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anorganické látky

A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.
MSH

A broad class of substances, principally from mineral sources of non-biological origin, encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements.
NCI

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inosin

A purine nucleoside that has hypoxanthine linked by the N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is an intermediate in the degradation of purines and purine nucleosides to uric acid and in pathways of purine salvage. It also occurs in the anticodon of certain transfer RNA molecules. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

purine nucleoside that has hypoxanthine linked by the N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose; an intermediate in the degradation of purines and purine nucleosides to uric acid and in pathways of purine salvage; also occurs in the anticodon of certain transfer RNA molecules.
CSP

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inosin cyklický monofosfát

Inosine cyclic 3`,5`-(hydrogen phosphate). An inosine nucleotide which acts as a mild inhibitor of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP and as an inhibitor of cat heart cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase.
MSH

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inosindifosfát

An inosine nucleotide containing a pyrophosphate group esterified to C5 of the sugar moiety.
MSH

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inosinmonofosfát

Inosine 5`-Monophosphate. A purine nucleotide which has hypoxanthine as the base and one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

purine nucleotide which has hypoxanthine as the base and one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety.
CSP

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inosintrifosfát

Inosine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate). An inosine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. Synonym: IRPPP.
MSH

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inositol

An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been identified in man. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1379) Inositol phospholipids are important in signal transduction.
MSH

cyclic sugar alcohol, the fully hydroxylated derivative of cyclohexane, occurring naturally in a variety of stereoisomers, most commonly, the myo-isomer, myoinositol, a member of the vitamin B complex and a component of phosphatidylinositols.
CSP

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Myoinositol helps cells make membranes and respond to messages from their environment. It has the same chemical formula as glucose (the chief source of energy for living organisms) but has a different arrangement of atoms. It is found in beans, peas, brown rice, wheat bran and nuts. It is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Myoinositol is being studied in the prevention of cancer.
NCI

A natural sugar found in cell membrane phospholipids, plasma lipoproteins, and (as the phosphate form) in the nucleus with potential chemopreventive properties. As one of a number of intracellular phosphate compounds, inositol is involved in cell signaling and may stimulate tumor cell differentiation. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=305828&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=305828&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C28163″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A natural sugar found in cell membrane phospholipids, plasma lipoproteins, and (as the phosphate form) in the nucleus with potential chemopreventive properties. As one of a number of intracellular phosphate compounds, inositol is involved in cell signaling and may stimulate tumor cell differentiation. (NCI04)
NCI

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inositol-1,4,5-trisfosfát

Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the cytoplasm where it releases calcium ions from internal stores within the cell`s endoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions stimulate the activity of B kinase or calmodulin.
MSH

A phosphatidylinositol with phosphate covalently bound in the 4 and 5 positions of the inositol group. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate acts as an intermediate in the IP3/DAG pathway, hydrolyzed by phospholipase C and liberating diacylglycerol and PIP2, which activate Protein Kinase C and calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum, respectively.
NCI

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inositolfosfáty

Phosphoric acid esters of inositol. They include mono- and polyphosphoric acid esters, with the exception of inositol hexaphosphate which is PHYTIC ACID.
MSH

phosphoric acid esters of inositol.
CSP

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myo-inositol-1-fosfátsynthasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of myo-inositol-1-phosphate from glucose-6-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 5.5.1.4.
MSH

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pacienti hospitalizovaní

Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.
MSH

A patient who is residing in the hospital where he is being treated.
NCI

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obhajoba duševně nemocných

A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black`s Law Dictionary, 6th ed)
MSH

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hmyz – kousnutí a bodnutí

Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
MSH

Most insect bites are harmless, though they feel unpleasant. Bee, wasp, and hornet stings and fire ant bites usually hurt. Mosquito, flea and mite bites usually itch.Insects can also transmit diseases, such as yellow fever and malaria. These diseases mainly are a risk for travelers outside the United States.

To prevent insect bites and their complications

  • Don`t bother insects
  • Use insect repellant
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Be careful when you eat outside because food attracts insects
  • If you know you have severe allergic reactions to insect bites, carry an emergency epinephrine kit


MEDLINEPLUS

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hmyz – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
CSP

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hmyzí hormony

Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
MSH

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hmyzí repelencia

Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
MSH

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hmyz – vektory

Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
MSH

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viry hmyzu

Viruses infecting insects, the largest family being BACULOVIRIDAE.
MSH

viruses capable of causing disease in insects; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

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insekticidy – rezistence

The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
MSH

development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
CSP

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insekticidy

Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
MSH

pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man; insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
CSP

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plant insecticide

insecticides derived from plant materials.
CSP

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Organochlorine insecticide

class of insecticides composed of chlorinated organic compounds.
CSP

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hmyzožraví

An order of insect eating MAMMALS including MOLES; SHREWS; HEDGEHOGS and tenrecs.
MSH

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hmyz

The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
MSH

have 3 pairs of legs, 3 body regions, 1 pair of antennae, and often 1-2 pairs of wings; 26 Orders, 703,500 known species.
CSP

A taxonomic class of arthropods that includes praying mantises, dragonflies, grasshoppers, true bugs, flies, bees, wasps, ants, butterflies, moths, and beetles.
NCI

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inseminace

The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
MSH

The introduction of semen or sperm into the genital tract of a female. [ISBN:0582227089]
GO

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inseminace umělá

Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
MSH

Introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract by artificial means in order to achieve fertilization.
NCI

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inseminace umělá heterologní

Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman`s husband.
MSH

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inseminace umělá homologní

Human artificial insemination in which the husband`s semen is used.
MSH

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doškolování

On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.
MSH

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poruchy iniciace a udržování spánku

Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
MSH

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