunologic agent used.
CSP

Treatment to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer, infections, and other diseases. Also used to lessen certain side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments. Agents used in immunotherapy include monoclonal antibodies, growth factors, and vaccines. These agents may also have a direct antitumor effect.
NCI

Therapy designed to induce changes in a patient`s immune status in order to treat disease.
NCI

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imunotoxiny

Semisynthetic conjugates of various toxic molecules, including RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES and bacterial or plant toxins, with specific immune substances such as IMMUNOGLOBULINS; MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES; and ANTIGENS. The antitumor or antiviral immune substance carries the toxin to the tumor or infected cell where the toxin exerts its poisonous effect.
MSH

An antibody linked to a toxic substance. Some immunotoxins can bind to cancer cells and kill them.
NCI

Agents comprised of various toxic molecules (Radioactive Isotopes and Bacterial or Plant Toxins) conjugated with specific immune substances (Immunoglobulins, Monoclonal Antibodies, and Antigens) that targets affected cells allowing incorporation of the toxin into the cells.
NCI

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IMP-dehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of inosine 5`-phosphate to xanthosine 5`-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 1.1.1.205.
MSH

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INPETIGOA

A common superficial bacterial infection caused by STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS or group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Characteristics include pustular lesions that rupture and discharge a thin, amber-colored fluid that dries and forms a crust. This condition is commonly located on the face, especially about the mouth and nose.
MSH

Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal (staph) but sometimes streptococcus (strep) can cause it, too. It is most common in children between the ages of two and six. It usually starts when bacteria get into a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch or insect bite.

Symptoms start with red or pimple-like sores surrounded by red skin. These sores can be anywhere, but usually they occur on your face, arms and legs. The sores fill with pus, then break open after a few days and form a thick crust. They are often itchy, but scratching them can spread the sores. Impetigo can spread by contact with sores or nasal discharge from an infected person. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Implants

A substance or object that is put in the body as a prosthesis, or for treatment or diagnosis.
NCI

A prosthesis placed permanently in tissue.
NCI

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Implantation procedure

artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically or experimentally; implants are intended to be permanent or long term, they penetrate living tissue and therefore have a physiologic interaction with the body, and are frequently retrievable.
CSP

A surgical procedure that places something in the human body.
NCI

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implozivní terapie

A method for extinguishing anxiety by a saturation exposure to the feared stimulus situation or its substitute.
MSH

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imprinting (psychologie)

A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.
MSH

Rapid learning process that takes place during early critical periods of development
CHV

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impulzivní poruchy

Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
MSH

A category of psychiatric disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals typically experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and then pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
NCI

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impulzivní chování

An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
MSH

act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
CSP

Initiation of actions without forethought as to the costs, results, or consequences.
NCI

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in vitro

Studies using excised tissues.
MSH

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syndrom nepřiměřené sekrece ADH

A condition of HYPONATREMIA and renal salt loss attributed to overexpansion of BODY FLUIDS resulting from sustained release of ANTIDIURETIC HORMONES which stimulates renal resorption of water. It is characterized by normal KIDNEY function, high urine OSMOLALITY, low serum osmolality, and neurological dysfunction. Etiologies include ADH-producing neoplasms, injuries or diseases involving the HYPOTHALAMUS, the PITUITARY GLAND, and the LUNG. This syndrome can also be drug-induced.
MSH

A syndrome characterized by abnormal secretion of antidiuretic hormone in conjunction with neoplastic growth occurring anywhere in the body.
NCI

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inbreeding

The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
MSH

the crossing of closely related plants or animals.
CSP

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Motieven

A benefit, consideration, or positive motivational influence, financial or otherwise, given to induce a specific action.
NCI

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incest

Sexual intercourse between persons so closely related that they are forbidden by law to marry.
MSH

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incidence

The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
MSH

The number of new cases of a disease diagnosed each year.
NCI

incidence
CHV

The relative frequency of occurrence of something.
NCI

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řezáky

Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
MSH

One of the teeth in front of the canines in either jaw designed for cutting or gnawing. (NCI)
NCI

One of the teeth in front of the canines in either jaw designed for cutting or gnawing.
NCI

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inkluzní tělíska virová

An area showing altered staining behavior in the nucleus or cytoplasm of a virus-infected cell. Some inclusion bodies represent “virus factories” in which viral nucleic acid or protein is being synthesized; others are merely artifacts of fixation and staining. One example, Negri bodies, are found in the cytoplasm or processes of nerve cells in animals that have died from rabies.
MSH

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