Additional pages

intraaortální balónková pumpa

Counterpulsation in which a pumping unit synchronized with the patient`s electrocardiogram rapidly fills a balloon in the aorta with helium or carbon dioxide in early diastole and evacuates the balloon at the onset of systole. As the balloon inflates, it raises aortic diastolic pressure, and as it deflates, it lowers aortic systolic pressure. The result is a decrease in left ventricular work and increased myocardial and peripheral perfusion.
MSH

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intracelulární tekutina

The fluid inside CELLS.
MSH

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intracelulární membrány

Thin structures that encapsulate subcellular structures or ORGANELLES in EUKARYOTIC CELLS. They include a variety of membranes associated with the CELL NUCLEUS; the MITOCHONDRIA; the GOLGI APPARATUS; the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; LYSOSOMES; PLASTIDS; and VACUOLES.
MSH

membranes of subcellular structures.
CSP

A thin pliable sheet separating organelles from the protoplasm.
NCI

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geny intracisternální A-částicové

Genes of IAP elements (a family of retrovirus-like genetic elements) which code for virus-like particles (IAPs) found regularly in rodent early embryos. (“Intracisternal” refers to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum.) Under certain circumstances, such as DNA hypomethylation they are transcribed. Their transcripts are found in a variety of neoplasms, including plasmacytomas, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcomas, teratocarcinomas, and colon carcinomas.
MSH

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intrakraniální tlak

Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
MSH

pressure within the cranial cavity, influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, cerebrospinal fluid dynamics, and skull rigidity.
CSP

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intradermální testy

Skin tests in which the sensitizer is injected.
MSH

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nitrooční tlak

The pressure of the fluids in the eye.
MSH

pressure of the fluids of the eye against the tunics; produced by continual renewal of the fluids within the interior of the eye.
CSP

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peroperační péče

Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
MSH

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peroperační komplikace

Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
MSH

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peroperační doba

The period during a surgical operation.
MSH

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Injecties, intrathecale

Injection, intrathecal


HL7V3.0

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Struma, intrathoracaal

A goiter that grows behind the STERNUM and CLAVICLE.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky – vypuzení

Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky

Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
MSH

A device usually made of plastic or metal, inserted into the uterus to prevent conception. IUCD can be a coil, loop, triangle, or T in shape; its material can be impregnated with a pharmaceutical agent. The primary action of all IUCDs is the induction of a foreign-body reaction within the endometrium. This sterile inflammatory process is toxic to gametes, primarily spermatozoa, and effectively prevents viable sperm from passing into the fallopian tubes. The copper-bearing device has an independent toxic effect on spermatozoa. The progestin-releasing devices produce changes in endometrial architecture and function that reduce the potential for implantation of a fertilized egg. The progestin effect on the cervical mucus also reduces the penetrability of sperm.
NCI

A small, plastic T-shaped device that is placed inside the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman`s pelvis in which a fetus develops) to prevent pregnancy. Intrauterine devices prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg, and prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus. The use of intrauterine devices is also being studied in the prevention and treatment of endometrial cancer and other conditions.
NCI

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky měděné

Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky léčebné

Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
MSH

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intrinsic faktor

A glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS that is required for the absorption of VITAMIN B 12 (cyanocobalamin). Deficiency of intrinsic factor leads to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY and ANEMIA, PERNICIOUS.
MSH

glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the gastric glands that is required for the absorption of Vitamin B12.
CSP

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introny

Sequences of DNA in the genes that are located between the EXONS. They are transcribed along with the exons but are removed from the primary gene transcript by RNA SPLICING to leave mature RNA. Some introns code for separate genes.
MSH

noncoding intervening sequence in a gene; separates the coding sequences.
CSP

The sequence of DNA in between exons that is initially copied into RNA but is cut out of the final RNA transcript and therefore does not change the amino acid code. Some intronic sequences are known to affect gene expression.
NCI

Non-coding, intervening sequences of DNA that are transcribed, but are removed from within the primary gene transcript and rapidly degraded during maturation of messenger RNA.
NCI

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introverze (psychologie)

A state in which attention is largely directed inward upon one`s self.
MSH

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intubace

Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
MSH

insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ (e.g., trachea or stomach).
CSP

The insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ.
NCI

insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ
CHV

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intubace gastrointestinální

The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
MSH

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intususcepce

A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
MSH

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inulin

A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function.
MSH

polymer of fructofuranose.
CSP

A naturally occurring, indigestible and non-absorbable oligosaccharide produced by certain plants with prebiotic and potential anticancer activity. Inulin stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the colon, including Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli, thereby modulating the composition of microflora. This creates an environment that protects against pathogens, toxins and carcinogens, which can cause inflammation and cancer. In addition, fermentation of inulin leads to an increase in short-chain fatty acids and lactic acid production, thereby reducing colonic pH, which may further control pathogenic bacteria growth and may contribute to inulin`s cancer protective properties. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=486745&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=486745&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C61506″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A naturally occurring, indigestible and non-absorbable oligosaccharide produced by certain plants with prebiotic and potential anticancer activity. Inulin stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the colon, including Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli, thereby modulating the composition of microflora. This creates an environment that protects against pathogens, toxins and carcinogens, which can cause inflammation and cancer. In addition, fermentation of inulin leads to an increase in short-chain fatty acids and lactic acid production, thereby reducing colonic pH, which may further control pathogenic bacteria growth and may contribute to inulin`s cancer protective properties.
NCI

Class of oligosaccharides produced by plants that are polymers mainly comprised of fructose (generally 2 to 140) units usually with a glucose end. These units are joined by beta-(2-1) glycosidic links.
NCI

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Equipment and supply inventories

A list of goods and materials, or those goods and materials themselves, held available for use by a business.
NCI

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inventář nemocniční

Materials and equipment in stock; includes drugs in pharmacies, blood in blood banks, etc.
MSH

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chromozomální inverze

chromosomal change in which a segment has been rotated by 180 degrees relative to the regions on either side and reinserted.
CSP

An aberration in which a chromosomal segment is deleted and reinserted in the same place but turned 180 degrees from its original orientation, so that the gene sequence for the segment is reversed with respect to that of the rest of the chromosome.
MSH

A chromosome segment is clipped out, turned upside down and reinserted back into the chromosome.
CHV

A type of chromosome rearrangement in which a segment has been turned through 180 degrees (inverted), and inserted back into its original location on the chromosome.
NCI

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Body part inversion

a turning inside-out positioning of a body part
CHV

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bezobratlí – hormony

Hormones produced by invertebrates, usually insects, mollusks, annelids, and helminths.
MSH

hormones produced by invertebrates, usually arthropods, mollusks, annelids, or helminths.
CSP

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bezobratlí

Animals that have no spinal column.
MSH

general category of the kingdom Animalia (multicellular animals) including those phyla whose members lack a notochord; ie, all animals except vertebrates in the phylum Chordata.
CSP

An animal lacking a vertebral column. This group consists of 98% of all animal species.
NCI

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investice

Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
MSH

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