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mezinárodní soustava jednotek

A system of physical units in which the fundamental quantities are length, time, mass, electric current, temperature, luminous intensity, and amount of substance, and the corresponding units are the meter, second, kilogram, ampere, kelvin, candela, and mole. The system has been given official status and recommended for universal use by the General Conference on Weights and Measures.
MSH

The International System of Units (Systeme International d`Unites, SI) is a decimal system of weights and measures derived from and extending the metric system of units established through the Treaty of the Meter (Convention du Metre) signed in Paris in 1875 and currently signed by 48 nations including all the major industrialized countries. The SI is maintained by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM, for Bureau International des Poids et Mesures), and is updated every few years by an international conference, the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM, for Conference Generale des Poids et Mesures). SI has a short list of base units defined in an absolute way without referring to any other units: the metre, the kilogram, the second, the ampere, the kelvin, the mole, and the candela. The base units are consistent with the part of the metric system called the MKS system.
NCI

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interneurony

Most generally any neurons which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions.
MSH

generally neurons which are not motor or sensory; may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions.
CSP

A general term for any neurons which are not motor or sensory. Interneuron may also refer to neurons whose axons remain within a particular brain region as contrasted with projection neurons which have axons projecting to other brain regions. (from MeSH)
NCI

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kurzy a stáže v nemocnici

Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
MSH

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kurzy v nelékařském oboru

Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.
MSH

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interpersonální vztahy

The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
MSH

reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
CSP

A short or long-term association between two or more people, including kinship relations, romantic, business, and social interactions.
NCI

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interfáze

The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).
MSH

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of chromosome segregation. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs. [GOC:dph, GOC:mah, http://www.onelook.com]
GO

The interval between two successive cell divisions during which the chromosomes are not individually distinguishable. Interphase is considered the resting stage of the cell.
NCI

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interprofesionální vztahy

The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
MSH

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interrenální žláza

Structures in fishes homologous to the cortical tissue of the mammalian adrenal gland; they are in close proximity to or imbedded in the kidney.
MSH

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intertrigo

A superficial dermatitis occurring on skin surfaces in contact with each other, such as the axillae, neck creases, intergluteal fold, between the toes, etc. Obesity is a predisposing factor. The condition is caused by moisture and friction and is characterized by erythema, maceration, burning, and exudation.
MSH

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intervenční studie

Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka

plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae in the spine, each consisting of a fibrous ring enclosing a pulpy center.
CSP

Spongy discs located between the vertebrae of the spinal column; composed of the outer annulus fibrosus and inner nucleus pulposus.
NCI

Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka – chemolýza

The dissolving of the nucleus pulposus, the semi-gelatinous tissue of a displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. It is usually achieved by the direct injection of a proteolytic enzyme, especially CHYMOPAPAIN, into the herniated disc.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka – výhřez

An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
MSH

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interview psychologický

A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
MSH

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tazatelé

The person who manages an interview and asks the questions.
NCI

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rozhovory jako téma

contact or meeting to obtain information from an individual.
CSP

Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
MSH

A conversation with an individual regarding his or her background and other personal and professional details, opinions on specific subjects posed by the interviewer, etc.
NCI

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střeva – absorpce

Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
MSH

Any process in which nutrients are taken up from the contents of the intestine. [GOC:ai, GOC:dph]
GO

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střeva – atrézie

Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A malformation characterized by the absence of a normal opening in a part of the intestine. It can occur either in the small or the large intestine.
NCI

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střeva – nemoci

Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
MSH

pathologic disorders in the section of the alimentary canal from the duodenum to the anus; includes all disorders of large and small intestines.
CSP

Any disease of the small or large intestine.
NCI

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střeva – nemoci parazitární

Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
MSH

infections of the gastrointestinal system with parasites, commonly involving protozoa or parasitic worms.
CSP

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střeva – píštěle

An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
MSH

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střevní sliznice

Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
MSH

innermost membrane of the four coats of the intestinal wall.
CSP

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střevní nádory

Tumors or cancer of the INTESTINES.
MSH

new abnormal intestinal tissue, small and large intestines, that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the small or large intestine.
NCI

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střeva – obstrukce

Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
MSH

any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of intestinal contents toward the anus.
CSP

An intestinal obstruction occurs when food or stool cannot move through the intestines. The obstruction can be complete or partial. There are many causes. The most common are adhesions, hernias, cancers, and certain medicines.

Symptoms include

  • Severe abdominal pain or cramping
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Loud bowel sounds
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Constipation

A complete intestinal obstruction is a medical emergency. It often requires surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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střeva – perforace

Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
MSH

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střeva – polypy

Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the INTESTINE. A polyp is attached to the intestinal wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
MSH

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střeva – pseudoobstrukce

A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

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střevo tlusté

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the small intestine and distally with the anal canal. Examples: There is only large intestine.
UWDA

A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.
MSH

segment of the lower gastrointestinal tract that includes the cecum, the colon and the rectum.
CSP

The long, tube-like organ that is connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The large intestine has four parts: cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal. Partly digested food moves through the cecum into the colon, where water and some nutrients and electrolytes are removed. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon, is stored in the rectum, and leaves the body through the anal canal and anus.
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the small intestine and distally with the anal canal. Examples: There is only large intestine.
FMA

A muscular tube that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus. (NCI)
NCI

A muscular tube that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus.
NCI

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střevo tenké

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the stomach and distally with the large intestine. Examples: There is only one small intestine.
UWDA

The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
MSH

proximal part of the intestine, extending from the pylorus to the cecum; about twenty feet long in humans.
CSP

The part of the digestive tract that is located between the stomach and the large intestine.
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the stomach and distally with the large intestine. Examples: There is only one small intestine.
FMA

The section of the intestines between the pylorus and cecum. The small intestine is approximately 20 feet long and consists of the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum. Its main function is to absorb nutrients from food as the food is transported to the large intestine. (NCI)
NCI

The section of the intestines between the pylorus and cecum. The small intestine is approximately 20 feet long and consists of the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum. Its main function is to absorb nutrients from food as the food is transported to the large intestine.
NCI

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střeva

The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
MSH

section of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the anus; includes the large and small intestines.
CSP

The long, tube-shaped organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion. The intestine has two parts, the small intestine and the large intestine.
NCI

Having to do with the intestines.
NCI

The portion of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the anus. It includes the small intestine and large intestine. (NCI)
NCI

The portion of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the anus. It includes the small intestine and large intestine.
NCI

Of, or related to, or referring to the intestines.
NCI

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