Additional pages

jofendylát

A mixture of isomers used as contrast medium, mainly for brain and spinal cord visualization.
MSH

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jothalamátmeglumin

A radiopaque medium used for urography, angiography, venography, and myelography. It is highly viscous and binds to plasma proteins.
MSH

The meglumine salt form of iothalamate, an organic iodine compound and a radiographic contrast medium. Iothalamate meglumine blocks x-rays as they pass through the body, thereby allowing body structures not containing iodine to be visualized. The degree of opacity produced by iothalamate meglumine is directly proportional to the total amount of the iodinated contrast agent in the path of the x-rays. The visualization of body structures is dependent upon the distribution and elimination of iothalamate meglumine. (NCI05)
NCI

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kyselina jothalamová

A contrast medium in diagnostic radiology with properties similar to those of diatrizoic acid. It is used primarily as its sodium and meglumine (IOTHALAMATE MEGLUMINE) salts.
MSH

An ionic tri-iodinated benzoate used as a contrast agent in diagnostic imaging. Like other organic iodine compounds, iothalamic acid blocks x-ray and appears opaque on x-ray film, thereby enhancing the visibility of structure and organs during angiography, arteriography, arthrography, cholangiography, and computed tomography (CT) scanning procedures.
NCI

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Iowa

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Des Moines.
NCI

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kyselina joxaglová

A low-osmolar, ionic contrast medium used in various radiographic procedures.
MSH

An ionic tri-iodinated benzoate used as a contrast agent in diagnostic imaging. Like other organic iodine compounds, ioxaglic acid blocks x-rays and appears opaque on x-ray film, thereby enhancing the visibility of structure and organs during angiography, arteriography, arthrography, cholangiography, urography, and computed tomography (CT) scanning procedures. Ioxaglic acid has low osmolarity and is therefore associated with few side effects compared to older contrast agents.
NCI

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ipecac

A syrup made from the dried rhizomes of two different species, CEPHAELIS ipecacuanha and C. acuminata. They contain EMETINE, cephaeline, psychotrine and other ISOQUINOLINES. Ipecac syrup is used widely as an emetic acting both locally on the gastric mucosa and centrally on the chemoreceptor trigger zone.
MSH

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ipodát

Ionic monomeric contrast media. Usually the sodium or calcium salts are used for examination of the gall bladder and biliary tract. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p704)
MSH

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iprindol

A tricyclic antidepressant that has actions and uses similar to those of AMITRIPTYLINE, but has only weak antimuscarinic and sedative effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p257)
MSH

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iproniazid

An irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase types A and B that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has also been used as an antitubercular agent, but its use is limited by its toxicity.
MSH

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ipronidazol

An antihistomonal agent with low toxicity. It also promotes growth and feed utilization in poultry.
MSH

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Írán

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Irák

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Irsko

A country in Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Ireland


HL7V3.0

A country in Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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iridium

A metallic element with the atomic symbol Ir, atomic number 77, and atomic weight 192.22.
MSH

metallic element with the atomic symbol Ir, atomic number 77, and atomic weight 192.22.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Ir, atomic number 77, and atomic weight 192.217.
NCI

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iridium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of iridium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ir atoms with atomic weights 182-190, 192, and 194-198 are radioactive iridium isotopes.
MSH

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iridocyklitida

Acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil. Symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.
MSH

acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil; symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.
CSP

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iridoviry

A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.
MSH

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iris

The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers – the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
MSH

most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior; consists of two layers, the stroma and the pigmented epithelium; color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.
CSP

The colored tissue at the front of the eye that contains the pupil in the center. The iris helps control the size of the pupil to let more or less light into the eye.
NCI

The colored disc of the eye composed of connective tissue, epithelium, and endothelium. It separates the anterior chamber from the posterior chamber.
NCI

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iris – nemoci

Diseases, dysfunctions, or disorders of or located in the iris.
MSH

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iris – nádory

Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.
MSH

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iritida

inflammation of the iris characterized by circumcorneal injection, aqueous flare, keratotic precipitates, and constricted and sluggish pupil along with discoloration of the iris.
CSP

Inflammation of the iris.
NCI

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železo – chelátotvorné látky

Organic chemicals that form two or more coordination links with an iron ion. Once coordination has occurred, the complex formed is called a chelate. The iron-binding porphyrin group of hemoglobin is an example of a metal chelate found in biological systems.
MSH

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železo – isotopy

Stable iron atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iron, but differ in atomic weight. Fe-54, 57, and 58 are stable iron isotopes.
MSH

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železo – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of iron that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Fe atoms with atomic weights 52, 53, 55, and 59-61 are radioactive iron isotopes.
MSH

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železo-dextranový komplex

A complex of ferric oxyhydroxide with dextrans of 5000 to 7000 daltons in a viscous solution containing 50 mg/ml of iron. It is supplied as a parenteral preparation and is used as a hematinic. (Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1292)
MSH

A colloidal solution containing ferric oxyhydroxide complexed with polymerized dextran, used as a form of parenteral iron-replacement therapy. Upon administration and absorption, the iron dextran complex is removed from plasma by the reticuloendothelial system which cleaves it into the components iron and dextran; ferric iron subsequently binds to transferrin or is stored as hemosiderin or ferritin. Transferrin-bound iron is transported in the plasma to the liver, spleen and bone marrow, where is it is incorporated into hemoglobin (Hgb) and to muscle where it is incorporated into myoglobin (Mb). Use of this agent circumvents the gastrointestinal adverse effects commonly encountered with the use of orally administered iron salt preparations. Because of cross-reactivity with antibodies targeted against polysaccharides similar to dextran, anaphylactic reactions may occur with this type of iron formulation.
NCI

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proteiny obsahující železo a síru

A group of proteins possessing only the iron-sulfur complex as the prosthetic group. These proteins participate in all major pathways of electron transport: photosynthesis, respiration, hydroxylation and bacterial hydrogen and nitrogen fixation.
MSH

family of one electron transfer reaction mediators and catalysts whose reactive moiety consists of a cluster of iron and inorganic sulfide liganded to cysteine SH groups.
CSP

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výplach

washing of a body cavity or surface for therapeutic purposes by flowing solution which is inserted and then removed; drugs in the irrigation solution may be absorbed.
CSP

To wash out a body cavity or wound with water or a medicated fluid
CHV

Irrigation


HL7V3.0

Washing out a hollow organ (especially the stomach) by flushing with a fluid.
NCI

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HESTE LODI SUMINKOR SINDROMEA

chronic noninflammatory disease characterized by abdominal pain, altered bowel habits consisting of diarrhea or constipation or both, and no detectable pathologic change; a variant form is characterized by painless diarrhea; it is a common disorder with a psychophysiologic basis; called also spastic or irritable colon.
CSP

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a problem that affects the large intestine. It can cause abdominal cramping, bloating and a change in bowel habits. Some people with the disorder have constipation. Some have diarrhea. Some go back and forth between constipation and diarrhea. Although IBS can cause a great deal of discomfort, it does not harm the intestines.

IBS is a common disorder and happens more often in women than men. No one knows the exact cause of IBS. There is no specific test for IBS. However, your doctor may run tests to be sure you don`t have other diseases. These tests may include stool sampling tests, blood tests and x-rays. Your doctor may also do a test called a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Most people diagnosed with IBS can control their symptoms with diet, stress management and medicine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A common syndrome manifested by symptoms of bloating, abdominal cramping, constipation, and/or diarrhea. In most patients the symptoms are not severe and they can be controlled with diet, stress, and lifestyle management. A small percentage of individuals may experience severe symptoms. The cause is unknown.
NCI

A disorder of the intestines commonly marked by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in a person`s bowel habits. This may include diarrhea or constipation, or both, with one occurring after the other.
NCI

A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
MSH

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podrážděnost

Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
MSH

An abnormal responsiveness or morbid excitability of an organ, its part, or entire organism or its part to stimuli.
NCI

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dráždivé látky

Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
MSH

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