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vražda dítěte

The killing of infants at birth or soon after.
MSH

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infarkt

Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
MSH

sudden insufficient blood supply to an area, which results in necrosis of that area; usually caused by a thrombus, an embolus, or a vascular torsion.
CSP

tissue death caused by blocked blood circulation
CHV

A localized pathological necrosis of tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply usually by a thrombus, an embolus, or vascular torsion.
NCI

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infekce

Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
MSH

invasion and growth of microorganisms in body tissues, which may be clinically inapparent or result in local cellular injury; a local infection may persist and spread by extension to become an acute, subacute, or chronic clinical infection or disease state or it may become systemic when the microorganisms gain access to the lymphatic or vascular system; does not always lead to injury of the host even if the pathogen is potentially virulent.
CSP

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Infekce ledvin

invasion and growth of microorganisms in the kidney; may be clinically inapparent or result in local cellular injury.
CSP

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virus infekční arteritidy koní

The type species of the genus ARTERIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of an important equine respiratory disease causing abortion, pneumonia, or other infections.
MSH

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infekční rinotracheitida skotu

A herpesvirus infection of CATTLE characterized by INFLAMMATION and NECROSIS of the mucous membranes of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
MSH

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herpesvirus 1 bovinní

A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
MSH

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virus infekční bursitidy drůbeže

A species of AVIBIRNAVIRUS causing severe inflammation of the bursa of Fabricius in chickens and other fowl. Transmission is thought to be through contaminated feed or water. Vaccines have been used with varying degrees of success.
MSH

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Human Papillomavirus

A type of virus that can cause abnormal tissue growth (for example, warts) and other changes to cells. Infection for a long time with certain types of human papillomavirus can cause cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus may also play a role in some other types of cancer, such as anal, vaginal, vulvar, penile, oropharyngeal, and squamous cell skin cancers.
NCI

species of papillomavirus causing warts in humans; these benign, squamous epithelial neoplasms can sometimes progress to malignancy.
CSP

Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are common viruses that can cause warts. There are more than 100 types of HPV. Most are harmless, but about 30 types put you at risk for cancer. These types affect the genitals and you get them through sexual contact with an infected partner. They are classified as either low-risk or high-risk. Low-risk HPV can cause genital warts. High-risk HPV can lead to cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, and anus in women. In men, it can lead to cancers of the anus and penis.

Although some people develop genital warts from HPV infection, others have no symptoms. Your health care provider can treat or remove the warts. In women, Pap smears can detect changes in the cervix that might lead to cancer.

Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading HPV. A vaccine can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Any of various papillomaviruses that infect the skin and mucous membranes of humans.
NCI

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MONONUKLEOSI ZOLDURAGARRIA

A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
MSH

acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing.
CSP

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it`s sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in 15 to 17-year-olds. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.

A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.


MEDLINEPLUS

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Infekční otitis externa, blíže neurčená

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and marked discomfort in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

A bacterial infectious process involving the outer ear and ear canal. Contributory factors include excessive water exposure (swimmer`s ear infection) and cuts in the ear canal. Symptoms include fullness, itching, swelling and pain in the ear and ear drainage.
NCI

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colliculus inferior

rounded elevation on the dorsal surface of the midbrain, on either side of the median plane in the caudal part of the tectum, and containing the nucleus of the inferior colliculus; part of the auditory system.
CSP

The posterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which contain centers for auditory function.
MSH

a part of the brain that controls listening function
CHV

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infertilita

Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
MSH

Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Lots of couples have infertility problems. About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause is found.

Drugs or surgery are common treatments. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility go on to have babies.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to conceive for at least one year after trying and having unprotected sex. Causes of female infertility include endometriosis, fallopian tubes obstruction, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Causes of male infertility include abnormal sperm production or function, blockage of the epididymis, blockage of the ejaculatory ducts, hypospadias, exposure to pesticides, and health related issues.
NCI

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infertilita ženská

Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
MSH

Infertility is a term doctors use if a woman hasn`t been able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female infertility can result from physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors.

Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with producing eggs. One problem is premature ovarian failure, in which the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause. In another, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries may not release an egg regularly or may not release a healthy egg.

About a third of the time, infertility is because of a problem with the woman. One third of the time, it is a problem with the man. Sometimes no cause can be found.

If you suspect you are infertile, see your doctor. There are tests that may tell if you have fertility problems. When it is possible to find the cause, treatments may include medicines, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility are able to have babies.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

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infertilita mužská

The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
MSH

Infertility is a term doctors use if a man hasn`t been able to get a woman pregnant after at least one year of trying. Male infertility can result from physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors.

About a third of the time, infertility is because of a problem with the man. One third of the time, it is a problem with the woman. Sometimes no cause can be found.

If you suspect you are infertile, see your doctor. There are tests that may tell if you have fertility problems. When it is possible to find the cause, treatments may include medicines, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility are able to have babies.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

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zánět

A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
MSH

pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions; usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
CSP

Redness, swelling, pain, and/or a feeling of heat in an area of the body. This is a protective reaction to injury, disease, or irritation of the tissues.
NCI

A localized protective response resulting from injury or destruction of tissues. Inflammation serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissue. In the acute phase, inflammation is characterized by the signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function. Histologically, inflammation involves a complex series of events, including dilatation of arterioles, capillaries, and venules, with increased permeability and blood flow; exudation of fluids, including plasma proteins; and leukocyte migration into the site of inflammation.
NCI

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idiopatické střevní záněty

Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
MSH

chronic, non-specific inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract; etiology may be genetic or environmental.
CSP

A general term that refers to the inflammation of the colon and rectum. Inflammatory bowel disease includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn`s disease.
NCI

A spectrum of small and large bowel inflammatory diseases of unknown etiology. It includes Crohn`s disease, ulcerative colitis, and colitis of indeterminate type. –2003
NCI

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inflace ekonomická

An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.
MSH

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chřipka lidská

acute viral infection involving the respiratory tract; marked by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, the pharynx, and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
CSP

An acute viral infection of the respiratory tract, occurring in isolated cases, in epidemics, or in pandemics; it is caused by serologically different strains of viruses (influenzaviruses) designated A, B, and C, has a 3-day incubation period, and usually lasts for 3 to 10 days. It is marked by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, pharynx, and conjunctiva; headache; myalgia; often fever, chills, and prostration; and occasionally involvement of the myocardium or central nervous system. (from Dorland)
NCI

Flu is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. get the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies and people with certain chronic illnesses.

Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include

  • Body or muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat

Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And "stomach flu" isn`t really flu at all, but gastroenteritis.

The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
MSH

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chřipka – vakcíny

orthomyxovirus vaccine; the composition of the vaccine is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains; the vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two influenza virus A strains and one influenza virus B strain.
CSP

Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed or attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
MSH

influenza virus vaccine, NOS


HL7V3.0

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informační střediska

Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.
MSH

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informace – šíření

The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
MSH

circulation or wide dispersal of information.
CSP

For information to be useful, not only does it need to be made available at the right time to those who need it such as policy makers, program planners, and health professionals, and patients but it has to be in the right form. Information Dissemination includes both research into means of information distribution and the actual distribution of information.
NCI

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informační věda

The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
MSH

The sciences concerned with gathering and manipulating and storing and retrieving and classifying recorded information.
NCI

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informační služby

Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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ukládání a vyhledávání informací

A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.
NCI

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informační systémy

Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
MSH

integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information; also used to cover the concept of databases, which are organized collections of computer records, typically in a standardized format and content but a variety of computer readable modes.
CSP

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informační teorie

An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.
MSH

interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information; does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content; overlaps considerably with communication theory and cybernetics.
CSP

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informovaný souhlas pacienta

voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
CSP

A process in which a person is given important facts about a medical procedure or treatment, a clinical trial, or genetic testing before deciding whether or not to participate. It also includes informing the patient when there is new information that may affect his or her decision to continue. Informed consent includes information about the possible risks, benefits, and limits of the procedure, treatment, trial, or genetic testing.
NCI

Consent by a patient to a surgical or medical procedure or participation in a clinical study after achieving an understanding of the relevant medical facts and the risks involved.
NCI

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infračervené paprsky

That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.
MSH

electromagnetic radiation at wavelengths longer than the red end of visible light and shorter than microwaves (roughly between 1 and 100 microns); infrared is usually divided into 3 spectral regions, near, mid and far-infrared.
CSP

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 750 nanometers and 1 millimeter, between those of visible light and microwaves. This portion of the electromagnetic spectrum can usually be sensed as heat.
NCI

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infratentoriální nádory

Intracranial tumors originating in the region of the brain inferior to the tentorium cerebelli, which contains the cerebellum, fourth ventricle, cerebellopontine angle, brain stem, and related structures. Primary tumors of this region are more frequent in children, and may present with ATAXIA; CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; vomiting; HEADACHE; HYDROCEPHALUS; or other signs of neurologic dysfunction. Relatively frequent histologic subtypes include TERATOMA; MEDULLOBLASTOMA; GLIOBLASTOMA; ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; CRANIOPHARYNGIOMA; and choroid plexus papilloma (PAPILLOMA, CHOROID PLEXUS).
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm that occurs in brain parenchymal tissue below the tentorium cerebelli.
NCI

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